How to format your references using the Journal of International Migration and Integration citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of International Migration and Integration. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Swartz, K. J. (2008). Sensing voltage across lipid membranes. Nature, 456(7224), 891–897.
A journal article with 2 authors
Byers, J., & Dunn, S. (2012). Bateman in nature: predation on offspring reduces the potential for sexual selection. Science (New York, N.Y.), 338(6108), 802–804.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hayashi, K., Hasegawa, J., & Matsunaga, S. (2013). The boundary of the meristematic and elongation zones in roots: endoreduplication precedes rapid cell expansion. Scientific reports, 3, 2723.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Reineke, S., Lindner, F., Schwartz, G., Seidler, N., Walzer, K., Lüssem, B., & Leo, K. (2009). White organic light-emitting diodes with fluorescent tube efficiency. Nature, 459(7244), 234–238.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Welsh, A. H. (1996). Aspects of Statistical Inference: Welsh/Aspects. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Pitchumoni, C. S., & Dharmarajan, T. S. (Eds.). (2012). Geriatric Gastroenterology. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Boutellier, R., & Heinzen, M. (2014). Technology Speed and Substitution. In M. Heinzen (Ed.), Growth Through Innovation: Managing the Technology-Driven Enterprise (pp. 47–58). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of International Migration and Integration.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, April 21). Cancer Vaccine Delivered Via Coated Bacteria. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). Strategic Bombers: Logistics Decisions Impede B-1B Readiness and Supportability (No. NSIAD-89-129). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Becknell, J. M. (2013). Listening to narratives of war (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Otis, J. (2017, October 28). Unflinching Faith Moors 2 Victims of Hurricane Sandy in Life’s Storms. New York Times, p. A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Swartz 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Byers and Dunn 2012; Swartz 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Byers and Dunn 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Reineke et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of International Migration and Integration
AbbreviationJ. Int. Migr. Integr.
ISSN (print)1488-3473
ISSN (online)1874-6365
Cultural Studies

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