How to format your references using the Journal of Medicine and the Person citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Medicine and the Person. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bevan MJ (2007) Immunology. The cutting edge of T cell selection. Science 316:1291–1292
A journal article with 2 authors
Schlein Y, Jacobson RL (2001) Hunger tolerance and Leishmania in sandflies. Nature 414:168
A journal article with 3 authors
Charpinet S, Fontaine G, Brassard P (2009) Seismic evidence for the loss of stellar angular momentum before the white-dwarf stage. Nature 461:501–503
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Keren K, Krueger M, Gilad R, et al (2002) Sequence-specific molecular lithography on single DNA molecules. Science 297:72–75

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Šolín P (2005) Partial Differential Equations and the Finite Element Method. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Ito Y (2014) Thought-Evoking Approaches in Engineering Problems. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Pfeiffer S, Green T (2015) Accessibility, Internationalization, and Navigation. In: Green T (ed) Beginning HTML5 Media: Make the most of the new video and audio standards for the Web. Apress, Berkeley, CA, pp 129–189

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Medicine and the Person.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2016) 2016 Is Going To Be One Second Longer. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990) Congressional Relations Activities, 1950-1983: Smith Blair, Charles E. Eckert, Martin J. Fitzgerald, and L. Fred Thompson. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Harvey J (2017) Predicting Cost-Inflicting Mate Retention Tactic Use in Women with Borderline Personality Features: Examining the Roles of Maladaptive Schemas and Reactive Aggression. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) SK (2003) World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Putin Reaches Out To Vatican. New York Times A6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Medicine and the Person
AbbreviationJ. Med. Person
ISSN (print)2035-9411
ISSN (online)2036-3877
ScopeHealth Policy

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