How to format your references using the Journal of Microbiological Methods citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Microbiological Methods. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Davis, M.E., 2003. Materials science. Distinguishing the (almost) indistinguishable. Science 300, 438–439.
A journal article with 2 authors
Poinar, G.O., Jr, Danforth, B.N., 2006. A fossil bee from Early Cretaceous Burmese amber. Science 314, 614.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wu, B., Parquette, J.R., RajanBabu, T.V., 2009. Regiodivergent ring opening of chiral aziridines. Science 326, 1662.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kim, K.J., Lee, S.-W., Yim, T., Kim, J.-G., Choi, J.W., Kim, J.H., Park, M.-S., Kim, Y.-J., 2014. A new strategy for integrating abundant oxygen functional groups into carbon felt electrode for vanadium redox flow batteries. Sci. Rep. 4, 6906.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
German Concrete and Construction Cl, 2011. Beispiele zur Bemessung Nach Eurocode 2. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, D-69451 Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Smagorinsky, P. (Ed.), 2016. Creativity and Community among Autism-Spectrum Youth: Creating Positive Social Updrafts through Play and Performance, Palgrave Studies In Play, Performance, Learning, and Development. Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Heng, E.T., Forbes, V.L., 2006. Christmas Island: Remote No More, in: Rumley, D., Forbes, V.L., Griffin, C. (Eds.), Australia’s Arc of Instability: The Political and Cultural Dynamics of Regional Security, The GeoJournal Library. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 69–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Microbiological Methods.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2016. Toxic Moth Uses Click Sounds To Warn Bats Of Its Foul Taste [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2012. Telecommunications: FCC Has Reformed the High-Cost Program, but Oversight and Management Could be Improved (No. GAO-12-738). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
DeMoss, M.D., 2010. Mapping the issues: A content analysis of elementary and secondary education news stories from 1968 to 2008 on television networks (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart, J.B., 2016. In Chamber of Secrets: An Author’s Net Worth. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Davis, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Davis, 2003; Poinar and Danforth, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Poinar and Danforth, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Kim et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Microbiological Methods
AbbreviationJ. Microbiol. Methods
ISSN (print)0167-7012
ScopeMolecular Biology
Microbiology (medical)

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