How to format your references using the Journal of Maps citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Maps. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Russo, E. (2004). Fast Track: charting the course of your postdoc. Nature, 431(7012), 1126–1127.
A journal article with 2 authors
Czakó, G., & Bowman, J. M. (2011). Dynamics of the reaction of methane with chlorine atom on an accurate potential energy surface. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6054), 343–346.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, Y., Zhang, Y., & Ha, Y. (2006). Crystal structure of a rhomboid family intramembrane protease. Nature, 444(7116), 179–180.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wang, W., Zhang, W., Fang, X., Huang, Y., Liu, Q., Gu, J., & Zhang, D. (2014). Demonstration of higher colour response with ambient refractive index in Papilio blumei as compared to Morpho rhetenor. Scientific Reports, 4, 5591.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dean, J. R. (2005). Practical Inductively Coupled Plasma Spectroscopy: Dean/Plasma. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Ajmone Marsan, M., Bianchi, G., Listanti, M., & Meo, M. (Eds.). (2005). Quality of Service in Multiservice IP Networks: Third International Workshop, QoS-IP 2005, Catania, Italy, February 2-4, 2004, Catania, Italy, February 2-4, 2004. Proceedings (Vol. 3375). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Jain, A., & Pietrzak, K. (2011). Parallel Repetition for Leakage Resilience Amplification Revisited. In Y. Ishai (Ed.), Theory of Cryptography: 8th Theory of Cryptography Conference, TCC 2011, Providence, RI, USA, March 28-30, 2011. Proceedings (pp. 58–69). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Maps.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016, October 11). Mars Astronauts May Suffer Dementia Due To Cosmic Radiation. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Medicare Automated Systems: Weaknesses in Managing Information Technology Hinder Fight Against Fraud and Abuse (T-AIMD-97-176). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ji, Y. (2017). Dynamic Genetic Control: Manipulating Cell Behaviors Using Heat [Doctoral dissertation]. University of California San Diego.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
GEORGE GENE GUSTINES; Compiled by RACHEL LEE HARRIS. (2009, October 26). Stephen King Plans a Vampire Comic. New York Times, C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Russo, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Czakó & Bowman, 2011; Russo, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Czakó & Bowman, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Wang et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Wang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Maps
AbbreviationJ. Maps
ISSN (online)1744-5647

Other styles