How to format your references using the Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Rouault TA. Biochemistry. If the RNA fits, use it. Science. 2006 Dec 22;314(5807):1886–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Wyithe JSB, Loeb A. Magnification of light from many distant quasars by gravitational lenses. Nature. 2002 Jun 27;417(6892):923–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Cui M, Emrick T, Russell TP. Stabilizing liquid drops in nonequilibrium shapes by the interfacial jamming of nanoparticles. Science. 2013 Oct 25;342(6157):460–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Finger TE, Danilova V, Barrows J, Bartel DL, Vigers AJ, Stone L, et al. ATP signaling is crucial for communication from taste buds to gustatory nerves. Science. 2005 Dec 2;310(5753):1495–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Aubrey SB. The Profitable Hobby Farm. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Publishing, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1.
Janowski T, Mohanty H, editors. Distributed Computing and Internet Technology: 4th International Conference, ICDCIT 2007, Bangalore, India, December 17-20. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007. XIII, 346 p. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 4882).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Hollingsworth KG, Weber MA. Advanced and Quantitative Magnetic Resonance Imaging Techniques. In: Wattjes MP, Fischer D, editors. Neuromuscular Imaging. New York, NY: Springer; 2013. p. 35–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection.

Blog post
1.
Davis J. Researchers Reveal The First Warm-Blooded Fish [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/researchers-reveal-first-warm-blooded-fish/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Ocean Research Fleet: NOAA Needs to Plan for Long-Term Fleet Requirements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989 Nov. Report No.: RCED-90-42.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Luna D. Preventing obesity among foster youth through nutrition and outdoor activities: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Leland J. Shepard’s Playground. New York Times. 2017 Aug 4;C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection
AbbreviationJ. Microbiol. Immunol. Infect.
ISSN (print)1684-1182
ISSN (online)1995-9133
ScopeGeneral Immunology and Microbiology
General Medicine
Immunology and Allergy
Infectious Diseases
Microbiology (medical)

Other styles