How to format your references using the Journal of King Saud University - Languages and Translation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of King Saud University - Languages and Translation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Colliex, C., 2015. Applied physics. Taking temperature at the nanoscale. Science 347, 611–612.
A journal article with 2 authors
Droser, M.L., Gehling, J.G., 2008. Synchronous aggregate growth in an abundant new Ediacaran tubular organism. Science 319, 1660–1662.
A journal article with 3 authors
Savaldi-Goldstein, S., Peto, C., Chory, J., 2007. The epidermis both drives and restricts plant shoot growth. Nature 446, 199–202.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Leishman, A.J., Naidenko, O.V., Attinger, A., Koning, F., Lena, C.J., Xiong, Y., Chang, H.C., Reinherz, E., Kronenberg, M., Cheroutre, H., 2001. T cell responses modulated through interaction between CD8alphaalpha and the nonclassical MHC class I molecule, TL. Science 294, 1936–1939.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sugirtharajah, R.S., 2011. Exploring Postcolonial Biblical Criticism. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Catalano, O., 2009. Fundamentals in Oncologic Ultrasound: Sonographic Imaging and Intervention in the Cancer Patient. Springer, Milano.
A chapter in an edited book
Muramatsu, A., Kanie, K., 2006. Mechanistic Study on Formation of Iron Hydroxides and Oxides with FT-IR and UV Photospectroscopy, in: Waseda, Y., Suzuki, S. (Eds.), Characterization of Corrosion Products on Steel Surfaces. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 51–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of King Saud University - Languages and Translation.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2017. The US Air Force’s Secret Space Plane Just Returned To Earth [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999. National Airspace System: Observations on American Airlines’ 1997 Study of Future Air Traffic Congestion (No. RCED-99-66R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Borgman, G.A., 2017. Loneliness and the Hermitic Psyche (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W., 2016. Team of 7 From Finance and Law to Oversee Puerto Rico’s Fiscal Affairs. New York Times B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Colliex, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Colliex, 2015; Droser and Gehling, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Droser and Gehling, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Leishman et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of King Saud University - Languages and Translation
ISSN (print)2210-8319

Other styles