How to format your references using the Journal of Molecular Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Molecular Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Schmollinger J. Gaining a lot from translation. Nature. 2002;418:5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Canup RM, Asphaug E. Origin of the Moon in a giant impact near the end of the Earth’s formation. Nature. 2001;412:708–12.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Hochberg YV, Serrano C, Ziedonis R. ENTREPRENEURSHIP. Intangible but bankable. Science. 2015;348:1202.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Chen H, Wang Y, Wang Q, Li J, Yang S, Zhu Z. Bifunctional organic polymeric catalysts with a tunable acid-base distance and framework flexibility. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6475.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Barbosa P, Berry DL, Kary CS. Insect Histology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
1. Othieno H. Energy Resources in Africa: Distribution, Opportunities and Challenges. Awange J, editor. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Kuusisto F, Costa VS, Nassif H, Burnside E, Page D, Shavlik J. Support Vector Machines for Differential Prediction. In: Calders T, Esposito F, Hüllermeier E, Meo R, editors. Machine Learning and Knowledge Discovery in Databases: European Conference, ECML PKDD 2014, Nancy, France, September 15-19, 2014 Proceedings, Part II. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014. p. 50–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Molecular Psychiatry.

Blog post
1. Hamilton K. You Probably Shouldn’t Hug Your Dog, And 3 Other Common Things We Get Wrong About Dogs [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Unmanned Aerial Vehicles: Medium Range System Components Do Not Fit. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991 Mar. Report No.: NSIAD-91-2.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Yildiz S. Performance analysis of space-time trellis coded MIMO-OFDM systems [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Koblin J. Season Of Change For Emmys. New York Times. 2017 Jul 13;C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Molecular Psychiatry
AbbreviationJ. Mol. Psychiatry
ISSN (online)2049-9256

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