How to format your references using the Antioxidants & Redox Signaling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Antioxidants & Redox Signaling. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Scarpa R. Volcanology. Predicting volcanic eruptions. Science 293: 615–616, 2001.
A journal article with 2 authors
Field CB and Barros VR. CLIMATE CHANGE. Added value from IPCC approval sessions. Science 350: 36, 2015.
A journal article with 3 authors
Quinto-Su PA, Suzuki M, and Ohl C-D. Fast temperature measurement following single laser-induced cavitation inside a microfluidic gap. Sci Rep 4: 5445, 2014.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Néda Z, Ravasz E, Brechet Y, Vicsek T, and Barabási AL. The sound of many hands clapping. Nature 403: 849–850, 2000.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Praetorius S and Schößer B. Bentonithandbuch. Berlin, Germany, Wilhelm Ernst & Sohn, Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG, 2016.
An edited book
Aiguier M, Boulanger F, Krob D, and Marchal C (Eds). Complex Systems Design & Management: Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Complex Systems Design & Management CSD&M 2013. Cham, Springer International Publishing, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Nallagatla VP and Chandran V. Sequential Fusion Using Correlated Decisions for Controlled Verification Errors. In: Computer Analysis of Images and Patterns: 14th International Conference, CAIP 2011, Seville, Spain, August 29-31, 2011, Proceedings, Part II, edited by Real P, Diaz-Pernil D, Molina-Abril H, Berciano A and Kropatsch W. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, 2011, pp. 49–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Antioxidants & Redox Signaling.

Blog post
Fang J. Lack of Food Competition May Explain the Diversity of African Savanna Herbivores. IFLScience. October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Needs of the U.S. Coast Guard in Developing an Effective Recreational Boating Safety Program. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1976.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Luna M. A Case Study of the Influence of Multipurpose Spaces on Campus Life at an Institution of Art and Design.2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum MM. Wall Street Journal’s Editor in Chief Admonishes Reporters Over Trump Coverage. New York Times: B7, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (3, 4).
This sentence cites four references (3, 6–8).

About the journal

Full journal titleAntioxidants & Redox Signaling
ISSN (print)1523-0864
ISSN (online)1557-7716

Other styles