How to format your references using the Journal of International Migration and Integration citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of International Migration and Integration. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Falk, M. L. (2007). Materials science. The flow of glass. Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5858), 1880–1881.
A journal article with 2 authors
Binder, P.-M., & Pipes, R. M. (2014). Applied mathematics: how chaos forgets and remembers. Nature, 510(7505), 343–344.
A journal article with 3 authors
Turner, S., Evans, P., & Hawkesworth, C. (2001). Ultrafast source-to-surface movement of melt at island arcs from 226Ra-230Th systematics. Science (New York, N.Y.), 292(5520), 1363–1366.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Xia, Z.-P., Sun, L., Chen, X., Pineda, G., Jiang, X., Adhikari, A., et al. (2009). Direct activation of protein kinases by unanchored polyubiquitin chains. Nature, 461(7260), 114–119.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Riches, J. (2008). Galatians Through the Centuries. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
An edited book
Sessions, J. (Ed.). (2007). Harvesting Operations in the Tropics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Flores, F. G., & Oñate, E. (2005). Applications of a Rotation-Free Triangular Element for Finite Strain Analysis of Thin Shells and Membranes. In E. Oñate & B. Kröplin (Eds.), Textile Composites and Inflatable Structures (pp. 69–88). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of International Migration and Integration.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, October 29). Brain Abnormalities Discovered in Patients With Chronic Fatigue Syndrome. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Aviation Safety: Efforts to Implement Flight Operational Quality Assurance Programs (No. RCED-98-10). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Maas, C. C. (2014). Emergency department utilization patterns in patients with diabetes (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson, G. (2016, August 23). After 1.7 Million Years, a Bone Cancer Diagnosis. New York Times, p. D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Falk 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Binder and Pipes 2014; Falk 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Binder and Pipes 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Xia et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of International Migration and Integration
AbbreviationJ. Int. Migr. Integr.
ISSN (print)1488-3473
ISSN (online)1874-6365
Cultural Studies

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