How to format your references using the Ekonomie a Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ekonomie a Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Moore, P. D. (2000). Conservation biology. Seeds of doubt. Nature, 407(6805), 683, 685.
A journal article with 2 authors
Moore, P. B., & Steitz, T. A. (2002). The involvement of RNA in ribosome function. Nature, 418(6894), 229–235.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wojtak, R., Hansen, S. H., & Hjorth, J. (2011). Gravitational redshift of galaxies in clusters as predicted by general relativity. Nature, 477(7366), 567–569.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Guo, X., Gao, J., Li, F., & Wang, J. (2014). Evidence of horizontal transfer of non-autonomous Lep1 Helitrons facilitated by host-parasite interactions. Scientific Reports, 4, 5119.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mack, I. (2014). Energy Trading and Risk Management. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Kalthoff, H. (Ed.). (2009). Death Receptors and Cognate Ligands in Cancer (Vol. 49). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Vila, C., Estruch, A., Siller, H. R., Abellán, J. V., & Romero, F. (2007). Workflow Methodology for Collaborative Design and Manufacturing. In Y. Luo (Ed.), Cooperative Design, Visualization, and Engineering: 4th International Conference, CDVE 2007, Shanghai, China, September 16-20, 2007. Proceedings (pp. 42–49). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ekonomie a Management.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, May 5). How Did This Bioluminescent Bug Get Its Glow? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007). Reagan National Airport: Update on Capacity to Handle Additional Flights and Impact on Other Area Airports (GAO-07-352). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Day, K. C. (2017). CPA Perceptions of Human Skills for Professional Competency Development Needs [Doctoral dissertation]. Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, B. (2017, January 15). Bahrain Executes 3 Shiites Convicted in Deadly Bomb Attack on the Police. New York Times, A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Moore, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (P. B. Moore & Steitz, 2002; P. D. Moore, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Moore & Steitz, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Wojtak et al., 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Guo et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEkonomie a Management
ISSN (print)1212-3609
ISSN (online)2336-5604
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Strategy and Management
General Economics, Econometrics and Finance

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