How to format your references using the Journal of Medicine and the Person citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Medicine and the Person. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Raymond J (2013) Sexist attitudes: Most of us are biased. Nature 495:33–34
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhou Z, Bai Y (2007) Structural biology: analysis of protein-folding cooperativity. Nature 445:E16-7; discussion E17-8
A journal article with 3 authors
Randau L, Schröder I, Söll D (2008) Life without RNase P. Nature 453:120–123
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Xiao S, Xiao F, Hu Y, et al (2014) Hierarchical nanoporous gold-platinum with heterogeneous interfaces for methanol electrooxidation. Sci Rep 4:4370

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Razik H (2013) Handbook of Asynchronous Machine with Variable Speed. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Degiorgio V (2016) Photonics: A Short Course, 2nd ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Blair JA (2012) Argument Management, Informal Logic and Critical Thinking. In: Tindale CW (ed) Groundwork in the Theory of Argumentation: Selected Papers of J. Anthony Blair. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 39–50

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Medicine and the Person.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) US Science Funding In Danger Of Being Frozen Due To Political Maneuvering In Congress. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1974) More Competition Needed in the Federal Procurement of Automatic Data Processing Equipment. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alexander M (2009) Reasoning processes used by paramedics to solve clinical problems. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Duerden J (2017) Trendy Shanghai District Has a Team With Glitter of Its Own. New York Times B11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Medicine and the Person
AbbreviationJ. Med. Person
ISSN (print)2035-9411
ISSN (online)2036-3877
ScopeHealth Policy

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