How to format your references using the Journal of Insect Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Insect Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Scott JF (2007) Applications of modern ferroelectrics. Science 315:954–959
A journal article with 2 authors
Shi F, Lemmon MA (2011) Biochemistry. KSR plays CRAF-ty. Science 332:1043–1044
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang Y-C, Song S-W, Liu W-M (2014) The confinement induced resonance in spin-orbit coupled cold atoms with Raman coupling. Sci Rep 4:4992
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Ahn D-G, Kourakis MJ, Rohde LA, et al (2002) T-box gene tbx5 is essential for formation of the pectoral limb bud. Nature 417:754–758

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gu X, Jiang N, Ji K, et al (2017) Self-healing Control Technology for Distribution Networks. John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd, Singapore
An edited book
Dagnelie G (ed) (2011) Visual Prosthetics: Physiology, Bioengineering, Rehabilitation. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Liu Y, Mitryukovskiy S, Ding P, et al (2015) Backward Lasing of Femtosecond Plasma Filaments. In: Yamanouchi K, Roso L, Li R, et al. (eds) Progress in Ultrafast Intense Laser Science XII. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 89–103

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Insect Behavior.

Blog post
Luntz S (2017) Neanderthals Invented Geology, Or At Least Rock Collecting. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994) Motor Carrier Academy. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Frantz DE (2014) The effects of Aroclor 1254 on the reproductive function of male round stingrays (Urobatis halleri). Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B (2017) Review: ‘Carrie Pilby,’ Saved by Bel Powley, Superhero. New York Times C9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Scott 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Scott 2007; Shi and Lemmon 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shi and Lemmon 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Ahn et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Insect Behavior
AbbreviationJ. Insect Behav.
ISSN (print)0892-7553
ISSN (online)1572-8889
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Insect Science

Other styles