How to format your references using the Journal of Maps citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Maps. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rainey, P. B. (2007). Unity from conflict. Nature, 446(7136), 616.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gomez Perdiguero, E., & Geissmann, F. (2014). Cancer immunology. Identifying the infiltrators. Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6186), 801–802.
A journal article with 3 authors
Conard, N. J., Malina, M., & Münzel, S. C. (2009). New flutes document the earliest musical tradition in southwestern Germany. Nature, 460(7256), 737–740.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Beugnon, J., Jones, M. P. A., Dingjan, J., Darquié, B., Messin, G., Browaeys, A., & Grangier, P. (2006). Quantum interference between two single photons emitted by independently trapped atoms. Nature, 440(7085), 779–782.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Henderson, B., & Dorsey, J. (2008). Medical Terminology for Dummies®. Wiley Publishing, Inc.
An edited book
Chaudhuri, S. (2014). Foreign Direct Investment in Developing Countries: A Theoretical Evaluation (U. Mukhopadhyay, Ed.). Springer India.
A chapter in an edited book
Karpov, E. G., & Grankin, M. V. (2012). Atomic Scale Monte-Carlo Studies of Entropic Elasticity Properties of Polymer Chain Molecules. In B. Sun (Ed.), Advances in Soft Matter Mechanics (pp. 147–163). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Maps.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2017, May 30). The Great Barrier Reef Suffered Far Worse Bleaching Than Originally Thought. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2006). Telecommunications: Options for and Barriers to Spectrum Reform (GAO-06-526T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gonzalez, S. N. (2010). Analysis of the impact of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act on California’s children: A report card on the CalWORKs program [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2015, September 17). Puerto Rico’s Debt Rescue Plan Is Being Called Into Question. New York Times, B5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rainey, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Gomez Perdiguero & Geissmann, 2014; Rainey, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gomez Perdiguero & Geissmann, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Conard et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Beugnon et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Maps
AbbreviationJ. Maps
ISSN (online)1744-5647

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