How to format your references using the Ekonomie a Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ekonomie a Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kerr, R. A. (2000). The Sun Again Intrudes on Earth’s Decadal Climate Change. Science (New York, N.Y.), 288(5473), 1986.
A journal article with 2 authors
Thompson, D. W. J., & Barnes, E. A. (2014). Periodic variability in the large-scale Southern Hemisphere atmospheric circulation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 343(6171), 641–645.
A journal article with 3 authors
Boots, M., Hudson, P. J., & Sasaki, A. (2004). Large shifts in pathogen virulence relate to host population structure. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5659), 842–844.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Polyn, S. M., Natu, V. S., Cohen, J. D., & Norman, K. A. (2005). Category-specific cortical activity precedes retrieval during memory search. Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5756), 1963–1966.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Avdeef, A. (2012). Absorption and Drug Development. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Khan, S., & Khan Pathan, A.-S. (Eds.). (2013). Wireless Networks and Security: Issues, Challenges and Research Trends. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Porto, F., da Silva, V. F. V., Dutra, M. L., & Schulze, B. (2006). An Adaptive Distributed Query Processing Grid Service. In J.-M. Pierson (Ed.), Data Management in Grids: First VLDB Workshop, DMG 2005, Trondheim, Norway, September 2-3, 2005, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 45–57). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ekonomie a Management.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2017, January 30). Adventurous Beetles Confirm A New Form Of Evolution. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). Telecommunications: Projects and Policies Related to Deploying Broadband in Unserved and Underserved Areas (No. GAO-14-409). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Calderwood, A. (2014). Improving the singer’s understanding of bebop language: Transcription application (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chira, S. (2016, November 9). Ugly Campaign Descended Into a Battle of Two Caricatures. New York Times, p. P8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kerr, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Kerr, 2000; Thompson & Barnes, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Thompson & Barnes, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Boots, Hudson, & Sasaki, 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Polyn, Natu, Cohen, & Norman, 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleEkonomie a Management
ISSN (print)1212-3609
ISSN (online)2336-5604
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Strategy and Management
General Economics, Econometrics and Finance

Other styles