How to format your references using the Antioxidants & Redox Signaling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Antioxidants & Redox Signaling. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Murzin AG. Biochemistry. DNA building block reinvented. Science 297: 61–62, 2002.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yadlapalli S and Yamashita YM. Chromosome-specific nonrandom sister chromatid segregation during stem-cell division. Nature 498: 251–254, 2013.
A journal article with 3 authors
McDougall I, Brown FH, and Fleagle JG. Stratigraphic placement and age of modern humans from Kibish, Ethiopia. Nature 433: 733–736, 2005.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Liu X, Zhang Y, Goswami DK, Okasinski JS, Salaita K, Sun P, Bedzyk MJ, and Mirkin CA. The controlled evolution of a polymer single crystal. Science 307: 1763–1766, 2005.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ponniah P. Data Warehousing Fundamentals for it Professionals. Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2010.
An edited book
Bartocci C, Betti R, Guerraggio A, and Lucchetti R (Eds). Vite matematiche: Protagonisti del’ 900 da Hilbert a Wiles. Milano, Springer, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Syed MN, Principe JC, and Pardalos PM. Correntropy in Data Classification. In: Dynamics of Information Systems: Mathematical Foundations, edited by Sorokin A, Murphey R, Thai MT and Pardalos PM. New York, NY, Springer, 2012, pp. 81–117.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Antioxidants & Redox Signaling.

Blog post
Andrew E. Watch What Happens When You Insert A Coin Into Dry Ice. IFLScience. October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Railroad Safety: DOT Faces Challenges in Improving Grade Crossing Safety, Track Inspection Standards, and Passenger Car Safety. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rojas A. ASD: A family approach curriculum.2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Justices to Hear Exxon’s Challenge to Punitive Damages. New York Times: C5, 2007.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (2, 4).
This sentence cites four references (5–8).

About the journal

Full journal titleAntioxidants & Redox Signaling
ISSN (print)1523-0864
ISSN (online)1557-7716

Other styles