How to format your references using the Journal of Genetics and Genomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Genetics and Genomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Coe, H., 2011. Atmospheric science. Aerosol chemistry and the Deepwater Horizon spill. Science 331, 1273–1274.
A journal article with 2 authors
Grimmer, M.R., Costello, J.F., 2016. Cancer: Oncogene brought into the loop. Nature 529, 34–35.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rignot, E., Mouginot, J., Scheuchl, B., 2011. Ice flow of the Antarctic ice sheet. Science 333, 1427–1430.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Nath, U., Crawford, B.C.W., Carpenter, R., Coen, E., 2003. Genetic control of surface curvature. Science 299, 1404–1407.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Padgett, S., 2014. Profiling the Fraudster. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Murgante, B., Gervasi, O., Misra, S., Nedjah, N., Rocha, A.M.A.C., Taniar, D., Apduhan, B.O. (Eds.), 2012. Computational Science and Its Applications – ICCSA 2012: 12th International Conference, Salvador de Bahia, Brazil, June 18-21, 2012, Proceedings, Part I, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Vashchenko, V., Scholz, M., 2014. Latch-up at System-Level Stress, in: Scholz, M. (Ed.), System Level ESD Protection. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 199–245.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Genetics and Genomics.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015. US Beekeepers Lost 40% Of Bees Last Year Alone [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1973. Contracts Awarded to Aero Spacelines, Inc., for Airlift Outsized Cargo (No. B-146804). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vatankhah, I., 2017. Purification of Industrial Grade Urea for diesel exhaust pollution reduction (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Eligon, J., 2017. A Black-and-White Issue. New York Times AR1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Coe, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Coe, 2011; Grimmer and Costello, 2016).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Grimmer and Costello, 2016)
  • Three or more authors: (Nath et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Genetics and Genomics
AbbreviationJ. Genet. Genomics
ISSN (print)1673-8527
Molecular Biology

Other styles