How to format your references using the Journal of Intercultural Communication Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Intercultural Communication Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Graham, J. (2014). Behavior. Morality beyond the lab. Science (New York, N.Y.), 345(6202), 1242.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fox, E. J., & Loeb, L. A. (2014). Cancer: One cell at a time. Nature, 512(7513), 143–144.
A journal article with 3 authors
Karsai, M., Perra, N., & Vespignani, A. (2014). Time varying networks and the weakness of strong ties. Scientific Reports, 4, 4001.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Fernández-Chacón, R., Königstorfer, A., Gerber, S. H., García, J., Matos, M. F., Stevens, C. F., Brose, N., Rizo, J., Rosenmund, C., & Südhof, T. C. (2001). Synaptotagmin I functions as a calcium regulator of release probability. Nature, 410(6824), 41–49.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Derryberry, D. R. (2014). Basic Data Analysis for Time Series with R. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Robyns, B. (2012). Vector Control of Induction Machines: Desensitisation and Optimisation Through Fuzzy Logic (B. Francois, P. Degobert, & J. P. Hautier, Eds.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Marder, L., & Pérez Herranz, V. (2014). Electrodialysis Control Parameters. In A. Moura Bernardes, M. A. Siqueira Rodrigues, & J. Zoppas Ferreira (Eds.), Electrodialysis and Water Reuse: Novel Approaches (pp. 25–39). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Intercultural Communication Research.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2016, May 24). How Do We Tell The World That We’ve Found Alien Life? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2015). Transportation Safety: Results of Collection of Information on State Permitting Practices for Oversize Vehicles (GAO-15-235SP, February 2015), an E-supplement to GAO-15-236 [Reissued on February 27, 2015] (GAO-15-235SP). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Roberts, D. M. (2017). Resilience in Physically Maltreated Adolescents: Interpersonally Related Protective Factors and Gender Differences [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Spencer, H., & Sisario, B. (2016, November 8). $3 Million Award in Rolling Stone Case. New York Times, B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Graham, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Fox & Loeb, 2014; Graham, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fox & Loeb, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Karsai et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Fernández-Chacón et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Intercultural Communication Research
AbbreviationJ. Intercult. Commun. Res.
ISSN (print)1747-5759
ISSN (online)1747-5767
Cultural Studies

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