How to format your references using the Journal of Molecular Modeling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Molecular Modeling. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stewart CN Jr (2015) Songwriting and science. Science 349:446
A journal article with 2 authors
May M, Brody H (2015) Nature index 2015 Asia-Pacific. Nature 519:S49
A journal article with 3 authors
Munday JN, Capasso F, Parsegian VA (2009) Measured long-range repulsive Casimir-Lifshitz forces. Nature 457:170–173
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Khalifah P, Nelson KD, Jin R, et al (2001) Non-Fermi-liquid behaviour in La4Ru6O19. Nature 411:669–671

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Das JC (2017) Understanding Symmetrical Components for Power System Modeling. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Thaler A, Watzenig D (2014) Automotive Battery Technology. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Ram AR, Chaudhuri S (2012) Preprocessing of Lecture Videos. In: Chaudhuri S (ed) Video Analysis and Repackaging for Distance Education. Springer, New York, NY, pp 45–63

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Molecular Modeling.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Alzheimer’s Drug Permeates Blood-Brain Barrier. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1993) Federal Research: Assessment of the Financial Audit for SEMATECH’s Activities in 1992. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Choi KK (2010) Conspiracy and alternative crimes in the Military Commissions Act of 2009: Is There a Way Out? Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hamblin J (2017) Sick of Success. New York Times SR1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Molecular Modeling
AbbreviationJ. Mol. Model.
ISSN (print)1610-2940
ISSN (online)0948-5023
Inorganic Chemistry
Organic Chemistry
Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
Computational Theory and Mathematics
Computer Science Applications

Other styles