How to format your references using the Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blaaderen, A. van. (2003). Chemistry. Colloidal molecules and beyond. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5632), 470–471.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rader, D. J., & Daugherty, A. (2008). Translating molecular discoveries into new therapies for atherosclerosis. Nature, 451(7181), 904–913.
A journal article with 3 authors
Denholm, I., Devine, G. J., & Williamson, M. S. (2002). Evolutionary genetics. Insecticide resistance on the move. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5590), 2222–2223.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Gottesman, M. M., Shmookler, S. R., Oppenheimer, S. B., & Dolce, J. W. (2000). Math and science education: training the teachers. Science (New York, N.Y.), 290(5490), 273b.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Crowl, D. A. (2003). Understanding Explosions. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Sengupta, A. (2013). Productivity, Separability and Deprivation: A Study on Female Workers in the Indian Informal Service Sector. (S. K. Datta & S. Mondal, Eds.). New Delhi: Springer India.
A chapter in an edited book
Suzuki, M., & Yamaguchi, K. (2016). Recognition of E-Born PDF Including Mathematical Formulas. In K. Miesenberger, C. Bühler, & P. Penaz (Eds.), Computers Helping People with Special Needs: 15th International Conference, ICCHP 2016, Linz, Austria, July 13-15, 2016, Proceedings, Part I (pp. 35–42). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2015, October 8). Researchers Grow Mini-Kidneys In The Lab. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2003). Trends in State Capital Investment in Highways, an E-supplement to GAO-03-744R (No. GAO-03-915SP). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Howard-Skipper, J. (2014). Leadership that promotes teacher empowerment among urban middle school science teachers (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. (1992, July 23). THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: A Photo Opportunity; Serendipity or Not, Truck Full of Spuds Becomes a Star. New York Times, p. A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
AbbreviationAppl. Biochem. Biotechnol.
ISSN (print)0273-2289
ISSN (online)1559-0291
Molecular Biology
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
General Medicine

Other styles