How to format your references using the Journal of Maps citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Maps. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott, A. (2010). Levodopa: the story so far. Nature, 466(7310), S6-7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pan, H., & Chen, B. (2014). Ultra-flexibility and unusual electronic, magnetic and chemical properties of waved graphenes and nanoribbons. Scientific Reports, 4, 4198.
A journal article with 3 authors
Altshuler, D., Daly, M. J., & Lander, E. S. (2008). Genetic mapping in human disease. Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5903), 881–888.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Heersche, H. B., Jarillo-Herrero, P., Oostinga, J. B., Vandersypen, L. M. K., & Morpurgo, A. F. (2007). Bipolar supercurrent in graphene. Nature, 446(7131), 56–59.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Aubry, J.-F., Brinzei, N., & Mazouni, M.-H. (2016). Systems Dependability Assessment. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Pinson, E., Valente, F., & Vitoriano, B. (Eds.). (2015). Operations Research and Enterprise Systems: Third International Conference, ICORES 2014, Angers, France, March 6-8, 2014, Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 509). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Ansel, D., Nicot, B., Piombini, A., & Girandola, F. (2016). Affect, Uncertainty, and Decision-Making. In P. Frankhauser & D. Ansel (Eds.), Deciding Where to Live: An Interdisciplinary Approach to Residential Choice in its Social Context (pp. 93–112). Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Maps.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, January 29). Precision Medicine Offers The Hope Of Cures Made Just For You. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). Forest Service: Status of Geographic Information System Acquisition (IMTEC-89-27). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Iniguez, D. (2013). Mentoring through performing arts; A grant proposal for at risk youth in middle school [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz, J. (2017, October 13). Where Do All the Disgraced C.E.O.s Go? New York Times, BU12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Abbott, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Abbott, 2010; Pan & Chen, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pan & Chen, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Altshuler et al., 2008)
  • 6 or more authors: (Heersche et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Maps
AbbreviationJ. Maps
ISSN (online)1744-5647

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