How to format your references using the Journal of Integrated Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Integrated Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
H.T. Greely. Get ready for the flood of fetal gene screening. Nature 2011, 469 (7330), 289–291.
A journal article with 2 authors
M.J. Wilberg, T.J. Miller. Comment on “Impacts of biodiversity loss on ocean ecosystem services.” Science 2007, 316 (5829), 1285; author reply 1285.
A journal article with 3 authors
S. Thore, M. Leibundgut, N. Ban. Structure of the eukaryotic thiamine pyrophosphate riboswitch with its regulatory ligand. Science 2006, 312 (5777), 1208–1211.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Y. Sun, W. Zhang, Y. Xing, et al. High temperature superconducting FeSe films on SrTiO3 substrates. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 6040.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
G.H.N. Laursen, J. Thorlund. Business Analytics for Managers; John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2016.
An edited book
Structural, Syntactic, and Statistical Pattern Recognition: Joint IAPR International Workshop, SSPR&SPR 2010, Cesme, Izmir, Turkey, August 18-20, 2010. Proceedings; Hancock, E. R., Wilson, R. C., Windeatt, T., Ulusoy, I., Escolano, F., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010; Vol. 6218.
A chapter in an edited book
T. Juhasz. Challenges of Femtosecond Laser Technologies for Cataract Surgery. In Textbook of Refractive Laser Assisted Cataract Surgery (ReLACS); Krueger, R. R., Talamo, J. H., Lindstrom, R. L., Eds.; Springer, New York, NY, 2013; pp 39–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Integrated Science and Technology.

Blog post
J. Davis. Stand-up Comedians Are More Likely To Die Prematurely, With The Funniest Most Likely To Go First (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Transportation Infrastructure: Highway Pavement Design Guide Is Outdated; RCED-98-9; U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
G. Valdovinos. Entre familia (among family): A parent training and social support program for Latino families. A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Kelly. THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: Political Week; “Did Not!” and “Did So!” Frame the Tax Debate. New York Times. September 1, 1992, p A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Integrated Science and Technology
ISSN (print)2321-4635

Other styles