How to format your references using the Journal of Maps citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Maps. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Crocker, J. (2011). The road to fraud starts with a single step. Nature, 479(7372), 151.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sfeir, A., & de Lange, T. (2012). Removal of shelterin reveals the telomere end-protection problem. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6081), 593–597.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hu, T., Hashmi, A., & Hong, J. (2014). Transparent half metallic g-C4N3 nanotubes: potential multifunctional applications for spintronics and optical devices. Scientific Reports, 4, 6059.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Xie, Q., Hu, Z., Zhu, Z., Dong, T., Zhao, Z., Cui, B., & Chen, G. (2014). Overexpression of a novel MADS-box gene SlFYFL delays senescence, fruit ripening and abscission in tomato. Scientific Reports, 4, 4367.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Blair, R., & Regenstein, J. M. (2015). Genetic Modification and Food Quality. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Schofield, N. (2011). Leadership or Chaos: The Heart and Soul of Politics (M. Gallego, Ed.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Marcelino, M. J., Gomes, C. A., Silva, M. J., Gouveia, C., Fonseca, A., Pestana, B., & Brigas, C. (2007). Schoolsenses@Internet. In B. Fernández-Manjón, J. M. Sánchez-Pérez, J. A. Gómez-Pulido, M. A. Vega-Rodríguez, & J. Bravo-Rodríguez (Eds.), Computers and Education: E-Learning, From Theory to Practice (pp. 57–66). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Maps.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, September 30). Why It Hurts To See Others Suffer: Pain And Empathy Linked In The Brain. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007). Federal Family Education Loan Program: Increased Department of Education Oversight of Lender and School Activities Needed to Help Ensure Program Compliance (GAO-07-750). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hung, H.-C. (2006). Allocation of Jobs and Resources to Work Centers [Doctoral dissertation]. Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pollak, M. (2017, August 8). Glen Campbell Dies; Star Who Bridged Pop And Country Was 81. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Crocker, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Crocker, 2011; Sfeir & de Lange, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sfeir & de Lange, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Hu et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Xie et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Maps
AbbreviationJ. Maps
ISSN (online)1744-5647

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