How to format your references using the Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jonas, David M. 2003. “Chemistry. Optical Analogs of 2D NMR.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 300 (5625): 1515–1517.
A journal article with 2 authors
Galonić, Danica P., and David Y. Gin. 2007. “Chemical Glycosylation in the Synthesis of Glycoconjugate Antitumour Vaccines.” Nature 446 (7139): 1000–1007.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bloom, Jesse D., Lizhi Ian Gong, and David Baltimore. 2010. “Permissive Secondary Mutations Enable the Evolution of Influenza Oseltamivir Resistance.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 328 (5983): 1272–1275.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Gohle, Christoph, Thomas Udem, Maximilian Herrmann, Jens Rauschenberger, Ronald Holzwarth, Hans A. Schuessler, Ferenc Krausz, and Theodor W. Hänsch. 2005. “A Frequency Comb in the Extreme Ultraviolet.” Nature 436 (7048): 234–237.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bays, Daniel H. 2011. A New History of Christianity in China. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Commisso, Trine Hald, Jacob Nørbjerg, and Jan Pries-Heje, eds. 2014. Nordic Contributions in IS Research: 5th Scandinavian Conference on Information Systems, SCIS 2014, Ringsted, Denmark, August 10-13, 2014. Proceedings. Vol. 186. Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Kramann, Guido. 2013. “Darwinian Pianos: Realtime Composition Based on Competitive Evolutionary Process.” In Evolutionary and Biologically Inspired Music, Sound, Art and Design: Second International Conference, EvoMUSART 2013, Vienna, Austria, April 3-5, 2013. Proceedings, edited by Penousal Machado, James McDermott, and Adrian Carballal, 37–46. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, Jonathan. 2016. “SpaceX Has Delayed Its First Manned Launch To 2018.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2010. Aviation Safety: Icing and Winter Weather-Related Recommendations That NTSB Has Issued Since 1996 (GAO-10-679SP), an E-Supplement to (GAO-10-678). GAO-10-679SP. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Holvick-Norton, Taryn. 2015. “Becoming Whole: The Process of Individuation for Women and Their Bodies.” Doctoral dissertation, Carpinteria, CA: Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, Robert. 2000. “The New Southern Male.” New York Times, November 5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jonas 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Jonas 2003; Galonić and Gin 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Galonić and Gin 2007)
  • Three authors: (Bloom, Gong, and Baltimore 2010)
  • 4 or more authors: (Gohle et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Intervention and Statebuilding
ISSN (print)1750-2977
ISSN (online)1750-2985
Political Science and International Relations

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