How to format your references using the Journal of Molecular Structure citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Molecular Structure. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
B. Watson, Obituary: Bert Bolin (1925-2008), Nature. 451 (2008) 642.
A journal article with 2 authors
P. Shizgal, A. Arvanitogiannis, Neuroscience. Gambling on dopamine, Science. 299 (2003) 1856–1858.
A journal article with 3 authors
C. Efferson, R. Lalive, E. Fehr, The coevolution of cultural groups and ingroup favoritism, Science. 321 (2008) 1844–1849.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
F.C. Eguchi, E.F. Faria, C. Scapulatempo Neto, A. Longatto-Filho, C. Zanardo-Oliveira, S.R. Taboga, S.G.P. Campos, The role of TMPRSS2:ERG in molecular stratification of PCa and its association with tumor aggressiveness: a study in Brazilian patients, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 5640.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M.D. Lewin, Better Software Project Management: A Primer for Success, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2007.
An edited book
J.N. Pelton, F. Allahdadi, eds., Handbook of Cosmic Hazards and Planetary Defense, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
P.A. Koch, Learning, Food, and Sustainability in the School Curriculum, in: J. Sumner (Ed.), Learning, Food, and Sustainability: Sites for Resistance and Change, Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY, 2016: pp. 55–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Molecular Structure.

Blog post
S. Luntz, The Four Types Of Non-Vaccinators And How To Argue With Them, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Administration of the Head Start Program by the Mountain Community Action Program, Inc, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1972.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. Aghaee, Analysis of Dynamics and Optimal Control for an SIR Epidemiological Model with Time-varying Populations, Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Kenigsberg, American Anarchist, New York Times. (2017) C8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Molecular Structure
AbbreviationJ. Mol. Struct.
ISSN (print)0022-2860
ScopeAnalytical Chemistry
Inorganic Chemistry
Organic Chemistry

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