How to format your references using the Journal of King Saud University - Languages and Translation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of King Saud University - Languages and Translation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Korgel, B.A., 2004. Materials science. Self-assembled nanocoils. Science 303, 1308–1309.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ganopolski, A., Rahmstorf, S., 2001. Rapid changes of glacial climate simulated in a coupled climate model. Nature 409, 153–158.
A journal article with 3 authors
Trainor, P.A., Ariza-McNaughton, L., Krumlauf, R., 2002. Role of the isthmus and FGFs in resolving the paradox of neural crest plasticity and prepatterning. Science 295, 1288–1291.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Weiss, L.A., Arking, D.E., Gene Discovery Project of Johns Hopkins & the Autism Consortium, Daly, M.J., Chakravarti, A., 2009. A genome-wide linkage and association scan reveals novel loci for autism. Nature 461, 802–808.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Equipment Testing Procedures Committee, 2002. Centrifugal Pumps (Newtonian Liquids). John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Lenaerts, B., 2009. Omnidirectional Inductive Powering for Biomedical Implants, Analog Circuits and Signal Processing. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Bonatti, P.A., Faella, M., Sauro, L., 2010. $\mathcal{EL}$ with Default Attributes and Overriding, in: Patel-Schneider, P.F., Pan, Y., Hitzler, P., Mika, P., Zhang, L., Pan, J.Z., Horrocks, I., Glimm, B. (Eds.), The Semantic Web – ISWC 2010: 9th International Semantic Web Conference, ISWC 2010, Shanghai, China, November 7-11, 2010, Revised Selected Papers, Part I, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 64–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of King Saud University - Languages and Translation.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2014. Dual Stars Sculpting the Eta Carinae Nebula [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997. Surface Transportation: Prospects for Innovation Through Research, Intelligent Transportation Systems, State Infrastructure Banks, and Design-Build Contracting (No. T-RCED-97-83). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jenrich, M.A., 2017. “To treat her as a woman”: African American women and respectability in New York, 1860-1890 (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bernstein, J., Spielberg, B., 2017. Medicaid Work Rules Won’t Work. New York Times A25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Korgel, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Ganopolski and Rahmstorf, 2001; Korgel, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ganopolski and Rahmstorf, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Weiss et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of King Saud University - Languages and Translation
ISSN (print)2210-8319

Other styles