How to format your references using the Journal of Maps citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Maps. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Beckley, C. (2004). Biotech business Down Under. Nature, 429(6991 Suppl), 5–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bintanja, R., & van de Wal, R. S. W. (2008). North American ice-sheet dynamics and the onset of 100,000-year glacial cycles. Nature, 454(7206), 869–872.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bustamante, C. D., Burchard, E. G., & De la Vega, F. M. (2011). Genomics for the world. Nature, 475(7355), 163–165.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
He, P., Hou, X., Aldahan, A., Possnert, G., & Yi, P. (2013). Iodine isotopes species fingerprinting environmental conditions in surface water along the northeastern Atlantic Ocean. Scientific Reports, 3, 2685.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lundberg, U., & Cooper, C. L. (2010). The Science of Occupational Health. Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Dewey, S. (2013). Ethical Research with Sex Workers: Anthropological Approaches (T. Zheng, Ed.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Treerattanapitak, K., & Jaruskulchai, C. (2012). Generalized Agglomerative Fuzzy Clustering. In T. Huang, Z. Zeng, C. Li, & C. S. Leung (Eds.), Neural Information Processing: 19th International Conference, ICONIP 2012, Doha, Qatar, November 12-15, 2012, Proceedings, Part III (pp. 34–41). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Maps.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2016, September 8). Here’s What Dogs See When They Watch Television. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). Automated Systems: Treasury’s Efforts to Improve Its Payroll and Personnel Systems (IMTEC-90-4). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Roediger, E. (2015). Relaxation Skills Training for Elementary Aged Children [Doctoral dissertation]. Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2000, November 26). Allowing the Math-Challenged To Savor the Coffee at Tip Time. New York Times, 146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Beckley, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Beckley, 2004; Bintanja & van de Wal, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bintanja & van de Wal, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Bustamante et al., 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (He et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Maps
AbbreviationJ. Maps
ISSN (online)1744-5647

Other styles