How to format your references using the Journal of Genetics and Genomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Genetics and Genomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wehrli, B., 2013. Biogeochemistry: Conduits of the carbon cycle. Nature 503, 346–347.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yang, J., Reth, M., 2010. Oligomeric organization of the B-cell antigen receptor on resting cells. Nature 467, 465–469.
A journal article with 3 authors
Butler, S.J., Vickery, J.A., Norris, K., 2007. Farmland biodiversity and the footprint of agriculture. Science 315, 381–384.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Nunes, S.S., Maijub, J.G., Krishnan, L., Ramakrishnan, V.M., Clayton, L.R., Williams, S.K., Hoying, J.B., Boyd, N.L., 2013. Generation of a functional liver tissue mimic using adipose stromal vascular fraction cell-derived vasculatures. Sci. Rep. 3, 2141.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wen, S., Huang, P., 2017. Principles of Tribology. John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd., Singapore.
An edited book
Lippmann, R., Kirda, E., Trachtenberg, A. (Eds.), 2008. Recent Advances in Intrusion Detection: 11th International Symposium, RAID 2008, Cambridge, MA, USA, September 15-17, 2008. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Fallahpour, M., Megías, D., 2009. Reversible Data Hiding Based On H.264/AVC Intra Prediction, in: Kim, H.-J., Katzenbeisser, S., Ho, A.T.S. (Eds.), Digital Watermarking: 7th International Workshop, IWDW 2008, Busan, Korea, November 10-12, 2008. Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 52–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Genetics and Genomics.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016. What Happens If You Add Molten Aluminum To Dry Ice and Liquid Nitrogen? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2006. Telecommunications: Challenges to Assessing and Improving Telecommunications for Native Americans on Tribal Lands (No. GAO-06-513T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Oduntan, A., 2017. The Rheological Study of the Effects of Surfactant and Hydrophilic Bentonite Nano clay on Oil in Water Emulsions for Enhanced Oil Recovery (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chapman, M.M., 2011. A Year in the Slow Lane in a ’30 Ford. New York Times AU1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wehrli, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Wehrli, 2013; Yang and Reth, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yang and Reth, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Nunes et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Genetics and Genomics
AbbreviationJ. Genet. Genomics
ISSN (print)1673-8527
Molecular Biology

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