How to format your references using the Frontiers in Epigenomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Epigenomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baker, M. (2011). Synthetic genomes: The next step for the synthetic genome. Nature 473, 403, 405–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chakravarti, A., and Little, P. (2003). Nature, nurture and human disease. Nature 421, 412–414.
A journal article with 3 authors
Friedberg, E. C., Wagner, R., and Radman, M. (2002). Specialized DNA polymerases, cellular survival, and the genesis of mutations. Science 296, 1627–1630.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Sullivan, N. J., Sanchez, A., Rollin, P. E., Yang, Z. Y., and Nabel, G. J. (2000). Development of a preventive vaccine for Ebola virus infection in primates. Nature 408, 605–609.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Norwitz, E. R., Belfort, M. A., Saade, G. R., and Miller, H. (2010). Obstetric Clinical Algorithms: Management and Evidence. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Quisumbing, A. R., Meinzen-Dick, R., Raney, T. L., Croppenstedt, A., Behrman, J. A., and Peterman, A. eds. (2014). Gender in Agriculture: Closing the Knowledge Gap. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Jain, P., Pandey, R., and Shukla, S. S. (2015). “Natural Sources of Anti-inflammation,” in Inflammation: Natural Resources and Its Applications SpringerBriefs in Immunology., eds. R. Pandey and S. S. Shukla (New Delhi: Springer India), 25–133.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Epigenomics.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014). Pesticides Are Killing Far More Than Bees, Study Claims. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1982). Evaluation of NASA Compliance With Congressional Reprogramming Requirements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Huang, Y. (2017). Optimal control of heat engines in non-equilibrium statistical mechanics.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. (2004). “Seagull” Served 3 Ways On Russian Stage Menu. New York Times, E3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baker, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Baker, 2011; Chakravarti and Little, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chakravarti and Little, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Sullivan et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Epigenomics
AbbreviationFront. Genet.
ISSN (online)1664-8021
Molecular Medicine

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