How to format your references using the Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Adams, W.M., 2014. Conservation. The value of valuing nature. Science 346, 549–551.
A journal article with 2 authors
Frede, J., Jones, P.H., 2013. Development. Permission to proliferate. Science 342, 1183–1184.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fried, S.I., Münch, T.A., Werblin, F.S., 2002. Mechanisms and circuitry underlying directional selectivity in the retina. Nature 420, 411–414.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chen, K., Hirst, J., Camba, R., Bonagura, C.A., Stout, C.D., Burgess, B.K., Armstrong, F.A., 2000. Atomically defined mechanism for proton transfer to a buried redox centre in a protein. Nature 405, 814–817.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pétrowski, A., Ben-Hamida, S., 2017. Evolutionary Algorithms. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Prince-Embury, S., Saklofske, D.H. (Eds.), 2014. Resilience Interventions for Youth in Diverse Populations, The Springer Series on Human Exceptionality. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Jan, Y., Jozwiak, L., 2009. CABAC Accelerator Architectures for Video Compression in Future Multimedia: A Survey, in: Bertels, K., Dimopoulos, N., Silvano, C., Wong, S. (Eds.), Embedded Computer Systems: Architectures, Modeling, and Simulation: 9th International Workshop, SAMOS 2009, Samos, Greece, July 20-23, 2009. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 24–35.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2015. Dead Fjord Brought To Life With Oxygen Pumps [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2003. Joint Strike Fighter Acquisition: Cooperative Program Needs Greater Oversight to Ensure Goals Are Met (No. GAO-03-775). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Elder, R., 2015. A Mixed-Method Investigation of the Missouri Pre-Service Teacher Assessment Pilot Program at a Private Midwestern University (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B., 2017. Vanishing Patricians, and Then What? New York Times C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Adams, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Adams, 2014; Frede and Jones, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Frede and Jones, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries
AbbreviationJ. Loss Prev. Process Ind.
ISSN (print)0950-4230
ScopeFood Science
General Chemical Engineering
Management Science and Operations Research
Energy Engineering and Power Technology
Control and Systems Engineering
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

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