How to format your references using the Journal of Insect Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Insect Behavior (J Insect Behav). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nosengo N (2003) The quota conundrum. Nature 426:211
A journal article with 2 authors
Dubrovinskaia N, Dubrovinsky L (2013) Controversy about ultrahard nanotwinned cBN. Nature 502:E1-2
A journal article with 3 authors
Puliga M, Caldarelli G, Battiston S (2014) Credit Default Swaps networks and systemic risk. Sci Rep 4:6822
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Kuang C, Li S, Liu W, et al (2013) Breaking the diffraction barrier using fluorescence emission difference microscopy. Sci Rep 3:1441

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Koch SN, Torres SMF, Plumb DC (2012) Canine and Feline Dermatology Drug Handbook. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,., West Sussex, UK
An edited book
Cheng T (ed) (2015) Hematopoietic Differentiation of Human Pluripotent Stem Cells, 1st ed. 2015. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Debnath L, Shah FA (2015) The Wigner–Ville Distribution and Time–Frequency Signal Analysis. In: Shah FA (ed) Wavelet Transforms and Their Applications. Birkhäuser, Boston, MA, pp 287–336

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Insect Behavior.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) New Handheld Probe Detects Cancer Invaders in the Brain. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997) Proprietary Schools: Poorer Student Outcomes at Schools That Rely More on Federal Student Aid. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ware RJ (2012) Middle School Students’ Perceptions of Their Interests in Reading As Defined By Engagement and Social Interaction When Using Sustained Silent Reading, SSR, and Peer Interests Reading Strategies, PIRS. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly M (1992) THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: The Debates; Clinton Aides Try to Pressure Bush on Format. New York Times A17

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Spurgeon 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Zaanen 2000; Hirsch 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dubrovinskaia and Dubrovinsky 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Hungate et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Insect Behavior
AbbreviationJ. Insect Behav.
ISSN (print)0892-7553
ISSN (online)1572-8889
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Insect Science

Other styles