How to format your references using the Journal of International Migration and Integration citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of International Migration and Integration. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zimmerman, P. D. (2011). Science since 9/11: Homeland insecurity. Nature, 477(7363), 153–154.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kostarelos, K., & Novoselov, K. S. (2014). Materials science. Exploring the interface of graphene and biology. Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6181), 261–263.
A journal article with 3 authors
Usdin, M., Guillerm, M., & Chirac, P. (2006). Neglected tests for neglected patients. Nature, 441(7091), 283–284.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Honda, T., Lee, C.-Y., Yoshida-Kasikawa, M., Honjo, K., & Furukubo-Tokunaga, K. (2014). Induction of associative olfactory memory by targeted activation of single olfactory neurons in Drosophila larvae. Scientific reports, 4, 4798.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Boxer, H. (2014). Profitable Day and Swing Trading. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Beer, G., & Bordas, S. (Eds.). (2015). Isogeometric Methods for Numerical Simulation (1st ed., Vol. 561). Vienna: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Fernández-Jalvo, Y., & Andrews, P. (2016). Discoloration and Staining. In P. Andrews (Ed.), Atlas of Taphonomic Identifications: 1001+ Images of Fossil and Recent Mammal Bone Modification (pp. 155–166). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of International Migration and Integration.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, June 2). Ridiculously Big Alligator Spotted Strolling Across Golf Course In Florida. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). Federal Research: Assessment of the Financial Audit for SEMATECH’s Activities in 1989 (No. RCED-91-74). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ma, D. (2010). Acyclic congeners of Cucurbit[n]uril and a related mechanistic study on the Cucurbit[n]uril forming reaction (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hahamovitch, C. (2013, July 19). The Lessons of Belle Glade. New York Times, p. A25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zimmerman 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Kostarelos and Novoselov 2014; Zimmerman 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kostarelos and Novoselov 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Honda et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of International Migration and Integration
AbbreviationJ. Int. Migr. Integr.
ISSN (print)1488-3473
ISSN (online)1874-6365
Cultural Studies

Other styles