How to format your references using the Journal of Genetics and Genomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Genetics and Genomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chast, F., 2006. Obituary: Pierre Potier (1934-2006). Nature 440, 291.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zou, Z., Buck, L.B., 2006. Combinatorial effects of odorant mixes in olfactory cortex. Science 311, 1477–1481.
A journal article with 3 authors
Johnson, P.T.J., de Roode, J.C., Fenton, A., 2015. Why infectious disease research needs community ecology. Science 349, 1259504.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Pauly, N., Knight, M.R., Thuleau, P., van der Luit, A.H., Moreau, M., Trewavas, A.J., Ranjeva, R., Mazars, C., 2000. Control of free calcium in plant cell nuclei. Nature 405, 754–755.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kulkarni, S., Harman, G., 2011. An Elementary Introduction to Statistical Learning Theory: Kulkarni/Statistical Learning Theory, Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Denti, L.G., 2012. Rattling Chains: Exploring Social Justice in Education, Transgressions, Cultural Studies and Education. SensePublishers, Rotterdam.
A chapter in an edited book
Schönthaler, F., Vossen, G., Oberweis, A., Karle, T., 2012. The Horus Method, in: Vossen, G., Oberweis, A., Karle, T. (Eds.), Business Processes for Business Communities: Modeling Languages, Methods, Tools. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 61–136.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Genetics and Genomics.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. Powdered Alcohol Is Now Legal In The USA [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2007. Implementation of the Beach Act of 2000: EPA and States Have Made Progress, but Additional Actions Could Improve Public Health Protection (No. GAO-07-1043T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Luscinski, A., 2017. Best Practices in Adult Online Learning (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cowley, S., 2016. Wells Fargo Workers Claim Retaliation for Playing by the Rules. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chast, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Chast, 2006, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zou and Buck, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Pauly et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Genetics and Genomics
AbbreviationJ. Genet. Genomics
ISSN (print)1673-8527
Molecular Biology

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