How to format your references using the Journal of Logical and Algebraic Methods in Programming citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Logical and Algebraic Methods in Programming. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
L. Putterman, Behavioural economics: A caring majority secures the future, Nature. 511 (2014) 165–166.
A journal article with 2 authors
M.W. Vaughn, R. Martienssen, It’s a small RNA world, after all, Science. 309 (2005) 1525–1526.
A journal article with 3 authors
C.A. Rychert, K.M. Fischer, S. Rondenay, A sharp lithosphere-asthenosphere boundary imaged beneath eastern North America, Nature. 436 (2005) 542–545.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
N.-N. Song, H.-T. Yang, H.-L. Liu, X. Ren, H.-F. Ding, X.-Q. Zhang, Z.-H. Cheng, Exceeding natural resonance frequency limit of monodisperse Fe(3)O(4) nanoparticles via superparamagnetic relaxation, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 3161.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. Courant, E.J. McShane, Differential and Integral Calculus, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 1988.
An edited book
P.S. Tappia, N.S. Dhalla, eds., Phospholipases in Health and Disease, Springer, New York, NY, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
J.-Q. Lu, A.W. Clark, Tumor-to-Tumor Metastasis: Extracranial Tumor Metastatic to Intracranial Tumors, in: M.A. Hayat (Ed.), Tumors of the Central Nervous System, Volume 3: Brain Tumors (Part 1), Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2011: pp. 35–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Logical and Algebraic Methods in Programming.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Device Gives Real-Time Look at Cancer Metastasis, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Internal Revenue Service: Results of Review of IRS Spending for Business Systems Modernization, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C.A. Wistrom, Perceptions of School Leaders Regarding the Benefits of Leadership Dashboards, Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Qiu, Fact Check: What Trump Got Wrong at His Rally, New York Times. (2017) A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Logical and Algebraic Methods in Programming
ISSN (print)2352-2208
ScopeSociology and Political Science
Cultural Studies
Political Science and International Relations

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