How to format your references using the Journal of Maps citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Maps. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cyranoski, D. (2003). China: from SARS to the stars. Nature, 426(6968), 752–753.
A journal article with 2 authors
Prather, M. J., & Blake, D. R. (2012). F. Sherwood Rowland (1927-2012). Nature, 484(7393), 168.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shekhawat, G., Tark, S.-H., & Dravid, V. P. (2006). MOSFET-Embedded microcantilevers for measuring deflection in biomolecular sensors. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5767), 1592–1595.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wannamaker, P. E., Caldwell, T. G., Jiracek, G. R., Maris, V., Hill, G. J., Ogawa, Y., … Heise, W. (2009). Fluid and deformation regime of an advancing subduction system at Marlborough, New Zealand. Nature, 460(7256), 733–736.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Van Fleet, P. J. (2008). Discrete Wavelet Transformations. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Shi, Y. Q. (Ed.). (2012). Transactions on Data Hiding and Multimedia Security VII (Vol. 7110). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Eadie, M. J., & Vajda, F. (2016). Commonly Used Newer Antiepileptic Drugs. In F. Vajda (Ed.), Antiepileptic Drugs and Pregnancy: A Guide for Prescribers (pp. 67–85). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Maps.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, April 21). Billions Of Bizarre Blue Animals Wash Ashore On The West Coast. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2011). Statutory Copyright Licensing: Implications of a Phaseout on Access to Television Programming and Consumer Prices Are Unclear (No. GAO-12-75). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mier, L. M. (2012). Monitoring Electron Transfer Reactions using Ultrafast UV-Visible and Infrared Spectroscopy (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2002, February 24). Street-Cleaning Rules Are Whisked Away, And Drivers Get a Little Patch of Heaven. New York Times, p. 144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cyranoski, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Cyranoski, 2003, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Prather & Blake, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Shekhawat, Tark, & Dravid, 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Wannamaker et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Maps
AbbreviationJ. Maps
ISSN (online)1744-5647

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