How to format your references using the Journal of Logical and Algebraic Methods in Programming citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Logical and Algebraic Methods in Programming. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R.A. Kerr, SAVING KYOTO: Can the Kyoto Climate Treaty Be Saved From Itself?, Science. 290 (2000) 920–921.
A journal article with 2 authors
S.E. Trumbore, J.B. Gaudinski, Atmospheric science. The secret lives of roots, Science. 302 (2003) 1344–1345.
A journal article with 3 authors
N.D. Holland, L.Z. Holland, P.W.H. Holland, Scenarios for the making of vertebrates, Nature. 520 (2015) 450–455.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
F. Gabbiani, H.G. Krapp, C. Koch, G. Laurent, Multiplicative computation in a visual neuron sensitive to looming, Nature. 420 (2002) 320–324.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. Ramirez, Accounting for Derivatives, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2015.
An edited book
E. Rosenberg, E.F. DeLong, S. Lory, E. Stackebrandt, F. Thompson, eds., The Prokaryotes: Prokaryotic Biology and Symbiotic Associations, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
H. Okuda, A. Nakano, T. Suzuki, S. Hayakawa, S. Inagaki, Multilayer Modeling of Driver Behavior Based on Hierarchical Mode Segmentation, in: J.H.L. Hansen, P. Boyraz, K. Takeda, H. Abut (Eds.), Digital Signal Processing for In-Vehicle Systems and Safety, Springer, New York, NY, 2012: pp. 57–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Logical and Algebraic Methods in Programming.

Blog post
R. Andrews, Wildlife Photographer Of The Year 2016 Captures The Jaw-Dropping Awesomeness Of The Natural World, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Gallaudet College and the National Technical Institute for the Deaf, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1985.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S. McKinney, An analysis of the influence of No Child Left Behind and Arizona Learns on middle -school principal leadership behaviors and responsibilities, Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M.M. Grynbaum, Washington Reality Show Stripped of Its Protagonist, New York Times. (2017) A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Logical and Algebraic Methods in Programming
ISSN (print)2352-2208
ScopeSociology and Political Science
Cultural Studies
Political Science and International Relations

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