How to format your references using the Journal of Integrated Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Integrated Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M.G. Guzmán. Global voices of science. Deciphering dengue: the Cuban experience. Science 2005, 309 (5740), 1495–1497.
A journal article with 2 authors
M. Nordborg, D. Weigel. Next-generation genetics in plants. Nature 2008, 456 (7223), 720–723.
A journal article with 3 authors
J.B. Plotkin, J. Dushoff, H.B. Fraser. Detecting selection using a single genome sequence of M. tuberculosis and P. falciparum. Nature 2004, 428 (6986), 942–945.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
N. Syassen, D.M. Bauer, M. Lettner, et al. Strong dissipation inhibits losses and induces correlations in cold molecular gases. Science 2008, 320 (5881), 1329–1331.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A.W. Graham, N.C. Kirkman, P.M. Paul. Mobile Radio Network Design in the VHF and UHF Bands; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2006.
An edited book
Ubiquitous Computing and Multimedia Applications: Second International Conference, UCMA 2011, Daejeon, Korea, April 13-15, 2011. Proceedings, Part I; Kim, T.-H., Adeli, H., Robles, R. J., Balitanas, M., Eds.; Communications in Computer and Information Science; Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011; Vol. 150.
A chapter in an edited book
D. Motreanu, V.V. Motreanu, N. Papageorgiou. Variational Principles and Critical Point Theory. In Topological and Variational Methods with Applications to Nonlinear Boundary Value Problems; Motreanu, V. V., Papageorgiou, N., Eds.; Springer, New York, NY, 2014; pp 97–139.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Integrated Science and Technology.

Blog post
A. Carpineti. We Might Not Talk To Aliens For 1,500 Years (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Air Traffic Control: Ineffective Management Plagues $1.7-Billion Radar Program; IMTEC-90-37; U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J.W. Kim. Perceptually motivated automatic dance motion generation for music. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Seymour. How About a Nightcap? New York Times. April 24, 2015, p BR11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Integrated Science and Technology
ISSN (print)2321-4635

Other styles