How to format your references using the Journal of King Saud University - Languages and Translation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of King Saud University - Languages and Translation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P., 2002. A decisive effort? Nature 418, 3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Robinson, J.P., Roederer, M., 2015. HISTORY OF SCIENCE. Flow cytometry strikes gold. Science 350, 739–740.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xu, L., Yin, M.-L., Liu, S.F., 2014. Ag(x)@WO₃ core-shell nanostructure for LSP enhanced chemical sensors. Sci. Rep. 4, 6745.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ogunseitan, O.A., Schoenung, J.M., Saphores, J.-D.M., Shapiro, A.A., 2009. Science and regulation. The electronics revolution: from e-wonderland to e-wasteland. Science 326, 670–671.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yanni, S.B., 2015. Translational ADMET for Drug Therapy. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Granström, J.G., 2011. Treatise on Intuitionistic Type Theory, Logic, Epistemology, and the Unity of Science. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Miquel-Martí, V., Sordé-Martí, T., 2008. A New Understanding of Globalization: The Case of the Romà, in: Zajda, J., Biraimah, K., Gaudelli, W. (Eds.), Education and Social Inequality in the Global Culture. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 57–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of King Saud University - Languages and Translation.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2015. Turkish Lake Has Turned Blood Red [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2007. Transportation Security: DHS Efforts to Eliminate Redundant Background Check Investigations (No. GAO-07-756). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Grizzel, R.E., 2010. Three choral works by Dr. James Mobberley—the analysis rehearsal, and performance of “Poem to Ease Birth”, “Lullaby”, and “Spring: O Sparrow” (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, B., 2016. Evacuation Ends, Leaving Aleppo in Government Hands. New York Times A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Robinson and Roederer, 2015; Smaglik, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Robinson and Roederer, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Ogunseitan et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of King Saud University - Languages and Translation
ISSN (print)2210-8319

Other styles