How to format your references using the Journal of Management Science and Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Management Science and Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goodnow, C. C. (2006). Immunology. Discriminating microbe from self suffers a double toll. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5780), 1606–1608.
A journal article with 2 authors
Göhlich, U. B., & Chiappe, L. M. (2006). A new carnivorous dinosaur from the Late Jurassic Solnhofen archipelago. Nature, 440(7082), 329–332.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shahabi, A., Wang, H., & Upmanyu, M. (2014). Shaping van der Waals nanoribbons via torsional constraints: scrolls, folds and supercoils. Scientific Reports, 4, 7004.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Anderson, R. F., Ali, S., Bradtmiller, L. I., Nielsen, S. H. H., Fleisher, M. Q., Anderson, B. E., & Burckle, L. H. (2009). Wind-driven upwelling in the Southern Ocean and the deglacial rise in atmospheric CO2. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5920), 1443–1448.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Saleh, J. H., & Castet, J.-F. (2011). Spacecraft Reliability and Multi-State Failures. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Huang, D.-S., Li, K., & Irwin, G. W. (Eds.). (2006). Computational Intelligence: International Conference on Intelligent Computing, ICIC 2006, Kunming, China, August 16-19, 2006. Proceedings, Part II (Vol. 4114). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Song, L., Zhang, M., Sun, Z., Liang, J., & He, R. (2015). Two-Step Greedy Subspace Clustering. In Y.-S. Ho, J. Sang, Y. M. Ro, J. Kim, & F. Wu (Eds.), Advances in Multimedia Information Processing -- PCM 2015: 16th Pacific-Rim Conference on Multimedia, Gwangju, South Korea, September 16-18, 2015, Proceedings, Part I (pp. 45–54). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Management Science and Engineering.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2017, January 20). Well-Meaning New Zealander’s Are Killing Endangered Birds By Accident. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). Aviation Security: Technology’s Role in Addressing Vulnerabilities (T-RCED/NSIAD-96-262). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kim, S. (2004). Characterization of Ribosomal S6 Protein Phosphorylation and Posssible Control of Ribosome Biogenesis in Arabidopsis Cell Culture [Doctoral dissertation]. Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J. (2017, September 3). A Love of Science Fiction Collides With a Classic. New York Times, C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goodnow, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Göhlich & Chiappe, 2006; Goodnow, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Göhlich & Chiappe, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Shahabi et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Anderson et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Management Science and Engineering
ISSN (print)2096-2320

Other styles