How to format your references using the Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dalton, R. (2005). California stem-cell institute fights legal challenges. Nature, 435(7042), 544.
A journal article with 2 authors
Boone, C., & Andrews, B. J. (2015). HUMAN GENOME. The indispensable genome. Science (New York, N.Y.), 350(6264), 1028–1029.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rankenburg, K., Brandon, A. D., & Neal, C. R. (2006). Neodymium isotope evidence for a chondritic composition of the Moon. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5778), 1369–1372.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhang, Y.-J., Han, W., Xia, Y.-J., Cao, J.-P., & Fan, H. (2014). Quantum speed limit for arbitrary initial states. Scientific reports, 4, 4890.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ugeux, G. (2014). International Finance Regulation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Iliadis, L., Maglogiannis, I., & Papadopoulos, H. (Eds.). (2012). Artificial Intelligence Applications and Innovations: 8th IFIP WG 12.5 International Conference, AIAI 2012, Halkidiki, Greece, September 27-30, 2012, Proceedings, Part I (Vol. 381). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hirz, M., Dietrich, W., Gfrerrer, A., & Lang, J. (2013). Modeling Techniques in CAD. In W. Dietrich, A. Gfrerrer, & J. Lang (Eds.), Integrated Computer-Aided Design in Automotive Development: Development Processes, Geometric Fundamentals, Methods of CAD, Knowledge-Based Engineering Data Management (pp. 241–308). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016, October 20). Unsustainable Hunting Of Wild Mammals Is Driving Them To The Edge Of Extinction. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1972). Administration of the Head Start Program by the Mountain Community Action Program, Inc (No. B-164031(1)). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kratchman, J. (2017). Predicting Chronic Non-Cancer Toxicity Levels from Short-Term Toxicity Data (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, S. (2016, August 28). Unseen Ingredients: Cash, and Lots of Time. New York Times, p. WE9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
AbbreviationAppl. Biochem. Biotechnol.
ISSN (print)0273-2289
ISSN (online)1559-0291
Molecular Biology
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
General Medicine

Other styles