How to format your references using the Journal of Instrumentation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Instrumentation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
V. S. Subrahmanian, Computer science. Cultural modeling in real time, Science 317, (2007) 1509.
A journal article with 2 authors
R. Hayes and H. Weiss, Epidemiology. Understanding HIV epidemic trends in Africa, Science 311, (2006) 620.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. W. Hurrell, Y. Kushnir and M. Visbeck, Climate. The North Atlantic oscillation, Science 291, (2001) 603.
A journal article with 10 or more authors
D. Sanvitto, F. Pulizzi, A. J. Shields, P. C. Christianen, S. N. Holmes, M. Y. Simmons, D. A. Ritchie, J. C. Maan and M. Pepper, Observation of charge transport by negatively charged excitons, Science 294, (2001) 837.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. Bates, C. Gallon, M. Bocci, S. Walker and T. Taylor, Converged Multimedia Networks, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, (2006).
An edited book
W.-S. Hu, Ed., Cell Culture Engineering, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, (2006).
A chapter in an edited book
A. Pinsent, Aquinas and the Second Person in the Formation of Virtues, in Aquinas, Education and the East, T. B. Mooney and M. Nowacki, Eds., Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, (2013).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Instrumentation.

Blog post
E. Andrew, What Happens When You Drop A Magnet Through A Copper Tube?, IFLScience, IFLScience, (2014) (30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Federal-Aid Highways: States Need Guidance on Sales or Leases of Real Property Purchased with Federal Funds, GAO-03-207, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, (2002).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. W. Childers, Evaluating parental opinions of healthy snack guidelines for youth soccer, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, (2017).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Cooper, Dudamel Condemns Venezuelan Politics, in New York Times, (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Instrumentation
AbbreviationJ. Instrum.
ISSN (online)1748-0221
ScopeMathematical Physics

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