How to format your references using the Frontiers in Epigenomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Epigenomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zehr, J. P. (2015). EVOLUTION. How single cells work together. Science 349, 1163–1164.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schlein, Y., and Jacobson, R. L. (2001). Hunger tolerance and Leishmania in sandflies. Nature 414, 168.
A journal article with 3 authors
Altizer, S., Bartel, R., and Han, B. A. (2011). Animal migration and infectious disease risk. Science 331, 296–302.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Okura, T., Miyoshi, K.-I., Irita, J., Enomoto, D., Nagao, T., Kukida, M., et al. (2014). Hyperhomocysteinemia is one of the risk factors associated with cerebrovascular stiffness in hypertensive patients, especially elderly males. Sci. Rep. 4, 5663.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rankin, J. (2008). Effects of Antenatal Exercise on Psychological Well-Being, Pregnancy and Birth Outcome. Philadelphia, PA, USA: Whurr Publishers Ltd.
An edited book
Wang, F. L., Deng, H., Gao, Y., and Lei, J. eds. (2010). Artificial Intelligence and Computational Intelligence: International Conference, AICI 2010, Sanya, China, October 23-24, 2010, Proceedings, Part II. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Rosendorff, C. (2006). “Vascular Function,” in Essential Cardiology: Principles and Practice, ed. C. Rosendorff (Totowa, NJ: Humana Press), 55–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Epigenomics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Plate Tectonics May Have Driven The Evolution Of Life On Earth. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1977). Millions in Savings Possible in Converting Programs From One Computer to Another. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Contreras, A. G. (2009). A reproductive health program for the Latino adolescent community: A grant proposal.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
LISA W. FODERARO; Reporting for this article was contributed by Ford Fessenden, as well as by Kathleen McGrory in Westchester, Akhtar, F., Sophia Chang on, Koblin, J., Nate Schweber in, et al. (2006). That Sound You Hear? The Market Coming Down to Earth. New York Times, 14NJ6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zehr, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Schlein and Jacobson, 2001; Zehr, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schlein and Jacobson, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Okura et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Epigenomics
AbbreviationFront. Genet.
ISSN (online)1664-8021
Molecular Medicine

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