How to format your references using the Journal of Instrumentation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Instrumentation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
G. R. Lewin, Evolution. Natural selection and pain meet at a sodium channel, Science 342, (2013) 428.
A journal article with 2 authors
T. J. W. Lazio and T. N. LaRosa, Astronomy. At the heart of the Milky Way, Science 307, (2005) 686.
A journal article with 3 authors
V. B. Deecke, P. J. B. Slater and J. K. B. Ford, Selective habituation shapes acoustic predator recognition in harbour seals, Nature 420, (2002) 171.
A journal article with 10 or more authors
M. Ventura, F. Antonacci, M. F. Cardone, R. Stanyon, P. D’Addabbo, A. Cellamare, L. J. Sprague, E. E. Eichler, N. Archidiacono, et al., Evolutionary formation of new centromeres in macaque, Science 316, (2007) 243.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
N. H. Chan and H. Y. Wong, Simulation Techniques in Financial Risk Management, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, (2006).
An edited book
C. G. Boone and M. Fragkias, Eds., Urbanization and Sustainability: Linking Urban Ecology, Environmental Justice and Global Environmental Change, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, (2013).
A chapter in an edited book
R. A. Joyce, Critical Histories of Archaeological Practice: Latin American and North American Interpretations in a Honduran Context, in Evaluating Multiple Narratives: Beyond Nationalist, Colonialist, Imperialist Archaeologies, J. Habu, C. Fawcett, and J. M. Matsunaga, Eds., Springer, New York, NY, (2008).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Instrumentation.

Blog post
J. Fang, Swedish Lizard Babies Survive Better With Warmer Temperatures, IFLScience, IFLScience, (2015) (30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Army ADP Procurement: Contracting and Market Share Information, IMTEC-90-28FS, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, (1990).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. Howard-Skipper, Leadership that promotes teacher empowerment among urban middle school science teachers, Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, (2014).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Gavin, Even at 94, Brazil’s Grande Dame of the Stage Can’t Stop Singing, in New York Times, (2016).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Instrumentation
AbbreviationJ. Instrum.
ISSN (online)1748-0221
ScopeMathematical Physics

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