How to format your references using the Ekonomie a Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ekonomie a Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Burnell, J. B. (2007). Astronomy. Pulsars 40 years on. Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5850), 579–581.
A journal article with 2 authors
Strauss, J. F., 3rd, & Kafrissen, M. (2004). Waiting for the second coming. Nature, 432(7013), 43–45.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rannou, P., Hourdin, F., & McKay, C. P. (2002). A wind origin for Titan’s haze structure. Nature, 418(6900), 853–856.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hargreaves, E. L., Rao, G., Lee, I., & Knierim, J. J. (2005). Major dissociation between medial and lateral entorhinal input to dorsal hippocampus. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5729), 1792–1794.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schmidt, R. H., & Rodrick, G. E. (2005). Food Safety Handbook. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Shumaker, R. (Ed.). (2013). Virtual Augmented and Mixed Reality. Designing and Developing Augmented and Virtual Environments: 5th International Conference, VAMR 2013, Held as Part of HCI International 2013, Las Vegas, NV, USA, July 21-26, 2013, Proceedings, Part I (Vol. 8021). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Franke, T., Hoppe, R. H. W., Linsenmann, C., & Wixforth, A. (2012). Projection Based Model Reduction for Optimal Design of the Time-dependent Stokes System. In G. Leugering, S. Engell, A. Griewank, M. Hinze, R. Rannacher, V. Schulz, M. Ulbrich, & S. Ulbrich (Eds.), Constrained Optimization and Optimal Control for Partial Differential Equations (pp. 75–98). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ekonomie a Management.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, May 12). Mercury-Filled Balloon Popped For Science. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). Electronic Government: Opportunities and Challenges Facing the FirstGov Web Gateway (GAO-01-87T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brady, D. C. (2008). The transforming Rho family GTPase, Wrch -1, regulates epithelial cell morphogenesis through modulating cell junctions and actin cytoskeletal dynamics [Doctoral dissertation]. University of North Carolina.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. (2009, February 22). To Your Health. New York Times, NJ9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Burnell, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Burnell, 2007; Strauss & Kafrissen, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Strauss & Kafrissen, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Rannou et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Hargreaves et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleEkonomie a Management
ISSN (print)1212-3609
ISSN (online)2336-5604
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Strategy and Management
General Economics, Econometrics and Finance

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