How to format your references using the Journal of Integrated Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Integrated Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J.J. Lissauer. Astronomy. Growing apart in lock step. Science 2006, 313 (5790), 1054–1055.
A journal article with 2 authors
S.B. Jacobsen, Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA. Geochemistry. How old is planet Earth? Science 2003, 300 (5625), 1513–1514.
A journal article with 3 authors
C.J. Mulligan, A. Kitchen, M.M. Miyamoto. Comment on “Population size does not influence mitochondrial genetic diversity in animals.” Science 2006, 314 (5804), 1390.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
G.S. Wilkie, A.J. Davison, K. Kerr, et al. First fatality associated with elephant endotheliotropic herpesvirus 5 in an Asian elephant: pathological findings and complete viral genome sequence. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 6299.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
H.-D. Chiang. Direct Methods for Stability Analysis of Electric Power Systems; John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2010.
An edited book
Rough Sets and Intelligent Systems Paradigms: International Conference, RSEISP 2007, Warsaw, Poland, June 28-30, 2007. Proceedings; Kryszkiewicz, M., Peters, J. F., Rybinski, H., Skowron, A., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007; Vol. 4585.
A chapter in an edited book
P.G. Postema, I. Christiaans, N. Hofman, et al. Founder mutations in the Netherlands: familial idiopathic ventricular fibrillation and DPP6*. In Founder mutations in inherited cardiac diseases in the Netherlands; Wilde, A. A. M., Tintelen, J. P. van, Eds.; Bohn Stafleu van Loghum, Houten, 2014; pp 29–35.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Integrated Science and Technology.

Blog post
J. O`Callaghan. Remnants Of An Ancient Mini-Planet Might Be In Orbit Near Mars (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Radio Communications: Congressional Action Needed to Ensure Agencies Collaborate to Develop a Joint Solution; GAO-09-133; U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A.E. Amos. Perceptions of the persistent: Academic experiences of first generation community college students. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, Minneapolis, MN, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. Hollander. Unspectacular, but Advancing. New York Times. September 5, 2000, p D4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Integrated Science and Technology
ISSN (print)2321-4635

Other styles