How to format your references using the Journal of Management Science and Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Management Science and Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Makalowski, W. (2003). Genomics. Not junk after all. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5623), 1246–1247.
A journal article with 2 authors
Eroglu, C., & Barres, B. A. (2010). Regulation of synaptic connectivity by glia. Nature, 468(7321), 223–231.
A journal article with 3 authors
Culley, A. I., Lang, A. S., & Suttle, C. A. (2003). High diversity of unknown picorna-like viruses in the sea. Nature, 424(6952), 1054–1057.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Seki, A., Coppinger, J. A., Jang, C.-Y., Yates, J. R., & Fang, G. (2008). Bora and the kinase Aurora a cooperatively activate the kinase Plk1 and control mitotic entry. Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5883), 1655–1658.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Horstmeyer, S. L. (2011). The Weather Almanac. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Lee, G. (Ed.). (2012). Advances in Computational Environment Science: Selected papers from 2012 International Conference on Environment Science (ICES 2012), Australia, Melbourne, 15‐16 January, 2012 (Vol. 142). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
McCarthy, S., Miheljak, V., Petrović, N., Polič, M., Tsatsaroni, C., Kulakoglu, N. P., Medvedeva, A., Yalcinkaya, A., O’Neil, S., & Stern, E. (2013). Definitions of War, Terrorism, and Torture in the Balkan Peninsula and Russia. In K. Malley-Morrison, S. McCarthy, & D. Hines (Eds.), International Handbook of War, Torture, and Terrorism (pp. 49–61). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Management Science and Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, December 28). Sky Watching Event Guide For 2015. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1978). Federal Direction Needed for Educating Handicapped Children in State Schools (HRD-78-6). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Belflower, K. E. (2012). The relationship between demographic and employment variables of job satisfaction among emergency nurses [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Qiu, L. (2017, October 10). That’s Not How It Went On the Deal With Iran. New York Times, A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Makalowski, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Eroglu & Barres, 2010; Makalowski, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Eroglu & Barres, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Culley et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Seki et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Management Science and Engineering
ISSN (print)2096-2320

Other styles