How to format your references using the Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Coontz, Robert. 2012. “Mysteries of Astronomy.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 336 (6085): 1090.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stegemann, Sandra, and Ralph Bock. 2009. “Exchange of Genetic Material between Cells in Plant Tissue Grafts.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 324 (5927): 649–651.
A journal article with 3 authors
Suma, Kohsuke, Yoshihiro Sumiyoshi, and Yasuki Endo. 2006. “The Rotational Spectrum of the Water-Hydroperoxy Radical (H2O-HO2) Complex.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 311 (5765): 1278–1281.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Soares, Bárbara Ribeiro, Ana Paula Almeida Souza, Deboraci Brito Prates, Camila I. de Oliveira, Manoel Barral-Netto, José Carlos Miranda, and Aldina Barral. 2013. “Seroconversion of Sentinel Chickens as a Biomarker for Monitoring Exposure to Visceral Leishmaniasis.” Scientific Reports 3: 2352.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grimes, Roger A. 2017. Hacking the Hacker. Indianapolis, Indiana: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Chbeir, Richard, and Bechara Al Bouna, eds. 2013. Security and Privacy Preserving in Social Networks. Lecture Notes in Social Networks. Vienna: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Williams, Nikki Wright Earl Claxton J. R. Lewis, and Tammy Paul. 2011. “Giving Voice to Science from Two Perspectives.” In Pacific CRYSTAL Centre for Science, Mathematics, and Technology Literacy: Lessons Learned, edited by Larry D. Yore, Eileen Van der Flier-Keller, David W. Blades, Timothy W. Pelton, and David B. Zandvliet, 67–82. Rotterdam: SensePublishers.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Trial Shows Cough Medicine Ingredient Could Help Treat Diabetes.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2000. Pipeline Safety: The Office of Pipeline Safety Is Changing How It Oversees the Pipeline Industry. RCED-00-128. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shaw, Robert M. 2012. “The Influence of Organizational Culture on Employee Attitudes towards Information Security Policy.” Doctoral dissertation, Minneapolis, MN: Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, Ben. 2017. “Assault Claims Lead N.F.L. To Suspend Cowboys’ Elliott.” New York Times, August 11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Coontz 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Coontz 2012; Stegemann and Bock 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stegemann and Bock 2009)
  • Three authors: (Suma, Sumiyoshi, and Endo 2006)
  • 4 or more authors: (Soares et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Intervention and Statebuilding
ISSN (print)1750-2977
ISSN (online)1750-2985
Political Science and International Relations

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