How to format your references using the Journal of Infection and Public Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Infection and Public Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Eldridge JJ. Astrophysics: Windy stars that go with a bang. Nature 2014;509:431–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Jørgensen BB, D’Hondt S. Ecology. A starving majority deep beneath the seafloor. Science 2006;314:932–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Yonezawa H, Aoki T, Furusawa A. Demonstration of a quantum teleportation network for continuous variables. Nature 2004;431:430–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Liu Y, Gao JH, Liu HL, Fox PT. The temporal response of the brain after eating revealed by functional MRI. Nature 2000;405:1058–62.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Linder B. Thermodynamics and Introductory Statistical Mechanics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2004.
An edited book
[1]
Escolano F. Information Theory in Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition. London: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Maarse N, Janssen M. The Need to Adjust Lean to the Public Sector. In: Scholl HJ, Janssen M, Wimmer MA, Moe CE, Flak LS, editors. Electronic Government: 11th IFIP WG 8.5 International Conference, EGOV 2012, Kristiansand, Norway, September 3-6, 2012. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012, p. 54–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Infection and Public Health.

Blog post
[1]
Fang J. Virgin Birth Confirmed in World’s Longest Snake Species. IFLScience 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/virgin-birth-confirmed-world-s-longest-snake-species/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: FBI Needs an Enterprise Architecture to Guide Its Modernization Activities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Moua P. Differential functions of the kinesin-1 tail in Drosophila melanogaster transport processes. Doctoral dissertation. Indiana University, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Mueller B, Southall A, Baker AL. When Marriage Turns Murderous. New York Times 2016:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Infection and Public Health
AbbreviationJ. Infect. Public Health
ISSN (print)1876-0341
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Infectious Diseases
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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