How to format your references using the IEICE Transactions on Communications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEICE Transactions on Communications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. J. Binney, “Astronomy. Triangulating the galaxy,” Science, vol.311, no. 5757, pp.44–45, Jan. 2006.
A journal article with 2 authors
B. B. Lowell and B. M. Spiegelman, “Towards a molecular understanding of adaptive thermogenesis,” Nature, vol.404, no. 6778, pp.652–660, Apr. 2000.
A journal article with 3 authors
O. Pornillos, B. K. Ganser-Pornillos, and M. Yeager, “Atomic-level modelling of the HIV capsid,” Nature, vol.469, no. 7330, pp.424–427, Jan. 2011.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
H.-P. Gerber, A. K. Malik, G. P. Solar, D. Sherman, X. H. Liang, G. Meng, K. Hong, J. C. Marsters, and N. Ferrara, “VEGF regulates haematopoietic stem cell survival by an internal autocrine loop mechanism,” Nature, vol.417, no. 6892, pp.954–958, Jun. 2002.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
H. L. Hirsch, Essential Communication Strategies for Scientists, Engineers, and Technology Professionals. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2005.
An edited book
J. Gould, K. Hoelmer, and J. Goolsby, Eds., Classical Biological Control of Bemisia tabaci in the United States - A Review of Interagency Research and Implementation, vol.4. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
P. Brézillon, “A Context-Centered Architecture for Intelligent Assistant Systems,” in Innovations in Intelligent Machines-4: Recent Advances in Knowledge Engineering, C. Faucher and L. C. Jain, eds. Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014, pp.103–127.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEICE Transactions on Communications.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “The Keystone XL Pipeline Debate Is Over, But Our Infrastructure Needs Are Not,” IFLScience,, accessed Oct. 30. 2018. .


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Proprietary Schools: Stronger Department of Education Oversight Needed to Help Ensure Only Eligible Students Receive Federal Student Aid,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-09-600, Aug. 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S. J. Kingsley, “Preschool teachers’ perceptions of factors influencing their referral decisions for young children with severe behavior problems,” Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
C. Kelly, “From Misfit With Blog To Author With Deal,” New York Times, p.A31B, 06-May-2012.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEICE Transactions on Communications
ISSN (print)0916-8516
ISSN (online)1745-1345
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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