How to format your references using the Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. Neutze, STRUCTURAL BIOLOGY Snapshots of a protein quake, Science 350 (6259) (2015) 381.
A journal article with 2 authors
D. Artis and H. Spits, The biology of innate lymphoid cells, Nature 517 (7534) (2015) 293–301.
A journal article with 3 authors
K.C. Seto, R.K. Kaufmann, and C.E. Woodcock, Landsat reveals China’s farmland reserves, but they’re vanishing fast, Nature 406 (6792) (2000) 121.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
T.L. Huber et al., Haemangioblast commitment is initiated in the primitive streak of the mouse embryo, Nature 432 (7017) (2004) 625–630.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
B. Hitz, J.J. Ewing, and J. Hecht, Introduction to Laser Technology, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, (2005).
An edited book
O.H. Hassan et al., eds., Proceedings of the International Symposium on Research of Arts, Design and Humanities (ISRADH 2014), 1st ed. 2015, Springer, Singapore, (2015).
A chapter in an edited book
H. He and A.K. Singh, Query Language and Access Methods for Graph Databases, in C.C. Aggarwal, H. Wang (Eds.), Managing and Mining Graph Data, Springer US, Boston, MA, (2010): pp. 125–160.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Engaging The Public With Science Can Yield Unexpected Rewards, IFLScience (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Federal Chief Information Officer: Leadership Needed to Confront Serious Challenges and Emerging Issues, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, (2000).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D.C. Fink, An Exposure Assessment of Paper Dust in a Coupon Manufacturing Facility, Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Wines, 3 Lawsuits Filed Against White House Panel on Voter Fraud, New York Times (2017) A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Mechanical Science and Technology
AbbreviationJ. Mech. Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)1738-494X
ISSN (online)1976-3824
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials

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