How to format your references using the Journal of Laboratory Automation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Laboratory Automation (JALA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Boulton, G. Open Your Minds and Share Your Results. Nature 2012, 486, 441.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lubin, D.; Vogelmann, A. M. A Climatologically Significant Aerosol Longwave Indirect Effect in the Arctic. Nature 2006, 439, 453–456.
A journal article with 3 authors
Saá, P.; Castilla, J.; Soto, C. Presymptomatic Detection of Prions in Blood. Science 2006, 313, 92–94.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Faham, S.; Watanabe, A.; Besserer, G. M.; et al. The Crystal Structure of a Sodium Galactose Transporter Reveals Mechanistic Insights into Na+/Sugar Symport. Science 2008, 321, 810–814.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tissue, B. M. Basics of Analytical Chemistry and Chemical Equilibria; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2013.
An edited book
Speech Technology: Theory and Applications; Chen, F., Ed.; Springer US: Boston, MA, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Lee, H.-K. J.; Yun, Y.-M.; Yoon, K.-H.; et al. Design of Automatic Paper Identification System with QR Code for Digital Forensics. In Mobile, Ubiquitous, and Intelligent Computing: MUSIC 2013; Park, J. J. (jong H.; Adeli, H.; Park, N.; et al., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2014; pp. 25–30.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Laboratory Automation.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. “Wow! Signal” Was Likely The Radio Emission Of A Comet (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. [Comments on DOD Data Center Consolidation Plan]; B-256497; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ficchi, G. A Qualitative Inquiry: Parental Approaches and Expectations, What Role Does Disability Play? Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona: Tucson, AZ, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. The ‘Coolest Man’ Heads to the Library. New York Times, 2017, C21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Laboratory Automation
ISSN (print)2211-0682
ISSN (online)1540-2452

Other styles