How to format your references using the Journal of Maps citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Maps. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wagner, M. (2015). Microbiology: Conductive consortia. Nature, 526(7574), 513–514.
A journal article with 2 authors
Prescott, E. D., & Julius, D. (2003). A modular PIP2 binding site as a determinant of capsaicin receptor sensitivity. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5623), 1284–1288.
A journal article with 3 authors
Qian, H., Wang, X., & Zhang, Y. (2012). Comment on “Disentangling the drivers of β diversity along latitudinal and elevational gradients.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6076), 1573; author reply 1573.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhu, J.-X., Wen, X.-D., Haraldsen, J. T., He, M., Panagopoulos, C., & Chia, E. E. M. (2014). Induced ferromagnetism at BiFeO3/YBa2Cu3O7 interfaces. Scientific Reports, 4, 5368.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Trimble, M. R., & George, M. S. (2010). Biological Psychiatry. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Ormrod, J. S. (Ed.). (2016). Changing our Environment, Changing Ourselves: Nature, Labour, Knowledge and Alienation. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.
A chapter in an edited book
Novák, P. (2009). Jazzyk: A Programming Language for Hybrid Agents with Heterogeneous Knowledge Representations. In K. V. Hindriks, A. Pokahr, & S. Sardina (Eds.), Programming Multi-Agent Systems: 6th International Workshop, ProMAS 2008, Estoril, Portugal, May 13, 2008. Revised Invited and Selected Papers (pp. 72–87). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Maps.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, November 3). New Device Helps Facilitate Communication Between Humans and Dogs. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007). Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites: Progress Has Been Made, but Improvements Are Needed to Effectively Manage Risks (No. GAO-08-18). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bryant, J. D. (2014). The Investigation of Self-Determination in Students Participating in Higher Education with an Invisible Disability (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barnes, B., & Koblin, J. (2017, May 1). ABC’s ‘Live’ Ends Search, Naming Seacrest Co-Host. New York Times, p. B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wagner, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Prescott & Julius, 2003; Wagner, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Prescott & Julius, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Qian, Wang, & Zhang, 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Zhu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Maps
AbbreviationJ. Maps
ISSN (online)1744-5647

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