How to format your references using the Journal of Microbiological Methods citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Microbiological Methods. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Russo, E., 2004. Fast Track: charting the course of your postdoc. Nature 431, 1126–1127.
A journal article with 2 authors
Prather, M.J., Blake, D.R., 2012. F. Sherwood Rowland (1927-2012). Nature 484, 168.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jefferis, G.S.X.E., Komiyama, T., Luo, L., 2004. Neuroscience. Calcium and CREST for healthy dendrites. Science 303, 179–181.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Choi, G., Kwon, O.-J., Oh, Y., Yun, C.-O., Choy, J.-H., 2014. Inorganic nanovehicle targets tumor in an orthotopic breast cancer model. Sci. Rep. 4, 4430.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jevon, P., 2012. Paediatric Advanced Life Support. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., West Sussex, UK.
An edited book
Hasegawa, M. (Ed.), 2013. Typed Lambda Calculi and Applications: 11th International Conference, TLCA 2013, Eindhoven, The Netherlands, June 26-28, 2013. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Smyth, J., Down, B., McInerney, P., 2014. Socially Critical Pedagogy of Teaching, in: Down, B., McInerney, P. (Eds.), The Socially Just School: Making Space for Youth to Speak Back, Explorations of Educational Purpose. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 93–110.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Microbiological Methods.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. From Farm To Pharmacy: Regulating Medicinal Cannabis In Australia [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1980. Opinion on the Legality of the Scheduled Transfer of Administrative Responsibility for Certain Law Enforcement Education Programs (No. B-198096). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Breckheimer, I., 2012. Mapping habitat quality in conservation’s neglected geography (Doctoral dissertation). University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J., 2017. Wealth of Experience on the Mets’ Roster Comes With a Painful Cost. New York Times SP5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Russo, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Prather and Blake, 2012; Russo, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Prather and Blake, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Choi et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Microbiological Methods
AbbreviationJ. Microbiol. Methods
ISSN (print)0167-7012
ScopeMolecular Biology
Microbiology (medical)

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