How to format your references using the Journal of King Saud University - Languages and Translation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of King Saud University - Languages and Translation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hasinger, G., 2000. Peeking into the obscured universe. Nature 404, 443, 445–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rivenbark, A.G., Strahl, B.D., 2007. Molecular biology. Unlocking cell fate. Science 318, 403–404.
A journal article with 3 authors
Achlioptas, D., Naor, A., Peres, Y., 2005. Rigorous location of phase transitions in hard optimization problems. Nature 435, 759–764.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lu, Q.-B., Wo, Y., Wang, L.-Y., Wang, H.-Y., Huang, D.-D., Zhang, X.-A., Liu, W., Cao, W.-C., 2014. Molecular epidemiology of human rhinovirus in children with acute respiratory diseases in Chongqing, China. Sci. Rep. 4, 6686.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Levin, M.A., Kalal, T.T., 2005. Improving Product Reliability. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Schomburg, D., Schomburg, I. (Eds.), 2006. Springer Handbook of Enzymes: Class 1 · Oxidoreductases X EC 1.9–1.13, Second Edition. ed, Springer Handbook of Enzymes. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Luepschen, H., Leonhardt, S., Putensen, C., 2010. Measuring Stroke Volume Using Electrical Impedance Tomography, in: Vincent, J.-L. (Ed.), Intensive Care Medicine. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 46–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of King Saud University - Languages and Translation.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2017. Fossils Of Ancient “Wolf-Sized” Otter Discovered In China [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1996. Information Technology: Best Practices Can Improve Performance and Produce Results (No. T-AIMD-96-46). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schlumbrecht, C.E., 2015. Do Negative Experiences Influence Substance Use in Adolescent Males and Females? (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear, M.D., Nixon, R., 2017. More Immigrants Face Deportation Under New Rules. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hasinger, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Hasinger, 2000; Rivenbark and Strahl, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rivenbark and Strahl, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Lu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of King Saud University - Languages and Translation
ISSN (print)2210-8319

Other styles