How to format your references using the Ekonomie a Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ekonomie a Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Agre, P. (2010). The family naturalist. Nature, 467(7317), S11.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rice, W. R., & Friberg, U. (2008). Genetics. Functionally degenerate--Y not so? Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5859), 42–43.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rouse, G. W., Goffredi, S. K., & Vrijenhoek, R. C. (2004). Osedax: bone-eating marine worms with dwarf males. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5684), 668–671.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Singh, R., Gorstein, S. V., Bednarek, F., Chou, J. H., McGowan, E. C., & Visintainer, P. F. (2013). A predictive model for SIVH risk in preterm infants and targeted indomethacin therapy for prevention. Scientific Reports, 3, 2539.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Eric G., F., & Yvonne, R. (2015). Growing Pains. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Wiesel, S. W., & Delahay, J. N. (Eds.). (2011). Essentials of Orthopedic Surgery (4th ed.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Campbell-Kelly, M. (2011). From Theory to Practice: The Invention of Programming, 1947-51. In C. B. Jones & J. L. Lloyd (Eds.), Dependable and Historic Computing: Essays Dedicated to Brian Randell on the Occasion of His 75th Birthday (pp. 23–37). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ekonomie a Management.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, August 15). We Have Almost Certainly Blown The 1.5-Degree Global Warming Target. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). Elementary and Secondary Education: Flexibility Initiatives Do Not Address Districts’ Key Concerns About Federal Requirements (T-HEHS-00-51). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Biermann, J. L. (2009). The distribution of Callinectes sapidus megalopae at the mouths of Chesapeake and Delaware Bays: Implications for larval ingress [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2011, October 5). Five Years Later, A Different Outcome. New York Times, B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Agre, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Agre, 2010; Rice & Friberg, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rice & Friberg, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Rouse et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Singh et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEkonomie a Management
ISSN (print)1212-3609
ISSN (online)2336-5604
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Strategy and Management
General Economics, Econometrics and Finance

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