How to format your references using the Journal of Integrated Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Integrated Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. von Braun. Strategic body needed to beat food crises. Nature 2010, 465 (7298), 548–549.
A journal article with 2 authors
R. Sprangers, L.E. Kay. Quantitative dynamics and binding studies of the 20S proteasome by NMR. Nature 2007, 445 (7128), 618–622.
A journal article with 3 authors
P. Bußhardt, D. Kunze, S.N. Gorb. Interlocking-based attachment during locomotion in the beetle Pachnoda marginata (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae). Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 6998.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
G. Piazzesi, M. Reconditi, M. Linari, et al. Mechanism of force generation by myosin heads in skeletal muscle. Nature 2002, 415 (6872), 659–662.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
V.K. Garg. Concurrent and Distributed Computing in Java; John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2005.
An edited book
Productive Remembering and Social Agency; Strong-Wilson, T., Mitchell, C., Susann, A., Pithouse-Morgan, K., Eds.; Transgressions, Cultural Studies and Education; SensePublishers, Rotterdam, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Y. Fratantonio, C. Kruegel, G. Vigna. Shellzer: A Tool for the Dynamic Analysis of Malicious Shellcode. In Recent Advances in Intrusion Detection: 14th International Symposium, RAID 2011, Menlo Park, CA, USA, September 20-21, 2011. Proceedings; Sommer, R., Balzarotti, D., Maier, G., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011; pp 61–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Integrated Science and Technology.

Blog post
E. Andrew. The Pillars Of Creation - A Glimpse Into How Stars Are Born (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. [Comments on NASA Employee’s Proposed Work Schedule]; B-258316; U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A. Park. Borderland beyond: Korean migrants and the creation of a modern state boundary between Korea and Russia, 1860-1937. Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University, New York, NY, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
This story was reported by C.J. Chivers, E.E. Arvedlund, S. Kishkovsky, W. by M. Chivers. Editor’s Death Raises Questions About Change in Russia. New York Times. July 18, 2004, p 13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Integrated Science and Technology
ISSN (print)2321-4635

Other styles