How to format your references using the Journal of King Saud University - Languages and Translation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of King Saud University - Languages and Translation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pulverer, B., 2010. Transparency showcases strength of peer review. Nature 468, 29–31.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mettetal, J.T., van Oudenaarden, A., 2007. Microbiology. Necessary noise. Science 317, 463–464.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jaramillo, C., Rueda, M.J., Mora, G., 2006. Cenozoic plant diversity in the neotropics. Science 311, 1893–1896.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Greenbaum, D.C., Baruch, A., Grainger, M., Bozdech, Z., Medzihradszky, K.F., Engel, J., DeRisi, J., Holder, A.A., Bogyo, M., 2002. A role for the protease falcipain 1 in host cell invasion by the human malaria parasite. Science 298, 2002–2006.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sheldrake, A.L., 2005. Handbook of Electrical Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Nardi, A.E., Freire, R.C.R. (Eds.), 2016. Panic Disorder: Neurobiological and Treatment Aspects. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Andersen, M.L., Baumans, V., 2016. Euthanasia, in: Andersen, M.L., Tufik, S. (Eds.), Rodent Model as Tools in Ethical Biomedical Research. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 39–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of King Saud University - Languages and Translation.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Trial Suggests Medical Marijuana Could Offer Hope For Children With Severe Epilepsy [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2000. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs: Distribution of Fiscal Year 2000 Indian Reservation Roads Funds (No. OGC-00-39). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dickinson, S., 2013. Best practices in integrating acquisitions (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Castle, S., 2017. Britain Initiates ‘Brexit,’ Wading Into Thorny Divorce From E.U. New York Times A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pulverer, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Mettetal and van Oudenaarden, 2007; Pulverer, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mettetal and van Oudenaarden, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Greenbaum et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of King Saud University - Languages and Translation
ISSN (print)2210-8319

Other styles