How to format your references using the Journal of Genetics and Genomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Genetics and Genomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Qiu, J., 2007. China tightens up. Nature 448, 636–637.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kruglyak, L., Stern, D.L., 2007. Evolution. An embarrassment of switches. Science 317, 758–759.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gu, C., Jan, Y.N., Jan, L.Y., 2003. A conserved domain in axonal targeting of Kv1 (Shaker) voltage-gated potassium channels. Science 301, 646–649.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Dean, S., Marchetti, R., Kirk, K., Matthews, K.R., 2009. A surface transporter family conveys the trypanosome differentiation signal. Nature 459, 213–217.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mack, I., 2014. Energy Trading and Risk Management. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Xiao, T., Zhang, L., Fei, M. (Eds.), 2012. AsiaSim 2012: Asia Simulation Conference 2012, Shanghai, China, October 27-30, 2012. Proceedings, Part II, Communications in Computer and Information Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Cleophas, T.J., Zwinderman, A.H., 2012. Log Likelihood Ratio Tests for Safety Data Analysis, in: Zwinderman, A.H. (Ed.), Statistics Applied to Clinical Studies. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 61–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Genetics and Genomics.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2015. Why Do Cats Love Boxes So Much? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997. Telecommunications Management: More Effort Needed by Interior and the Forest Service to Achieve Savings (No. AIMD-97-67). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sevier, J., 2013. A preventative and treatment substance use program for GLBT adolescents in Long Beach: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K., 2006. The Best of Brazil. New York Times NJ6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Qiu, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Kruglyak and Stern, 2007; Qiu, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kruglyak and Stern, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Dean et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Genetics and Genomics
AbbreviationJ. Genet. Genomics
ISSN (print)1673-8527
Molecular Biology

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