How to format your references using the Journal of King Saud University - Languages and Translation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of King Saud University - Languages and Translation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chapman, T., 2004. Starting from scratch. Nature 430, 113.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gudmundsson, A., Mohajeri, N., 2013. Entropy and order in urban street networks. Sci. Rep. 3, 3324.
A journal article with 3 authors
Boyd, O.S., Jones, C.H., Sheehan, A.F., 2004. Foundering lithosphere imaged beneath the southern Sierra Nevada, California, USA. Science 305, 660–662.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Dubrova, Y.E., Bersimbaev, R.I., Djansugurova, L.B., Tankimanova, M.K., Mamyrbaeva, Z.Z., Mustonen, R., Lindholm, C., Hultén, M., Salomaa, S., 2002. Nuclear weapons tests and human germline mutation rate. Science 295, 1037.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wu, Z., 2007. Software VNA and Microwave Network Design and Characterisation. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Pătruţ, B., Pătruţ, M. (Eds.), 2014. Social Media in Politics: Case Studies on the Political Power of Social Media, Public Administration and Information Technology. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Lesniewski, P., Bartoszewicz, A., 2014. LQ Optimal Control of Periodic Review Perishable Inventories with Transportation Losses, in: Swiątek, J., Grzech, A., Swiątek, P., Tomczak, J.M. (Eds.), Advances in Systems Science: Proceedings of the International Conference on Systems Science 2013 (ICSS 2013), Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 45–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of King Saud University - Languages and Translation.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016. This Super-Realistic 3D Printed Body Is Helping Train Surgeons [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1987. Findings on Current AFDC Work Programs and Implications for Pending Legislation (No. T-HRD-87-12). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sanghvi, A.M., 2009. Characterization of algal biomeal for applications in food (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dominus, S., 2015. Double Lives. New York Times MM34.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chapman, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Chapman, 2004; Gudmundsson and Mohajeri, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gudmundsson and Mohajeri, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Dubrova et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of King Saud University - Languages and Translation
ISSN (print)2210-8319

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