How to format your references using the Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sigl, G. 2001. “Ultrahigh-Energy Cosmic Rays: Physics and Astrophysics at Extreme Energies.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 291 (5501): 73–79.
A journal article with 2 authors
Keller, Georg B., and Richard H. R. Hahnloser. 2009. “Neural Processing of Auditory Feedback during Vocal Practice in a Songbird.” Nature 457 (7226): 187–190.
A journal article with 3 authors
Abdenur, Roberto, Liz Palmer, and Gary Milhollin. 2005. “Brazil’s Nuclear Activities.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 307 (5711): 847–851.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Gu, Meng, Xing-Cheng Xiao, Gao Liu, Suntharampillai Thevuthasan, Donald R. Baer, Ji-Guang Zhang, Jun Liu, Nigel D. Browning, and Chong-Min Wang. 2014. “Mesoscale Origin of the Enhanced Cycling-Stability of the Si-Conductive Polymer Anode for Li-Ion Batteries.” Scientific Reports 4 (January): 3684.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brown, Marie Annette, and Louise Kaplan. 2012. The Advanced Practice Registered Nurse as a Prescriber. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Karuri, Kingshuk. 2011. Application Analysis Tools for ASIP Design: Application Profiling and Instruction-Set Customization. Edited by Rainer Leupers. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Lousame, Fabián P., and Eduardo Sánchez. 2009. “A Taxonomy of Collaborative-Based Recommender Systems.” In Web Personalization in Intelligent Environments, edited by Giovanna Castellano, Lakhmi C. Jain, and Anna Maria Fanelli, 81–117. Studies in Computational Intelligence. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding.

Blog post
Carpineti, Alfredo. 2016. “Physicists Record Atomic Event With Trillionth Of A Billionth Of A Second Precision.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2009. Information Technology: Actions Needed to Fully Establish Program Management Capability for VA’s Financial and Logistics Initiative. GAO-10-40. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Melhorn, Susan J. 2009. “The Microstructure of Food Intake under Conditions of High-Fat Diet, Social Stress and Social Subordination.” Doctoral dissertation, Cincinnati, OH: University of Cincinnati.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, Ben. 2017. “A Rested Williams Shakes Off the Rust.” New York Times, January 3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sigl 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Sigl 2001; Keller and Hahnloser 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Keller and Hahnloser 2009)
  • Three authors: (Abdenur, Palmer, and Milhollin 2005)
  • 4 or more authors: (Gu et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Intervention and Statebuilding
ISSN (print)1750-2977
ISSN (online)1750-2985
Political Science and International Relations

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