How to format your references using the Journal of Maps citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Maps. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grayson, M. (2012). Psoriasis. Nature, 492(7429), S49.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pollard, T. D., & Cooper, J. A. (2009). Actin, a central player in cell shape and movement. Science (New York, N.Y.), 326(5957), 1208–1212.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kaul, M., Garden, G. A., & Lipton, S. A. (2001). Pathways to neuronal injury and apoptosis in HIV-associated dementia. Nature, 410(6831), 988–994.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Cruz-Migoni, A., Hautbergue, G. M., Artymiuk, P. J., Baker, P. J., Bokori-Brown, M., Chang, C.-T., … Rice, D. W. (2011). A Burkholderia pseudomallei toxin inhibits helicase activity of translation factor eIF4A. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6057), 821–824.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mashadi, B., & Crolla, D. (2012). Vehicle Powertrain Systems. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Gupta, H. K. (Ed.). (2011). Encyclopedia of Solid Earth Geophysics. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Ojo, A., Porwol, L., Waqar, M., Stasiewicz, A., Osagie, E., Hogan, M., … Zeleti, F. A. (2016). Realizing the Innovation Potentials from Open Data: Stakeholders’ Perspectives on the Desired Affordances of Open Data Environment. In H. Afsarmanesh, L. M. Camarinha-Matos, & A. Lucas Soares (Eds.), Collaboration in a Hyperconnected World: 17th IFIP WG 5.5 Working Conference on Virtual Enterprises, PRO-VE 2016, Porto, Portugal, October 3-5, 2016, Proceedings (pp. 48–59). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Maps.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, August 5). Elephants Get Really Excited When Others Mate.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2015). James Webb Space Telescope: Project Facing Increased Schedule Risk with Significant Work Remaining (No. GAO-15-483T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lee, A. M. (2010). Examining the socially responsible leadership development outcomes of study abroad experiences for college seniors (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, D. A. (2006, June 25). How to Get the Best Rate (and Avoid Fees). New York Times, p. TR6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Grayson, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Grayson, 2012; Pollard & Cooper, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pollard & Cooper, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Kaul, Garden, & Lipton, 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Cruz-Migoni et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Maps
AbbreviationJ. Maps
ISSN (online)1744-5647

Other styles