How to format your references using the Journal of Instrumentation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Instrumentation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. Zamble, ENZYMOLOGY. It costs more than a nickel, Science 349, (2015) 35.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. L. Semmelhack and J. W. Wang, Select Drosophila glomeruli mediate innate olfactory attraction and aversion, Nature 459, (2009) 218.
A journal article with 3 authors
A. E. Willner, J. Wang and H. Huang, Applied physics. A different angle on light communications, Science 337, (2012) 655.
A journal article with 10 or more authors
Y. Liu, J.-Y. Masson, R. Shah, P. O’Regan and S. C. West, RAD51C is required for Holliday junction processing in mammalian cells, Science 303, (2004) 243.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
W. Schumann, Dynamics of the Bacterial Chromosome, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG, (2006).
An edited book
K. Ikeda, Bifurcation Theory for Hexagonal Agglomeration in Economic Geography, K. Murota, Ed., Springer Japan, Tokyo, (2014).
A chapter in an edited book
N. J. Woolf, A. Priel and J. A. Tuszynski, Nanocarriers and Intracellular Transport: Moving Along the Cytoskeletal Matrix, in Nanoneuroscience: Structural and Functional Roles of the Neuronal Cytoskeleton in Health and Disease, A. Priel and J. A. Tuszynski, Eds., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, (2010).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Instrumentation.

Blog post
R. Andrews, Volcanic Eruptions On Mars Used To Explode Through Ancient Ice Sheets, IFLScience, IFLScience, (2016) (30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Department of Education: Information on Consolidation Opportunities and Student Aid, T-HEHS-95-130, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, (1995).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K. N. Burns, Impact of Cognitive Tasks on Gait Parameters in Collegiate Athletes, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, (2017).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Eligon, On Big Stage, Ward Makes Big Statement, in New York Times, (2016).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Instrumentation
AbbreviationJ. Instrum.
ISSN (online)1748-0221
ScopeMathematical Physics

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