How to format your references using the Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
T.W. White, Unique and redundant connexin contributions to lens development, Science 295 (5553) (2002) 319–320.
A journal article with 2 authors
S. Pacala and R. Socolow, Stabilization wedges: solving the climate problem for the next 50 years with current technologies, Science 305 (5686) (2004) 968–972.
A journal article with 3 authors
J.J. Richardson, M. Björnmalm, and F. Caruso, Multilayer assembly Technology-driven layer-by-layer assembly of nanofilms, Science 348 (6233) (2015) aaa2491.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
D. Zhang et al., Enantio-relay catalysis constructs chiral biaryl alcohols over cascade Suzuki cross-coupling-asymmetric transfer hydrogenation, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 5091.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
U. Troppens, R. Erkens, and W. Müller, Storage Networks Explained, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, (2004).
An edited book
F. Castro, A. Gelbukh, and M. González, eds., Advances in Soft Computing and Its Applications: 12th Mexican International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, MICAI 2013, Mexico City, Mexico, November 24-30, 2013, Proceedings, Part II, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, (2013).
A chapter in an edited book
T. Mumvuma, Enhancing Service Delivery at the Local Level in Zimbabwe: Challenges and Future Prospects, in G.M. Gómez, P. Knorringa (Eds.), Local Governance, Economic Development and Institutions, Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, (2016): pp. 64–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology.

Blog post
T. Hale, Thousand Of Migrating Snow Geese Die After Landing In Toxic Mine, IFLScience (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Uses of Minicomputers in the Federal Government: Trends, Benefits, and Problems, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, (1976).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S. Bhandari, The Role of System of Systems in Additive Manufacturing, Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Crow, I Say Yip-Yip, You Say Ruff-Ruff: Small Dogs Lobby for Own Dog Run, New York Times (2002) 145.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Mechanical Science and Technology
AbbreviationJ. Mech. Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)1738-494X
ISSN (online)1976-3824
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials

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