How to format your references using the Journal of Genetics and Genomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Genetics and Genomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hayes, F., 2003. Toxins-antitoxins: plasmid maintenance, programmed cell death, and cell cycle arrest. Science 301, 1496–1499.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bullock, S.L., Ish-Horowicz, D., 2001. Conserved signals and machinery for RNA transport in Drosophila oogenesis and embryogenesis. Nature 414, 611–616.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hanna, R.A., Campbell, R.L., Davies, P.L., 2008. Calcium-bound structure of calpain and its mechanism of inhibition by calpastatin. Nature 456, 409–412.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Toyoshima, C., Nakasako, M., Nomura, H., Ogawa, H., 2000. Crystal structure of the calcium pump of sarcoplasmic reticulum at 2.6 A resolution. Nature 405, 647–655.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Durbin, P.A., Reif, B.A.P., 2010. Statistical Theory and Modeling for Turbulent Flows. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Dym, H., Kaashoek, M.A., Lancaster, P., Langer, H., Lerer, L. (Eds.), 2012. A Panorama of Modern Operator Theory and Related Topics: The Israel Gohberg Memorial Volume, Operator Theory: Advances and Applications. Springer, Basel.
A chapter in an edited book
Castilla, G., Hay, G.J., 2008. Image objects and geographic objects, in: Blaschke, T., Lang, S., Hay, Geoffrey J. (Eds.), Object-Based Image Analysis: Spatial Concepts for Knowledge-Driven Remote Sensing Applications, Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 91–110.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Genetics and Genomics.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016. There’s A Type Of Nerve Cell That Does Nothing Except Give You Nipple Erections [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2011. Department of Energy: Advanced Technology Vehicle Loan Program Needs Enhanced Oversight and Performance Measures (No. GAO-11-745T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Emmerling-Baker, D., 2017. A Qualitative Interpretive Phenomenological Study of K5 Teacher Perceptions of Classroom Empathy Instruction (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson, M., 2017. Albee Estate Rejects Bid to Cast Black Actor. New York Times C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hayes, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Bullock and Ish-Horowicz, 2001; Hayes, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bullock and Ish-Horowicz, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Toyoshima et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Genetics and Genomics
AbbreviationJ. Genet. Genomics
ISSN (print)1673-8527
Molecular Biology

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