How to format your references using the Journal of Management Science and Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Management Science and Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Celotti, A. (2008). Astronomy. Life after death. Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5893), 1164–1165.
A journal article with 2 authors
Li, L., & Ye, K. (2006). Crystal structure of an H/ACA box ribonucleoprotein particle. Nature, 443(7109), 302–307.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chakraborty, S., Yanchulova, P., & Thiemens, M. H. (2013). Mass-independent oxygen isotopic partitioning during gas-phase SiO2 formation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 342(6157), 463–466.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Koglin, A., Mofid, M. R., Löhr, F., Schäfer, B., Rogov, V. V., Blum, M.-M., Mittag, T., Marahiel, M. A., Bernhard, F., & Dötsch, V. (2006). Conformational switches modulate protein interactions in peptide antibiotic synthetases. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5771), 273–276.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Das, J. C. (2015). Power System Harmonics and Passive Filter Designs. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Decker, B. D., & Chadwick, D. W. (Eds.). (2012). Communications and Multimedia Security: 13th IFIP TC 6/TC 11 International Conference, CMS 2012, Canterbury, UK, September 3-5, 2012. Proceedings (Vol. 7394). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Proudfoot, A. E. I., Power, C. A., Schwarz, M., & Wells, T. N. C. (2007). Chemokines as drug targets. In K. Neote, G. L. Letts, & B. Moser (Eds.), Chemokine Biology — Basic Research and Clinical Application: Volume II: Pathophysiology of Chemokines (pp. 45–59). Birkhäuser.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Management Science and Engineering.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, June 10). Fistfights May Have Shaped the Faces of Our Ancestors. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). Software Licenses: DOD’s Plan to Collect Inventory Data Meets Statutory Requirements (GAO-14-625). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Carlson, D. L. (2014). BOUND/(bang) [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J. (2017, June 25). It’s Time to Retrieve Time’s Time Capsule. New York Times, A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Celotti, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Celotti, 2008; Li & Ye, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Li & Ye, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Chakraborty et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Koglin et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Management Science and Engineering
ISSN (print)2096-2320

Other styles