How to format your references using the Journal of Laboratory Automation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Laboratory Automation (JALA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sethna, J. P. Materials Science. Crackling Wires. Science 2007, 318, 207–208.
A journal article with 2 authors
Esmaeili-Rad, M. R.; Salahuddin, S. High Performance Molybdenum Disulfide Amorphous Silicon Heterojunction Photodetector. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 2345.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rohatgi, R.; Milenkovic, L.; Scott, M. P. Patched1 Regulates Hedgehog Signaling at the Primary Cilium. Science 2007, 317, 372–376.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Minokoshi, Y.; Kim, Y.-B.; Peroni, O. D.; et al. Leptin Stimulates Fatty-Acid Oxidation by Activating AMP-Activated Protein Kinase. Nature 2002, 415, 339–343.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Corley, R. H. V.; Tinker, P. B. The Oil Palm; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2015.
An edited book
Educating “Good” Citizens in a Globalising World for the Twenty-First Century; Print, M.; Tan, C., Eds.; Civic and Political Education; SensePublishers: Rotterdam, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
van der Sloot, B.; Zuiderveen Borgesius, F. Google and Personal Data Protection. In Google and the Law: Empirical Approaches to Legal Aspects of Knowledge-Economy Business Models; Lopez-Tarruella, A., Ed.; Information Technology and Law Series; T. M. C. Asser Press: The Hague, The Netherlands, 2012; pp. 75–111.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Laboratory Automation.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Meet The Man With Two Functioning Penises (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Trade Adjustment Assistance: Labor Awarded Community College Grants in Accordance with Requirements, but Needs to Improve Its Process; GAO-12-954; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Oparnica, D. The Role of Nurses in Health Care Reform: A Project Report. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum, M. M. Washington Reality Show Stripped of Its Protagonist. New York Times, 2017, A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Laboratory Automation
ISSN (print)2211-0682
ISSN (online)1540-2452

Other styles