How to format your references using the IEICE Transactions on Communications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEICE Transactions on Communications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P. Lipton, “Testing hypotheses: prediction and prejudice,” Science, vol.307, no. 5707, pp.219–221, Jan. 2005.
A journal article with 2 authors
J.-X. Cheng and X. S. Xie, “Vibrational spectroscopic imaging of living systems: An emerging platform for biology and medicine,” Science, vol.350, no. 6264, p.aaa8870, Nov. 2015.
A journal article with 3 authors
R. T. Pinker, B. Zhang, and E. G. Dutton, “Do satellites detect trends in surface solar radiation?,” Science, vol.308, no. 5723, pp.850–854, May 2005.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
P. I. Kitov, J. M. Sadowska, G. Mulvey, G. D. Armstrong, H. Ling, N. S. Pannu, R. J. Read, and D. R. Bundle, “Shiga-like toxins are neutralized by tailored multivalent carbohydrate ligands,” Nature, vol.403, no. 6770, pp.669–672, Feb. 2000.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. C.-H. Li, RF Circuit Design. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2008.
An edited book
D. L. Poston and M. Micklin, Eds., Handbook of Population. Springer US, Boston, MA, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
L. Huber, F. Range, and Z. Virányi, “Dog Imitation and Its Possible Origins,” in Domestic Dog Cognition and Behavior: The Scientific Study of Canis familiaris, A. Horowitz, ed. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2014, pp.79–100.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEICE Transactions on Communications.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Genetically Engineered Bacteria Could Help Tackle Obesity,” IFLScience,, accessed Oct. 30. 2018. .


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Human Resources Information Systems Issue Area: Active Assignments,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, AA-95-34(4), Oct. 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C. A. Oldham, “An investigation of genre and grammatical positioning in an online community,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. M. Chapman and S. Saulny, “A Tragedy in Detroit, With a Reality TV Crew in Tow,” New York Times, p.A8, 22-May-2010.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEICE Transactions on Communications
ISSN (print)0916-8516
ISSN (online)1745-1345
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Other styles