How to format your references using the Journal of Medicine and the Person citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Medicine and the Person. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Morrow R (2008) Engineering. Wi-Fi-Fo-Fum. Science 320:1018–1019
A journal article with 2 authors
Ding B, Seeman NC (2006) Operation of a DNA robot arm inserted into a 2D DNA crystalline substrate. Science 314:1583–1585
A journal article with 3 authors
Manabe M, Barrett PM, Isaji S (2000) Palaeontology. A refugium for relics? Nature 404:953
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Bonifazi P, Goldin M, Picardo MA, et al (2009) GABAergic hub neurons orchestrate synchrony in developing hippocampal networks. Science 326:1419–1424

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Blair R (2011) Organic Production and Food Quality. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Jayakumar R, Prabaharan M, Muzzarelli RAA (2011) Chitosan for Biomaterials II. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Boone WJ, Staver JR, Yale MS (2014) Item Measures. In: Staver JR, Yale MS (eds) Rasch Analysis in the Human Sciences. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 93–110

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Medicine and the Person.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2016) A New Quantum Teleportation Record Has Been Broken. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1971) Examination into the Increase in Cost of the Lunar-Roving Vehicles Being Manufactured by the Boeing Company. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Raines JR (2010) Exploring differences in teacher attitudes and instructional strategies between traditional and block schedule high schools: A comparison of two large schools. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L (2008) Court Looks at Legal Role for Mentally Ill. New York Times A21

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Medicine and the Person
AbbreviationJ. Med. Person
ISSN (print)2035-9411
ISSN (online)2036-3877
ScopeHealth Policy

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