How to format your references using the Journal of Molecular Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Molecular Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J.F. Crow, Development. There’s something curious about paternal-age effects, Science. 301 (2003) 606–607.
A journal article with 2 authors
G.Y.C. Cheung, M. Otto, Microbiology: Diverted on the way to memory, Nature. 517 (2015) 28–29.
A journal article with 3 authors
Z. Jin, P. Li, D. Xiao, Enhanced electrocatalytic performance for oxygen reduction via active interfaces of layer-by-layered titanium nitride/titanium carbonitride structures, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 6712.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
W. Luo, A. Pulsipher, D. Dutta, B.M. Lamb, M.N. Yousaf, Remote control of tissue interactions via engineered photo-switchable cell surfaces, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 6313.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Y. Abdul-Rahman, The Art of RF (Riba-Free) Islamic Banking and Finance, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2014.
An edited book
M.S. Islam, ed., Islets of Langerhans, 2nd ed. 2015, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
J.P. Van Bendegem, Logic and Argumentation in Belgium: The Role of Leo Apostel, in: F.F. Abeles, M.E. Fuller (Eds.), Modern Logic 1850-1950, East and West, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016: pp. 99–118.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Molecular Biology.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Scientists Reveal Smallest Amount of Force Ever Measured, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Federal Communications Commission: Implementation of the Communications Assistance for Law Enforcement Act, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J.K. Bankas, CAFE—Community and Family Enrichment: Toward Community-Based Mental Health Support for Families, Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Detrick, Goldie’s, New York Times. (2016) D6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Molecular Biology
AbbreviationJ. Mol. Biol.
ISSN (print)0022-2836
ScopeMolecular Biology

Other styles