How to format your references using the Antioxidants & Redox Signaling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Antioxidants & Redox Signaling. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rachman S. Cleaning damned spots from the obsessive mind. Nature 503: 7, 2013.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mittal S and Hafezi M. Materials science: Round the bend with microwaves. Nature 522: 292–293, 2015.
A journal article with 3 authors
Richards-Kortum R, Gray LV, and Oden M. IBI* series winner. Engaging undergraduates in global health technology innovation. Science 336: 430–431, 2012.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gierasch PJ, Ingersoll AP, Banfield D, Ewald SP, Helfenstein P, Simon-Miller A, Vasavada A, Breneman HH, and Senske DA. Observation of moist convection in Jupiter’s atmosphere. Galileo Imaging Team. Nature 403: 628–630, 2000.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hadjsaïd N and Sabonnadière J-C. Power Systems and Restructuring.Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2013.
An edited book
Pattnaik J (Ed). Father Involvement in Young Children’s Lives: A Global Analysis.Dordrecht, Springer Netherlands, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Bershadsky A, Bozhday A, Burukina I, Gudkov P, and Gudkov A. Concept of Complex Infrastructure Territory for Solving Problems of Integration Intersectoral Statistics. In: Knowledge-Based Software Engineering: 11th Joint Conference, JCKBSE 2014, Volgograd, Russia, September 17-20, 2014. Proceedings, edited by Kravets A, Shcherbakov M, Kultsova M and Iijima T. Cham, Springer International Publishing, 2014, pp. 49–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Antioxidants & Redox Signaling.

Blog post
Carpineti A. Do You Know Which Organ This Is? IFLScience. October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Administration of Payroll Matters for Civilian Employees, Marine Corps Development and Education Command.Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1970.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rossi G. Anesthesiology, geriatric surgery, and the risk of post-operative cognitive dysfunction.2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S. David Sarkisyan, 62, Moscow Preservationist. New York Times: A25, 2010.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (3, 4).
This sentence cites four references (4, 5, 7, 8).

About the journal

Full journal titleAntioxidants & Redox Signaling
ISSN (print)1523-0864
ISSN (online)1557-7716

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