How to format your references using the Journal of Intercultural Communication Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Intercultural Communication Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Potocnik, J. (2007). Renewable energy sources and the realities of setting an energy agenda. Science (New York, N.Y.), 315(5813), 810–811.
A journal article with 2 authors
Supek, F., & Lehner, B. (2015). Differential DNA mismatch repair underlies mutation rate variation across the human genome. Nature, 521(7550), 81–84.
A journal article with 3 authors
Discher, D. E., Janmey, P., & Wang, Y.-L. (2005). Tissue cells feel and respond to the stiffness of their substrate. Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5751), 1139–1143.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ajayan, P. M., Terrones, M., de la Guardia, A., Huc, V., Grobert, N., Wei, B. Q., Lezec, H., Ramanath, G., & Ebbesen, T. W. (2002). Nanotubes in a flash--ignition and reconstruction. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5568), 705.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Horstmeyer, S. L. (2011). The Weather Almanac. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Safavi-Naini, R., & Canetti, R. (Eds.). (2012). Advances in Cryptology – CRYPTO 2012: 32nd Annual Cryptology Conference, Santa Barbara, CA, USA, August 19-23, 2012. Proceedings (Vol. 7417). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Siddiqi, K., Bouix, S., & Shah, J. (2008). Skeletons via Shocks of Boundary Evolution. In K. Siddiqi & S. M. Pizer (Eds.), Medial Representations: Mathematics, Algorithms and Applications (pp. 127–154). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Intercultural Communication Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, July 8). Giant “Pac-Man” Spacecraft Could Devour Space Litter. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1976). Examination of Disbursing Officer’s Account, U.S. Army Quartermaster School, Fort Lee, Virginia (No. 089079). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mazon, W. E. (2009). The effect of the Breath BuilderTM on various lung functions and musical performance abilities of clarinet players [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. (2017, July 25). The Fight to Stay Alive. New York Times, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Potocnik, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Potocnik, 2007; Supek & Lehner, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Supek & Lehner, 2015)
  • Three authors: (Discher et al., 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Ajayan et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Intercultural Communication Research
AbbreviationJ. Intercult. Commun. Res.
ISSN (print)1747-5759
ISSN (online)1747-5767
Cultural Studies

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