How to format your references using the Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
England, John. 2010. “Canada Needs a Polar Policy.” Nature 463 (7278): 159.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bauleo, Pablo M., and Julio Rodríguez Martino. 2009. “The Dawn of the Particle Astronomy Era in Ultra-High-Energy Cosmic Rays.” Nature 458 (7240): 847–851.
A journal article with 3 authors
Khudiyev, Tural, Ersin Huseyinoglu, and Mehmet Bayindir. 2014. “Non-Resonant Mie Scattering: Emergent Optical Properties of Core-Shell Polymer Nanowires.” Scientific Reports 4 (April): 4607.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Piva, Paul G., Gino A. DiLabio, Jason L. Pitters, Janik Zikovsky, Moh’d Rezeq, Stanislav Dogel, Werner A. Hofer, and Robert A. Wolkow. 2005. “Field Regulation of Single-Molecule Conductivity by a Charged Surface Atom.” Nature 435 (7042): 658–661.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Peinado, Antonio M., and José C. Segura. 2006. Speech Recognition Over Digital Channels. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Dey, Bidit, Karim Sorour, and Raffaele Filieri, eds. 2016. ICTs in Developing Countries: Research, Practices and Policy Implications. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.
A chapter in an edited book
Lazzini, Simone, Luca Anselmi, Luca Lo Schiavo, and Anna Maria Falanga. 2014. “The Role of Information Systems to Support Performance Management in Public Administration: The Case of the Italian Regulatory Authority for the Energy Sector.” In Information Systems, Management, Organization and Control: Smart Practices and Effects, edited by Daniela Baglieri, Concetta Metallo, Cecilia Rossignoli, and Mario Pezzillo Iacono, 47–64. Lecture Notes in Information Systems and Organisation. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding.

Blog post
Taub, Ben. 2016. “Cannibal Squid Spotted Tearing Each Other To Pieces In California.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1988. FAA Appropriation Issues. T-RCED-88-35. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rice, Homer J. 2010. “Before the Storm: Evacuation Intention and Audience Segmentation.” Doctoral dissertation, Tampa, FL: University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, Linda. 2010. “Just Answer the Question.” New York Times, May 11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (England 2010).
This sentence cites two references (England 2010; Bauleo and Martino 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bauleo and Martino 2009)
  • Three authors: (Khudiyev, Huseyinoglu, and Bayindir 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Piva et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Intervention and Statebuilding
ISSN (print)1750-2977
ISSN (online)1750-2985
Political Science and International Relations

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