How to format your references using the Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lloyd, S. 2001. “Quantum Computing. Computation from Geometry.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 292 (5522): 1669.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hashizume, Ko, and Marc Chaussidon. 2005. “A Non-Terrestrial 16O-Rich Isotopic Composition for the Protosolar Nebula.” Nature 434 (7033): 619–622.
A journal article with 3 authors
Reznick, David N., Mariana Mateos, and Mark S. Springer. 2002. “Independent Origins and Rapid Evolution of the Placenta in the Fish Genus Poeciliopsis.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 298 (5595): 1018–1020.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Gurnett, D. A., A. M. Persoon, W. S. Kurth, J. B. Groene, T. F. Averkamp, M. K. Dougherty, and D. J. Southwood. 2007. “The Variable Rotation Period of the Inner Region of Saturn’s Plasma Disk.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 316 (5823): 442–445.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nazarov, Veniamin E., and Andrey V. Radostin. 2014. Nonlinear Acoustic Waves in Micro-Inhomogeneous Solids. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Wang, Tzai-Der, Xiaodong Li, Shu-Heng Chen, Xufa Wang, Hussein Abbass, Hitoshi Iba, Guo-Liang Chen, and Xin Yao, eds. 2006. Simulated Evolution and Learning: 6th International Conference, SEAL 2006, Hefei, China, October 15-18, 2006. Proceedings. Vol. 4247. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Taylor, Stuart A., and Steve Halligan. 2008. “Evacuation Proctography and Dynamic Cystoproctography.” In Imaging Pelvic Floor Disorders, edited by Stuart A. Taylor and John O. L. DeLancey, 61–73. Medical Radiology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, Jonathan. 2017. “Scientists Just Dealt A Major Blow To The Search For Life.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2004. Computer-Based Patient Records: VA and DOD Efforts to Exchange Health Data Could Benefit from Improved Planning and Project Management. GAO-04-687. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ladd, Ronald Joshua. 2014. “A Study of Alternative Education Programs in the State of Missouri.” Doctoral dissertation, St. Charles, MO: Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Landler, Mark, Eric Schmitt, and Michael R. Gordon. 2017. “Businessmen Get a Say on Afghan War Strategy.” New York Times, July 11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lloyd 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Lloyd 2001; Hashizume and Chaussidon 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hashizume and Chaussidon 2005)
  • Three authors: (Reznick, Mateos, and Springer 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Gurnett et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Intervention and Statebuilding
ISSN (print)1750-2977
ISSN (online)1750-2985
Political Science and International Relations

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