How to format your references using the Journal of Molecular Structure citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Molecular Structure. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A. Petherick, Chagas disease in the Chaco, Nature. 465 (2010) S18-20.
A journal article with 2 authors
K.D. Tanaka, K. Ueda, Horsfield’s hawk-cuckoo nestlings simulate multiple gapes for begging, Science. 308 (2005) 653.
A journal article with 3 authors
I.A.G. Snellen, E.J.W. de Mooij, S. Albrecht, The changing phases of extrasolar planet CoRoT-1b, Nature. 459 (2009) 543–545.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J.L. Mummery-Widmer, M. Yamazaki, T. Stoeger, M. Novatchkova, S. Bhalerao, D. Chen, G. Dietzl, B.J. Dickson, J.A. Knoblich, Genome-wide analysis of Notch signalling in Drosophila by transgenic RNAi, Nature. 458 (2009) 987–992.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Zlokarnik, Scale-up, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG, 2005.
An edited book
S. Vasishth, The Foundations of Statistics: A Simulation-based Approach, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
S. Agarwal, R. Barik, V.K. Nandivada, R.K. Shyamasundar, P. Varma, Static Detection of Place Locality and Elimination of Runtime Checks, in: G. Ramalingam (Ed.), Programming Languages and Systems: 6th Asian Symposium, APLAS 2008, Bangalore, India, December 9-11, 2008. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008: pp. 53–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Molecular Structure.

Blog post
J. Fang, Why Does Marijuana Give You The Munchies?, IFLScience. (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Space Transportation: Progress of the X-33 Reusable Launch Vehicle Program, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
B. Greene, Repercussions of the Dark Valley - Reenacting And Reinterpreting an Era via Fantasy Manga, Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Eddy, S. Kishkovsky, Bolshoi Director Is Upbeat About His Recovery, New York Times. (2013) C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Molecular Structure
AbbreviationJ. Mol. Struct.
ISSN (print)0022-2860
ScopeAnalytical Chemistry
Inorganic Chemistry
Organic Chemistry

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