How to format your references using the Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P. Treutlein, Physics A single spin feels the vibrations, Science 335 (6076) (2012) 1584–1585.
A journal article with 2 authors
G. Helffrich and S. Kaneshima, Seismological constraints on core composition from Fe-O-S liquid immiscibility, Science 306 (5705) (2004) 2239–2242.
A journal article with 3 authors
A.M. Makarieva, V.G. Gorshkov, and B.-L. Li, Comment on “Energy uptake and allocation during ontogeny,” Science 325 (5945) (2009) 1206; author reply 1206.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
D. Becker et al., Robust Salmonella metabolism limits possibilities for new antimicrobials, Nature 440 (7082) (2006) 303–307.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M.L. Leibowitz, A. Bova, and P.B. Hammond, The Endowment Model of Investing, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, (2010).
An edited book
B. Banerjee and S. Ceri, eds., Creating Innovation Leaders: A Global Perspective, 1st ed. 2016, Springer International Publishing, Cham, (2016).
A chapter in an edited book
N. Buescher et al., Compiling Low Depth Circuits for Practical Secure Computation, in I. Askoxylakis, S. Ioannidis, S. Katsikas, C. Meadows (Eds.), Computer Security – ESORICS 2016: 21st European Symposium on Research in Computer Security, Heraklion, Greece, September 26-30, 2016, Proceedings, Part II, Springer International Publishing, Cham, (2016): pp. 80–98.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology.

Blog post
J. Fang, Squid and Humans Evolved the Same Eye, IFLScience (2014).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Auto Safety: NHTSA Has Options to Improve the Safety Defect Recall Process, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, (2011).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. Kramer-Duffield, Beliefs and uses of tagging among undergraduates, Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J.R. Oestreich, Review: The Vienna Philharmonic Adds New Work, and Women, New York Times (2017) C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Mechanical Science and Technology
AbbreviationJ. Mech. Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)1738-494X
ISSN (online)1976-3824
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials

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