How to format your references using the Journal of Instrumentation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Instrumentation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. G. Webster, Virology. A molecular whodunit, Science 293, (2001) 1773.
A journal article with 2 authors
W. de Laat and D. Duboule, Topology of mammalian developmental enhancers and their regulatory landscapes, Nature 502, (2013) 499.
A journal article with 3 authors
E. O. Polat, O. Balcı and C. Kocabas, Graphene based flexible electrochromic devices, Sci. Rep. 4, (2014) 6484.
A journal article with 10 or more authors
Z. Zhou, G. J. Bedwell, R. Li, P. E. Prevelige Jr and A. Gupta, Formation mechanism of chalcogenide nanocrystals confined inside genetically engineered virus-like particles, Sci. Rep. 4, (2014) 3832.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A. Aksamija, Integrating Innovation in Architecture, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford, UK, (2016).
An edited book
D. S. Newcombe, Gout: Basic Science and Clinical Practice, D. R. Robinson, Ed., Springer, London, (2013).
A chapter in an edited book
T. Needham, Visual Differential Geometry and Beltrami’s Hyperbolic Plane, in The Art of Science: From Perspective Drawing to Quantum Randomness, R. Lupacchini and A. Angelini, Eds., Springer International Publishing, Cham, (2014).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Instrumentation.

Blog post
E. Andrew, How the Natural World has Helped Influence Culture and Society, IFLScience, IFLScience, (2015) (30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Aircraft Noise: Eight Airports’ Efforts to Mitigate Noise, RCED-89-189, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, (1989).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. J. Isaacson, The paradox of respect and risk: Six Lakota adolescents speak, Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University, (2009).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Kenigsberg, Fangs, Fur and Plenty of Firepower, in New York Times, (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Instrumentation
AbbreviationJ. Instrum.
ISSN (online)1748-0221
ScopeMathematical Physics

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