How to format your references using the Journal of Management Science and Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Management Science and Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brenner, S. E. (2013). Be prepared for the big genome leak. Nature, 498(7453), 139.
A journal article with 2 authors
Moran, N. A., & Jarvik, T. (2010). Lateral transfer of genes from fungi underlies carotenoid production in aphids. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5978), 624–627.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sweeney, K. E., Roering, J. J., & Ellis, C. (2015). GEOMORPHOLOGY. Experimental evidence for hillslope control of landscape scale. Science (New York, N.Y.), 349(6243), 51–53.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zheng, Z., Sheng, B., Gao, C., Zhang, H., Qin, T., Ma, C., & Xu, P. (2013). Highly stereoselective biosynthesis of (R)-α-hydroxy carboxylic acids through rationally re-designed mutation of D-lactate dehydrogenase. Scientific Reports, 3, 3401.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Alexandrovna, M. I., Ionin, B. I., & Tebby, J. C. (2013). Alkynes in Cycloadditions. John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Kreuer, K.-D. (Ed.). (2013). Fuel Cells: Selected Entries from the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Brusilovsky, P., Somyürek, S., Guerra, J., Hosseini, R., & Zadorozhny, V. (2015). The Value of Social: Comparing Open Student Modeling and Open Social Student Modeling. In F. Ricci, K. Bontcheva, O. Conlan, & S. Lawless (Eds.), User Modeling, Adaptation and Personalization: 23rd International Conference, UMAP 2015, Dublin, Ireland, June 29 -- July 3, 2015. Proceedings (pp. 44–55). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Management Science and Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, November 2). How Subtle Changes In Our Bodies Affect Conscious Awareness And Decision Confidence. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2016). Data Center Consolidation: Agencies Making Progress, but Planned Savings Goals Need to Be Established [Reissued on March 4, 2016] (GAO-16-323). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Burns, K. N. (2017). Impact of Cognitive Tasks on Gait Parameters in Collegiate Athletes [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. (1992, November 5). The Winners Shift Gears: What Now? New York Times, B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brenner, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Brenner, 2013; Moran & Jarvik, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Moran & Jarvik, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Sweeney et al., 2015)
  • 6 or more authors: (Zheng et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Management Science and Engineering
ISSN (print)2096-2320

Other styles