How to format your references using the Journal of Laboratory Automation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Laboratory Automation (JALA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Duyk, G. Attrition and Translation. Science 2003, 302, 603–605.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hodas, N. O.; Lerman, K. The Simple Rules of Social Contagion. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 4343.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stephens, D. W.; McLinn, C. M.; Stevens, J. R. Discounting and Reciprocity in an Iterated Prisoner’s Dilemma. Science 2002, 298, 2216–2218.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kalchenko, V.; Israeli, D.; Kuznetsov, Y.; et al. Transcranial Optical Vascular Imaging (TOVI) of Cortical Hemodynamics in Mouse Brain. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 5839.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rider, M. J. Design and Analysis of Mechanisms; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2015.
An edited book
Complex Systems in Finance and Econometrics; Meyers, R. A., Ed.; Springer: New York, NY, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Layer, E.; Tomczyk, K. Model Development. In Measurements, Modelling and Simulation of Dynamic Systems; Tomczyk, K., Ed.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010; pp. 83–126.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Laboratory Automation.

Blog post
Taub, B. New Technology Uses Wi-Fi Signals To See Through Walls (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. NATO: Progress Toward More Mobile and Deployable Forces; NSIAD-99-229; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wilson, M. W. Angels in Tinseltown: Health Insurance, Hormone Use, and HIV among Transgender Women in Los Angeles. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. Cafe Borgia, Like Its Beat Heyday And Lucrezia Herself, Is History. New York Times, 2001, 145.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Laboratory Automation
ISSN (print)2211-0682
ISSN (online)1540-2452

Other styles