How to format your references using the Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rosenberg, Andrew A. 2007. “Fishing for Certainty.” Nature 449 (7165): 989.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rykaczewski, Ryan R., and John P. Dunne. 2011. “A Measured Look at Ocean Chlorophyll Trends.” Nature 472 (7342): E5-6; discussion E8-9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lemieux, C., C. Otis, and M. Turmel. 2000. “Ancestral Chloroplast Genome in Mesostigma Viride Reveals an Early Branch of Green Plant Evolution.” Nature 403 (6770): 649–652.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Xu, G., M. Cirilli, Y. Huang, R. L. Rich, D. G. Myszka, and H. Wu. 2001. “Covalent Inhibition Revealed by the Crystal Structure of the Caspase-8/P35 Complex.” Nature 410 (6827): 494–497.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wolf, Edward L., and Manasa Medikonda. 2012. Understanding the Nanotechnology Revolution. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Rozbruch, S. Robert, and Reggie c. Hamdy, eds. 2015. Limb Lengthening and Reconstruction Surgery Case Atlas: Trauma • Foot and Ankle. 1st ed. 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Granada, Miguel A. 2011. “Johannes Kepler and David Fabricius: Their Discussion on the Nova of 1604.” In Change and Continuity in Early Modern Cosmology, edited by Patrick J. Boner, 67–92. Archimedes. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Solar Fuels: How Planes And Cars Could Be Powered By The Sun.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1999. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: FAA Is Making Progress But Important Challenges Remain. T-AIMD/RCED-99-118. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sutton, Duncan L. 2015. “Alumni Perceptions of the Role of Field Education in Professional Preparation.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Waldstein, David. 2016. “Cleveland’s Renaissance Reaches the World Series.” New York Times, October 19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rosenberg 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Rosenberg 2007; Rykaczewski and Dunne 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rykaczewski and Dunne 2011)
  • Three authors: (Lemieux, Otis, and Turmel 2000)
  • 4 or more authors: (Xu et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Intervention and Statebuilding
ISSN (print)1750-2977
ISSN (online)1750-2985
Political Science and International Relations

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