How to format your references using the Journal of Logic and Algebraic Programming citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Logic and Algebraic Programming. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
E. Pennisi, Beetle horns and book writing, Science. 350 (2015) 1578.
A journal article with 2 authors
R.A. Dunn, F. Martinez, Contrasting crustal production and rapid mantle transitions beneath back-arc ridges, Nature. 469 (2011) 198–202.
A journal article with 3 authors
T.M. Lenton, H.J. Schellnhuber, E. Szathmáry, Climbing the co-evolution ladder, Nature. 431 (2004) 913.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M.A. Schumacher, A.F. Rivard, H.P. Bächinger, J.P. Adelman, Structure of the gating domain of a Ca2+-activated K+ channel complexed with Ca2+/calmodulin, Nature. 410 (2001) 1120–1124.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Chaskalson, The Mindful Workplace, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2011.
An edited book
H.P. Attarian, Atlas of Electroencephalography in Sleep Medicine, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
B.-M. Toussaint, V. Luengo, Mining Surgery Phase-Related Sequential Rules from Vertebroplasty Simulations Traces, in: J.H. Holmes, R. Bellazzi, L. Sacchi, N. Peek (Eds.), Artificial Intelligence in Medicine: 15th Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Medicine, AIME 2015, Pavia, Italy, June 17-20, 2015. Proceedings, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015: pp. 35–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Logic and Algebraic Programming.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Huge Exploding Stars can be Powered by the Strongest Magnets, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, National Aeronautics and Space Administration: Significant Actions Needed to Address Long-standing Financial Management Problems, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S.J. Washburn, The Epiphytic Macrolichens of the Greater Cincinnati, Ohio, Metropolitan Area, Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati, 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Poniewozik, The President Changes His Tone, if Not His Tune, New York Times. (2017) A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Logic and Algebraic Programming
AbbreviationJ. Log. Algebr. Program.
ISSN (print)1567-8326
ScopeComputational Theory and Mathematics
Theoretical Computer Science

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