How to format your references using the Herpesviridae citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Herpesviridae. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Butler D. France finally picks Parisian site for new synchrotron. Nature. 2000;407:119–20.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Giovannoni SJ, Stingl U. Molecular diversity and ecology of microbial plankton. Nature. 2005;437:343–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Fenn KM, Nusbaum HC, Margoliash D. Consolidation during sleep of perceptual learning of spoken language. Nature. 2003;425:614–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Liu J, Wang X-P, Cho S, Lim BK, Irwin DM, Ryder OA, et al. Evolutionary and functional novelty of pancreatic ribonuclease: a study of Musteloidea (order Carnivora). Sci Rep. 2014;4:5070.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Evans R. Seven Secrets of the Savvy School Leader. San Francisco, CA, USA: Jossey-Bass; 2010.
An edited book
1. Schöll E, Klapp SHL, Hövel P, editors. Control of Self-Organizing Nonlinear Systems. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Hospenthal MAC, Gutierrez CJ. Diagnostic Radiology. In: Hospenthal DR, Rinaldi MG, editors. Diagnosis and Treatment of Human Mycoses. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2008. p. 81–102.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Herpesviridae.

Blog post
1. Hale T. Google’s AI Has Secretly Been Giving Online “Go” Players An Ass-Kicking. IFLScience. 2017. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Freight Rail Pricing: Contracts Provide Shippers and Railroads Flexibility, but High Rates Concern Some Shippers. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Mehmeti A. Intensive dramaturgical research facilitated the creation of the character Soran Saleen in “The Poetry of Pizza.” Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Rothenberg B. Fear, Frustration and Fascination: Sharapova on Serena. New York Times. 2017;:B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHerpesviridae
ISSN (print)2042-4280

Other styles