How to format your references using the Journal of Genetics and Genomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Genetics and Genomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McKinney, J.C., 2012. Astronomy. Probing black hole gravity. Science 337, 916–917.
A journal article with 2 authors
Leslie, N.R., Brunton, V.G., 2013. Cell biology. Where is PTEN? Science 341, 355–356.
A journal article with 3 authors
Keppler, H., Wiedenbeck, M., Shcheka, S.S., 2003. Carbon solubility in olivine and the mode of carbon storage in the Earth’s mantle. Nature 424, 414–416.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mayorga, E., Aufdenkampe, A.K., Masiello, C.A., Krusche, A.V., Hedges, J.I., Quay, P.D., Richey, J.E., Brown, T.A., 2005. Young organic matter as a source of carbon dioxide outgassing from Amazonian rivers. Nature 436, 538–541.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cayuela Valencia, R., 2013. The Future of the Chemical Industry by 2050. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Sun, Q.P., Tong, P. (Eds.), 2006. IUTAM Symposium on Size Effects on Material and Structural Behavior at Micron- and Nano-Scales: Proceedings of the IUTAM Symposium held in Hong Kong, China, 31 May–4 June, 2004. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Anzalone, S.M., Chetouani, M., 2013. Tracking Posture and Head Movements of Impaired People During Interactions with Robots, in: Petrosino, A., Maddalena, L., Pala, P. (Eds.), New Trends in Image Analysis and Processing – ICIAP 2013: ICIAP 2013 International Workshops, Naples, Italy, September 9-13, 2013. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 41–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Genetics and Genomics.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2017. Amazing Finding Of Dunes On Rosetta’s Comet [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997. Aviation Security: Posting Notices at Domestic Airports (No. RCED-97-88R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Machula, M., 2014. Understanding and Predicting Teachers’ Knowledge of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S., 2011. A Festival in Red Square For the End of Summer. New York Times TR2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McKinney, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Leslie and Brunton, 2013; McKinney, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Leslie and Brunton, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Mayorga et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Genetics and Genomics
AbbreviationJ. Genet. Genomics
ISSN (print)1673-8527
Molecular Biology

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