How to format your references using the Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Spinrad, N. (2000). New ice age, or just cold feet? Nature, 405(6787), 623.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lavik, E., & Ustin, J. (2012). Medicine. Leveraging shear stress to bust clots with nanoparticles. Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6095), 658–659.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fiorillo, C. D., Tobler, P. N., & Schultz, W. (2003). Discrete coding of reward probability and uncertainty by dopamine neurons. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5614), 1898–1902.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hilgenkamp, H., Ariando, Smilde, H.-J. H., Blank, D. H. A., Rijnders, G., Rogalla, H., … Tsuei, C. C. (2003). Ordering and manipulation of the magnetic moments in large-scale superconducting pi-loop arrays. Nature, 422(6927), 50–53.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sagolla, D. (2009). 140 Characters. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Cigna, A. A., & Durante, M. (Eds.). (2006). Radiation Risk Estimates in Normal and Emergency Situations. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Di Caprio, U., & Abram, M. R. (2016). Towards the Study of New Nuclear Energies. In G. Minati, M. R. Abram, & E. Pessa (Eds.), Towards a Post-Bertalanffy Systemics (pp. 53–64). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2013, October 25). Researchers have been able to produce the first experimental pulse-generation of a single-particle electron. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2016). DOD Major Automated Information Systems: Improvements Can Be Made in Reporting Critical Changes and Clarifying Leadership Responsibility (No. GAO-16-336). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rees, C. L. (2009). A systems-level investigation into the genetic determinants of childhood-onset schizophrenia (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. (2008, August 17). Graduation Rates Rise, and Bar Is Raised. New York Times, p. LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
AbbreviationAppl. Biochem. Biotechnol.
ISSN (print)0273-2289
ISSN (online)1559-0291
Molecular Biology
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
General Medicine

Other styles