How to format your references using the Journal of Genetics and Genomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Genetics and Genomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain, C., 2015. Change the cancer conversation. Nature 520, 7.
A journal article with 2 authors
O’Sullivan, D., Pearce, E.L., 2015. Immunology. Expanding the role of metabolism in T cells. Science 348, 976–977.
A journal article with 3 authors
Grima, J.N., Attard, D., Gatt, R., 2011. Materials science. Unusual thermoelastic properties of methanol monohydrate. Science 331, 687–688.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Rabosky, D.L., Chang, J., Title, P.O., Cowman, P.F., Sallan, L., Friedman, M., Kaschner, K., Garilao, C., Near, T.J., Coll, M., Alfaro, M.E., 2018. An inverse latitudinal gradient in speciation rate for marine fishes. Nature 559, 392–395.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Juhnke, G.A., Granello, D.H., Granello, P.F., 2010. Suicide, Self-Injury, and Violence in the Schools. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Hollo, E.J., Kulovesi, K., Mehling, M. (Eds.), 2013. Climate Change and the Law, Ius Gentium: Comparative Perspectives on Law and Justice. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Brown, R.T., 2006. Managing Pediatric Pain at School, in: Finley, G.A., McGrath, P.J., Chambers, C.T. (Eds.), Bringing Pain Relief to Children: Treatment Approaches. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp. 113–129.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Genetics and Genomics.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2014. Fern Gene Has Strange And Sexy Origins [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1980. Comments on S. 1961, a Bill Cited as the “Higher Education Amendments of 1980” (No. B-197030). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schroeder, M., 2017. Investigating the Learnability of a Rogue Grammar: Null Subject Parameter Resetting in Second Language Acquisition (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K., 2001. A New Battleground for an Old War: The Internet. New York Times 1410.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macilwain, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Macilwain, 2015; O’Sullivan and Pearce, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (O’Sullivan and Pearce, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Rabosky et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Genetics and Genomics
AbbreviationJ. Genet. Genomics
ISSN (print)1673-8527
Molecular Biology

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