How to format your references using the Journal of International Migration and Integration citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of International Migration and Integration. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nikas, J. B. (2013). Inflammation and immune system activation in aging: a mathematical approach. Scientific reports, 3, 3254.
A journal article with 2 authors
Davis, P. M., & Jackson, D. D. (2011). Retrospective. Leon Knopoff (1925-2011). Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6023), 1400.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gouldstone, A., Van Vliet, K. J., & Suresh, S. (2001). Nanoindentation. Simulation of defect nucleation in a crystal. Nature, 411(6838), 656.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Shen, S., Zhou, J., Dong, C.-L., Hu, Y., Tseng, E. N., Guo, P., et al. (2014). Surface engineered doping of hematite nanorod arrays for improved photoelectrochemical water splitting. Scientific reports, 4, 6627.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Paterson, S., & Tobias, K. (2012). Atlas of ear diseases of the dog and cat. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,.
An edited book
Delgado, J. M. P. Q., & Barbosa de Lima, A. G. (Eds.). (2016). Drying and Energy Technologies (Vol. 63). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
German, J. (2009). Lead Time, Customers, and Technology: Technology Opportunities and Limits on the Rate of Deployment. In J. S. Cannon & D. Sperling (Eds.), Reducing Climate Impacts in the Transportation Sector (pp. 73–100). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of International Migration and Integration.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, August 25). Chimps Adapt to Life in Degraded, Human-Dominated Areas. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Domestic Aviation: Barriers to Entry Continue to Limit Benefits of Airline Deregulation (No. T-RCED-97-120). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jin, R. (2017). Graph-Based Rhythm Interpretation in Optical Music Recognition (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J. (2017, April 6). E!, a Mainstay on the Red Carpet, Buys the People’s Choice Awards. New York Times, p. B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nikas 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Davis and Jackson 2011; Nikas 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Davis and Jackson 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Shen et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of International Migration and Integration
AbbreviationJ. Int. Migr. Integr.
ISSN (print)1488-3473
ISSN (online)1874-6365
Cultural Studies

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