How to format your references using the Journal of Genetics and Genomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Genetics and Genomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Friedman, N., 2004. Inferring cellular networks using probabilistic graphical models. Science 303, 799–805.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rose, C., Wright, G., 2004. Inscribed matter as an energy-efficient means of communication with an extraterrestrial civilization. Nature 431, 47–49.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gunanathan, C., Ben-David, Y., Milstein, D., 2007. Direct synthesis of amides from alcohols and amines with liberation of H2. Science 317, 790–792.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Borgia, A., Borgia, M.B., Bugge, K., Kissling, V.M., Heidarsson, P.O., Fernandes, C.B., Sottini, A., Soranno, A., Buholzer, K.J., Nettels, D., Kragelund, B.B., Best, R.B., Schuler, B., 2018. Extreme disorder in an ultrahigh-affinity protein complex. Nature 555, 61–66.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Guochao, Q., Shuyu, T., Min, Z., Chun, J., 2014. The Environment and Landscape in Motorway Design. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Grigoriev, Y.N., 2010. Symmetries of Integro-Differential Equations: With Applications in Mechanics and Plasma Physics, Lecture Notes in Physics. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Kim, R., Albert, L.R., 2015. Knowledge for Teaching Mathematics Category I: Mathematics Curriculum Knowledge, in: Albert, L.R. (Ed.), Mathematics Teaching and Learning: South Korean Elementary Teachers’ Mathematical Knowledge for Teaching. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 63–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Genetics and Genomics.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016. This Fish Can Survive Crazy Levels Of Pollution Thanks To Rapid Evolution [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2013. Pipeline Safety: Better Data and Guidance Could Improve Operators’ Responses to Incidents (No. GAO-13-284T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Patil, A.V., 2017. Programming QR code scanner, communicating Android devices, and unit testing in fortified cards (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M., 1992. THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: A Photo Opportunity; Serendipity or Not, Truck Full of Spuds Becomes a Star. New York Times A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Friedman, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Friedman, 2004; Rose and Wright, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rose and Wright, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Borgia et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Genetics and Genomics
AbbreviationJ. Genet. Genomics
ISSN (print)1673-8527
Molecular Biology

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