How to format your references using the IEICE Transactions on Communications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEICE Transactions on Communications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
G. Bowen, “Hydrology: The diversified economics of soil water,” Nature, vol.525, no. 7567, pp.43–44, Sep. 2015.
A journal article with 2 authors
M. Tahir and U. Schwingenschlögl, “Valley polarized quantum Hall effect and topological insulator phase transitions in silicene,” Sci. Rep., vol.3, p.1075, Jan. 2013.
A journal article with 3 authors
N. K. Mal, M. Fujiwara, and Y. Tanaka, “Photocontrolled reversible release of guest molecules from coumarin-modified mesoporous silica,” Nature, vol.421, no. 6921, pp.350–353, Jan. 2003.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
T. Sugiura, H. Ogawa, N. Fukuda, and T. Moriguchi, “Changes in the taste and textural attributes of apples in response to climate change,” Sci. Rep., vol.3, p.2418, 2013.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Robson Wright, An Introduction to Chemical Kinetics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2005.
An edited book
S. Katsikides and P. I. Koktsidis, Eds., Societies in Transition: Economic, Political and Security Transformations in Contemporary Europe. Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
A.-K. Hermansson, I. Paciello, and M. L. Bernardini, “The Orchestra and Its Maestro: Shigella’s Fine-Tuning of the Inflammasome Platforms,” in Inflammasome Signaling and Bacterial Infections, S. Backert, ed. Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016, pp.91–115.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEICE Transactions on Communications.

Blog post
T. Hale, “This Web Tool Uses Your Social Media Activity To Predict Your Past, Present, And Future,” IFLScience. .


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Proprietary School Compliance With Requirements of the Pell Grant Program,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 127542, Aug. 1985.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
F. Mahrenholz, “The emergence, growth, and challenges of online learning,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Ratliff, “Take the Familiar and Try to Add Adventure,” New York Times, p.C5, 07-Aug-2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEICE Transactions on Communications
ISSN (print)0916-8516
ISSN (online)1745-1345
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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