How to format your references using the Journal of International Migration and Integration citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of International Migration and Integration. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Willyard, C. (2014). Heritability: The family roots of obesity. Nature, 508(7496), S58-60.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sime, L. C., & Wolff, E. W. (2011). Antarctic accumulation seasonality. Nature, 479(7372), E1-2; author reply E2-4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bustamante, C. D., Burchard, E. G., & De la Vega, F. M. (2011). Genomics for the world. Nature, 475(7355), 163–165.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wang, Z., Xia, C.-Y., Meloni, S., Zhou, C.-S., & Moreno, Y. (2013). Impact of social punishment on cooperative behavior in complex networks. Scientific reports, 3, 3055.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kudnig, S. T., & Séguin, B. (2012). Veterinary Surgical Oncology. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,.
An edited book
Fathi, M. (Ed.). (2013). Integration of Practice-Oriented Knowledge Technology: Trends and Prospectives. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Daliot, A., & Dolev, D. (2005). Self-stabilization of Byzantine Protocols. In S. Tixeuil & T. Herman (Eds.), Self-Stabilizing Systems: 7th International Symposium, SSS 2005, Barcelona, Spain, October 26-27, 2005. Proceedings (pp. 48–67). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of International Migration and Integration.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, September 29). Hagfish Slime: Biomaterial Of The Future? IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1977). Proposed Amendments to the 1978 Labor, Health, Education, and Welfare Appropriations Bill (No. B-163922.56). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lawary, Y. (2014). A Comparison of How Three Four-Year University Teacher Education Programs Prepare Pre-Service Teachers to Use Culturally Relevant Pedagogy (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sophia Kishkovsky; Compiled by. (2005, November 24). Arts, Briefly; Paintings Returned to Russia. New York Times, p. E2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Willyard 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Sime and Wolff 2011; Willyard 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sime and Wolff 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of International Migration and Integration
AbbreviationJ. Int. Migr. Integr.
ISSN (print)1488-3473
ISSN (online)1874-6365
Cultural Studies

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