How to format your references using the Frontiers in Epigenomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Epigenomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Levitan, I. B. (2004). Cell biology. A well-stocked pool. Science 304, 394–395.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kamiyama, D., and Chiba, A. (2009). Endogenous activation patterns of Cdc42 GTPase within Drosophila embryos. Science 324, 1338–1340.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ma, J., Bai, L., and Wang, M. D. (2013). Transcription under torsion. Science 340, 1580–1583.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zhou, Q., Liu, Z. L., Ning, K., Wang, A., Zeng, X., and Xu, J. (2014). Genomic and transcriptome analyses reveal that MAPK- and phosphatidylinositol-signaling pathways mediate tolerance to 5-hydroxymethyl-2-furaldehyde for industrial yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Sci. Rep. 4, 6556.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Inness, P., and Dorling, S. (2012). Operational Weather Forecasting. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Albers, M., Hoffmann, T., and Reinhardt, J. eds. (2014). Human Rights and Human Nature. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Pfeiffer, S., and Green, T. (2015). “Accessibility, Internationalization, and Navigation,” in Beginning HTML5 Media: Make the most of the new video and audio standards for the Web, ed. T. Green (Berkeley, CA: Apress), 129–189.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Epigenomics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). L’Oreal Wants To 3D Print Human Skin For Cosmetics Testing. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999). Human Resources and Payroll Systems Requirements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ge, Z. (2009). Link performance analysis of disaster monitoring system.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yablonsky, L. (2011). Splattered on the Screen. New York Times, ST3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Levitan, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Levitan, 2004; Kamiyama and Chiba, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kamiyama and Chiba, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhou et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Epigenomics
AbbreviationFront. Genet.
ISSN (online)1664-8021
Molecular Medicine

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