How to format your references using the Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Sheeran, Preventing hunger: sustainability not aid, Nature 479 (7374) (2011) 469–470.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. Kleinberg and S. Lawrence, Network analysis The structure of the Web, Science 294 (5548) (2001) 1849–1850.
A journal article with 3 authors
T. Sousa, G.M. Marques, and T. Domingos, Comment on “Energy uptake and allocation during ontogeny,” Science 325 (5945) (2009) 1206; author reply 1206.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A.P. Finne et al., An intrinsic velocity-independent criterion for superfluid turbulence, Nature 424 (6952) (2003) 1022–1025.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A. Bayés de Luna, Clinical Arrhythmology, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK, (2011).
An edited book
S.L. Kendal, An Introduction to Knowledge Engineering, Springer, London, (2007).
A chapter in an edited book
P. Williams, SDynamic Force Spectroscopy with the Atomic Force Microscope, in A. Noy (Ed.), Handbook of Molecular Force Spectroscopy, Springer US, Boston, MA, (2008): pp. 143–161.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology.

Blog post
S. Luntz, New Evidence Suggests Tyrannosaurs Were Social Creatures, IFLScience (2014).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Customs Service Modernization: Actions Initiated to Correct ACE Management and Technical Weaknesses, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, (1999).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
T.B. Hofmann, Adductor and abductor spasmodic dysphonia: A comparison of quality of life issues for those receiving Botox treatment, Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Wagner, Lugo, Paying No Mind to His Elbow, Earns Dividends, New York Times (2017) D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Mechanical Science and Technology
AbbreviationJ. Mech. Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)1738-494X
ISSN (online)1976-3824
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials

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