How to format your references using the Journal of Maps citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Maps. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cyranoski, D. (2009). Retracted paper rattles Korean science. Nature, 458(7238), 561.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wes, P. D., & Bargmann, C. I. (2001). C. elegans odour discrimination requires asymmetric diversity in olfactory neurons. Nature, 410(6829), 698–701.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gupta, A., Zadafiya, P., & Mahalakshmi, R. (2014). Differential contribution of tryptophans to the folding and stability of the attachment invasion locus transmembrane β-barrel from Yersinia pestis. Scientific Reports, 4, 6508.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Paschen, S. A., Waizenegger, T., Stan, T., Preuss, M., Cyrklaff, M., Hell, K., Rapaport, D., & Neupert, W. (2003). Evolutionary conservation of biogenesis of beta-barrel membrane proteins. Nature, 426(6968), 862–866.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mahlberg, R., Gilles, A., & Läsch, A. (2004). Hämatologie. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Losic, D., & Santos, A. (Eds.). (2015). Nanoporous Alumina: Fabrication, Structure, Properties and Applications (Vol. 219). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Moroski-Erkul, C. A., Demir, E., Gunduz, E., & Gunduz, M. (2015). Genetic Basis of Metastasis. In R. A. de Mello, Á. Tavares, & G. Mountzios (Eds.), International Manual of Oncology Practice: (iMOP) - Principles of Medical Oncology (pp. 63–79). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Maps.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, October 16). New Genomic Analysis Shakes Up Bird Family Tree. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1978). Procedures To Safeguard Social Security Beneficiary Records Can and Should Be Improved (HRD-78-116). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Desgens-Martin, V. (2014). High prevalence of carcinoma in California sea lions Zalophus californianus: Evidence of a xenobiotic-induced carcinogenic cascade? [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Mallozzi, V. M. (2017, August 22). For Their Wedding, the Moon Dimmed the Lights. New York Times, ST13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cyranoski, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Cyranoski, 2009; Wes & Bargmann, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wes & Bargmann, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Gupta et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Paschen et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Maps
AbbreviationJ. Maps
ISSN (online)1744-5647

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