How to format your references using the Journal of Integrated Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Integrated Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
T. Clarke. Sustainable development: now we’re talking. Nature 2002, 420 (6917), 733–734.
A journal article with 2 authors
P. Taberlet, R. Cheddadi. Ecology. Quaternary refugia and persistence of biodiversity. Science 2002, 297 (5589), 2009–2010.
A journal article with 3 authors
L.A. Gugliotti, D.L. Feldheim, B.E. Eaton. RNA-mediated metal-metal bond formation in the synthesis of hexagonal palladium nanoparticles. Science 2004, 304 (5672), 850–852.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Z.-S. Yuan, Y.-A. Chen, B. Zhao, et al. Experimental demonstration of a BDCZ quantum repeater node. Nature 2008, 454 (7208), 1098–1101.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
P.J. Swatton. Principles of Flight for Pilots; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2010.
An edited book
Wine Microbiology: Practical Applications and Procedures, Second edition.; Fugelsang, K. C., Edwards, C. G., Eds.; Springer US, Boston, MA, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
R. Palivonaite, A. Fedaravicius, A. Aleksa, M. Ragulskis. Near-Optimal Moire Grating for Chaotic Dynamic Visual Cryptography. In Advances in Visual Informatics: Third International Visual Informatics Conference, IVIC 2013, Selangor, Malaysia, November 13-15, 2013. Proceedings; Zaman, H. B., Robinson, P., Olivier, P., Shih, T. K., Velastin, S., Eds.; Hutchison, D., Kanade, T., Kittler, J., Kleinberg, J. M., Mattern, F., Mitchell, J. C., Naor, M., Nierstrasz, O., Pandu Rangan, C., Steffen, B., et al., Series Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2013; pp 48–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Integrated Science and Technology.

Blog post
J. Davis. Researchers Have Just Discovered There Are 3 Subspecies Of Snow Leopard (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Technology Transfer: Implementation Status of the Federal Technology Transfer Act of 1986; RCED-89-154; U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J.O. Gary. Women’s social networking: Steps that organize low-technology users with emergency needs. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA, 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Gorman. When Tickled, Rats Giggle and Leap, Researchers Find. New York Times. November 10, 2016, p A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Integrated Science and Technology
ISSN (print)2321-4635

Other styles