How to format your references using the Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Batty M. The size, scale, and shape of cities. Science. 2008 Feb 8;319(5864):769–71.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Smith BE, Braun RE. Germ cell migration across Sertoli cell tight junctions. Science. 2012 Nov 9;338(6108):798–802.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Klein Y, Efrati E, Sharon E. Shaping of elastic sheets by prescription of non-Euclidean metrics. Science. 2007 Feb 23;315(5815):1116–20.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Dai L, Wang L, Deng L, Liu J, Lei J, Li D, et al. Novel multiarm polyethylene glycol-dihydroartemisinin conjugates enhancing therapeutic efficacy in non-small-cell lung cancer. Sci Rep. 2014 Jul 29;4:5871.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Doyle JF. Modern Experimental Stress Analysis. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
1.
Thomson MC, Garcia-Herrera R, Beniston M, editors. Seasonal Forecasts, Climatic Change and Human Health: Health and Climate. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2008. X, 232 p. (Advances in Global Change Research; vol. 30).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Volchkov VV, Volchkov VV. Non-Euclidean Analogues of Plane Waves. In: Volchkov VV, editor. Harmonic Analysis of Mean Periodic Functions on Symmetric Spaces and the Heisenberg Group. London: Springer; 2009. p. 135–52. (Springer Monographs in Mathematics).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection.

Blog post
1.
Luntz S. Galactic Satellite Could Provide First Clean Dark Matter Signal. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Airline Competition: Cargo Airline Has Enhanced Competition in Hawaii but Faces an Uncertain Future. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998 Jun. Report No.: RCED-98-156.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Powers DL. Teachers’ perceptions of the effects of No Child Left Behind on classroom instruction: A cross case analysis applying Dewey’s theory of instructional methods [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Grynbaum MM. Turning Up the Pro-Trump Volume. New York Times. 2017 Oct 25;B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection
AbbreviationJ. Microbiol. Immunol. Infect.
ISSN (print)1684-1182
ISSN (online)1995-9133
ScopeGeneral Immunology and Microbiology
General Medicine
Immunology and Allergy
Infectious Diseases
Microbiology (medical)

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