How to format your references using the Journal of Management Science and Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Management Science and Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith, A. (2002). Screening for drug discovery: the leading question. Nature, 418(6896), 453–459.
A journal article with 2 authors
Etienne-Manneville, S., & Hall, A. (2003). Cdc42 regulates GSK-3beta and adenomatous polyposis coli to control cell polarity. Nature, 421(6924), 753–756.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jönsson, T. J., Johnson, L. C., & Lowther, W. T. (2008). Structure of the sulphiredoxin-peroxiredoxin complex reveals an essential repair embrace. Nature, 451(7174), 98–101.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Muñoz, J., Felicísimo, A. M., Cabezas, F., Burgaz, A. R., & Martínez, I. (2004). Wind as a long-distance dispersal vehicle in the Southern Hemisphere. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5674), 1144–1147.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Heitz, E., & Kreysa, G. (2005). Grundlagen der Technischen Elektrochemie. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Esquinas, A. M. (Ed.). (2010). Noninvasive Mechanical Ventilation: Theory, Equipment, and Clinical Applications. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Gonzalez, D., Elias, M., & Chabrière, E. (2014). The DING Family of Phosphate Binding Proteins in Inflammatory Diseases. In J. Camps (Ed.), Oxidative Stress and Inflammation in Non-communicable Diseases - Molecular Mechanisms and Perspectives in Therapeutics (pp. 27–32). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Management Science and Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, July 6). Five edible insects you really should try. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1970). Utilization of Consultants and Experts (B-168033). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rahmani, M. (2017). On the calculation of time-domain impulse-response of systems from band-limited scattering-parameters using wavelet transform [Doctoral dissertation]. Mississippi State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017, September 26). Bugs. New York Times, C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smith, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Etienne-Manneville & Hall, 2003; Smith, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Etienne-Manneville & Hall, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Jönsson et al., 2008)
  • 6 or more authors: (Muñoz et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Management Science and Engineering
ISSN (print)2096-2320

Other styles