How to format your references using the Journal of Logic and Algebraic Programming citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Logic and Algebraic Programming. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R.J.D. Miller, Femtosecond crystallography with ultrabright electrons and x-rays: capturing chemistry in action, Science. 343 (2014) 1108–1116.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. Cichon, W.-B. Gan, Branch-specific dendritic Ca(2+) spikes cause persistent synaptic plasticity, Nature. 520 (2015) 180–185.
A journal article with 3 authors
K. Yashiro, H. Shiratori, H. Hamada, Haemodynamics determined by a genetic programme govern asymmetric development of the aortic arch, Nature. 450 (2007) 285–288.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. Vos, P.J. Birkett, E. Birch, R.I. Griffiths, A. Buckling, Local adaptation of bacteriophages to their bacterial hosts in soil, Science. 325 (2009) 833.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Liautaud, Breaking Through, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ, 2016.
An edited book
R. Nambiar, M. Poess, eds., Performance Evaluation and Benchmarking: Traditional to Big Data to Internet of Things: 7th TPC Technology Conference, TPCTC 2015, Kohala Coast, HI, USA, August 31 – September 4, 2015. Revised Selected Papers, 1st ed. 2016, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
J. Tournois, P. Alliez, O. Devillers, Interleaving Delaunay Refinement and Optimization for 2D Triangle Mesh Generation, in: M.L. Brewer, D. Marcum (Eds.), Proceedings of the 16th International Meshing Roundtable, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008: pp. 83–101.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Logic and Algebraic Programming.

Blog post
R. Andrews, We Finally Know Why People Are Left- Or Right-Handed, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Federal Health Care: Increased Information System Sharing Could Improve Service, Reduce Costs, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. Stevenson, Differences in physical activity behavior between insulin using diabetics versus non-insulin using diabetics, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
E. St. John Kelly, PLAYING IN THE NEIGHBORHOOD, New York Times. (1993) 1318.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Logic and Algebraic Programming
AbbreviationJ. Log. Algebr. Program.
ISSN (print)1567-8326
ScopeComputational Theory and Mathematics
Theoretical Computer Science

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