How to format your references using the Journal of Intercultural Communication Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Intercultural Communication Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain, C. (2000). World Bank is urged to give greater priority to science. Nature, 407(6802), 276.
A journal article with 2 authors
Inamdar, A. A., & Bennett, J. W. (2014). A common fungal volatile organic compound induces a nitric oxide mediated inflammatory response in Drosophila melanogaster. Scientific Reports, 4, 3833.
A journal article with 3 authors
Insel, T. R., Landis, S. C., & Collins, F. S. (2013). Research priorities. The NIH BRAIN Initiative. Science (New York, N.Y.), 340(6133), 687–688.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Cuchet-Lourenço, D., Eletto, D., Wu, C., Plagnol, V., Papapietro, O., Curtis, J., Ceron-Gutierrez, L., Bacon, C. M., Hackett, S., Alsaleem, B., Maes, M., Gaspar, M., Alisaac, A., Goss, E., AlIdrissi, E., Siegmund, D., Wajant, H., Kumararatne, D., AlZahrani, M. S., … Nejentsev, S. (2018). Biallelic RIPK1 mutations in humans cause severe immunodeficiency, arthritis, and intestinal inflammation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 361(6404), 810–813.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Noyer, J.-M. (2016). Transformation of Collective Intelligences. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Sourisseau, J.-M. (Ed.). (2015). Family Farming and the Worlds to Come. Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Franco, A., Pisarewicz, K., Moller, C., Mora, D., Fields, G. B., & Marí, F. (2006). Hyperhydroxylation: A New Strategy for Neuronal Targeting by Venomous Marine Molluscs. In G. Cimino & M. Gavagnin (Eds.), Molluscs: From Chemo-ecological Study to Biotechnological Application (pp. 83–103). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Intercultural Communication Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, November 22). First Ever Footage Of Terrifying Deep-Sea Animal. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2006). Information Technology: Improvements Needed to More Accurately Identify and Better Oversee Risky Projects Totaling Billions of Dollars (GAO-06-1099T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Herron, J. (2017). The Use of Evidence Based Interventions in the Classroom for Students with Disabilities [Doctoral dissertation]. Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C. (2008, April 3). For the Self-Employed, a Year-Round System Will Smooth Tax Time. New York Times, C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macilwain, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Inamdar & Bennett, 2014; Macilwain, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Inamdar & Bennett, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Insel et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Cuchet-Lourenço et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Intercultural Communication Research
AbbreviationJ. Intercult. Commun. Res.
ISSN (print)1747-5759
ISSN (online)1747-5767
Cultural Studies

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