How to format your references using the Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Frood, Arran. 2010. “Technology: A Flavour of the Future.” Nature 468 (7327): S21-2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Blagosklonny, Mikhail V., and Arthur B. Pardee. 2002. “Conceptual Biology: Unearthing the Gems.” Nature 416 (6879): 373.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pascalis, Olivier, Michelle de Haan, and Charles A. Nelson. 2002. “Is Face Processing Species-Specific during the First Year of Life?” Science (New York, N.Y.) 296 (5571): 1321–1323.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Söllner, Christian, Gerd-Jörg Rauch, Jan Siemens, Robert Geisler, Stephan C. Schuster, Ulrich Müller, Teresa Nicolson, and Tübingen 2000 Screen Consortium. 2004. “Mutations in Cadherin 23 Affect Tip Links in Zebrafish Sensory Hair Cells.” Nature 428 (6986): 955–959.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bass, Frank. 2013. Guide to the Census. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Donnelly, K. C., and Leslie H. Cizmas, eds. 2006. Environmental Health in Central and Eastern Europe. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Galtung, Johan, and Dietrich Fischer. 2013. “Cultural Violence.” In Johan Galtung: Pioneer of Peace Research, edited by Dietrich Fischer, 41–58. SpringerBriefs on Pioneers in Science and Practice. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding.

Blog post
Hale, Tom. 2016. “What’s The Science Behind Optical Illusions?” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1988. Engineering Research Centers: NSF Program Management and Industry Sponsorship. RCED-88-177. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Saxena, Mamta. 2010. “Learner Analysis Framework for Globalized E-Learning.” Doctoral dissertation, Minneapolis, MN: Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson, Michael, and Sophia Kishkovsky. 2015. “Play About Oscar Wilde Runs Afoul of Kremlin.” New York Times, June 22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Frood 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Frood 2010; Frood 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Blagosklonny and Pardee 2002)
  • Three authors: (Pascalis, de Haan, and Nelson 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Söllner et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Intervention and Statebuilding
ISSN (print)1750-2977
ISSN (online)1750-2985
Political Science and International Relations

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