How to format your references using the Journal of Instrumentation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Instrumentation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. W. Boyd, Nuclear physics: Neutrons with a twist, Nature 525, (2015) 462.
A journal article with 2 authors
Y. J. Tao and W. Zheng, Biochemistry. Visualizing the influenza genome, Science 338, (2012) 1545.
A journal article with 3 authors
X. Lin, C. M. Hull and J. Heitman, Sexual reproduction between partners of the same mating type in Cryptococcus neoformans, Nature 434, (2005) 1017.
A journal article with 10 or more authors
S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, M. Halder, O. Alibart, P. Baldi, N. Gisin and H. Zbinden, A photonic quantum information interface, Nature 437, (2005) 116.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
X. S. Lin, Introductory Stochastic Analysis for Finance and Insurance: Lin/Introductory, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, (2006).
An edited book
I. Rojas, G. Joya and A. Catala, Eds., Advances in Computational Intelligence: 13th International Work-Conference on Artificial Neural Networks, IWANN 2015, Palma de Mallorca, Spain, June 10-12, 2015. Proceedings, Part I, Springer International Publishing, Cham, (2015).
A chapter in an edited book
J. Smyth, B. Down and P. McInerney, Socially Critical School/Community Relations, in The Socially Just School: Making Space for Youth to Speak Back, B. Down and P. McInerney, Eds., Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, (2014).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Instrumentation.

Blog post
T. Hale, Student Designs A Bra That Can Help Detect Breast Cancer, IFLScience, IFLScience, (2017) (30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Joint Strike Fighter Acquisition: Cooperative Program Needs Greater Oversight to Ensure Goals Are Met, GAO-03-775, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, (2003).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A. D. Sevilla, The moderating influence of core self-evaluation, emotional intelligence and extraversion on career success, Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, (2014).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Hodgman, Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman, in New York Times, (2016).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Instrumentation
AbbreviationJ. Instrum.
ISSN (online)1748-0221
ScopeMathematical Physics

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