How to format your references using the Journal of King Saud University - Languages and Translation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of King Saud University - Languages and Translation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Middelburg, J.J., 2015. Oceanography. Escape by dilution. Science 348, 290.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ferrara, N., Kerbel, R.S., 2005. Angiogenesis as a therapeutic target. Nature 438, 967–974.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yabuta, N.H., Sawatari, A., Callaway, E.M., 2001. Two functional channels from primary visual cortex to dorsal visual cortical areas. Science 292, 297–300.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tomita, S., Adesnik, H., Sekiguchi, M., Zhang, W., Wada, K., Howe, J.R., Nicoll, R.A., Bredt, D.S., 2005. Stargazin modulates AMPA receptor gating and trafficking by distinct domains. Nature 435, 1052–1058.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Boillot, M., 2014. Advanced Smart Grids for Distribution System Operators: Volume 1. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Scaioni, M. (Ed.), 2015. Modern Technologies for Landslide Monitoring and Prediction, Springer Natural Hazards. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Neubauer, T., Kolb, M., 2009. An Evaluation of Technologies for the Pseudonymization of Medical Data, in: Lee, R., Hu, G., Miao, H. (Eds.), Computer and Information Science 2009, Studies in Computational Intelligence. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 47–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of King Saud University - Languages and Translation.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016. WWF Plans To Buy Shark Fishing Licenses So No One Else Can Use Them [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1989. Federal Research: Determination of the Best Qualified Sites for DOE’s Super Collider (No. RCED-89-18). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tripamer, A.J., 2013. Teacher Perceptions of Teacher Evaluations in the Fort Zumwalt School District (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly, E., 2001. You Won’t Believe This, But Marcia Brady Is in Prada. New York Times G3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Middelburg, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Ferrara and Kerbel, 2005; Middelburg, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ferrara and Kerbel, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Tomita et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of King Saud University - Languages and Translation
ISSN (print)2210-8319

Other styles