How to format your references using the Journal of Instrumentation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Instrumentation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A. Trewavas, Mindless mastery, Nature 415, (2002) 841.
A journal article with 2 authors
M. Reches and E. Gazit, Casting metal nanowires within discrete self-assembled peptide nanotubes, Science 300, (2003) 625.
A journal article with 3 authors
L. Santamaría, M. Diaz and F. Valladares, Science in Europe. Dark clouds over Spanish science, Science 340, (2013) 1292.
A journal article with 10 or more authors
J. A. Atwood 3rd, D. B. Weatherly, T. A. Minning, B. Bundy, C. Cavola, F. R. Opperdoes, R. Orlando and R. L. Tarleton, The Trypanosoma cruzi proteome, Science 309, (2005) 473.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A. Vignes, Extractive Metallurgy 2, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA, (2013).
An edited book
K. Atkinson, Spherical Harmonics and Approximations on the Unit Sphere: An Introduction, W. Han, Ed., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, (2012).
A chapter in an edited book
A. Nemati and M. Faieghi, The Performance Comparison of ANFIS and Hammerstein-Wiener Models for BLDC Motors, in Electronics and Signal Processing: Selected Papers from the 2011 International Conference on Electric and Electronics (EEIC 2011) in Nanchang, China on June 20–22, 2011, Volume 1, W. Hu, Ed., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, (2011).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Instrumentation.

Blog post
J. Fang, Birds Take Turns at the Head of Their Flying V, IFLScience, IFLScience, (2015) (30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Use of Appropriated Funds as Impact Aid to Educational Agencies, B-164081, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, (1973).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
R. L. Walther, Approaches to Stream Restoration: Practices in Missouri and Illinois, Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, (2017).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Schwirtz, One Surprise Is Already Clear in the German Elections: No Russian Meddling, in New York Times, (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Instrumentation
AbbreviationJ. Instrum.
ISSN (online)1748-0221
ScopeMathematical Physics

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