How to format your references using the Journal of Insect Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Insect Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gumbsch P (2003) Materials science. Modeling strain hardening the hard way. Science 301:1857–1858
A journal article with 2 authors
Klagsbrun M, Moses MA (2008) Obituary: M. Judah Folkman (1933-2008). Nature 451:781
A journal article with 3 authors
Chuck AL, Turner SM, Liss PS (2002) Direct evidence for a marine source of C1 and C2 alkyl nitrates. Science 297:1151–1154
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Duan X, Huang Y, Agarwal R, Lieber CM (2003) Single-nanowire electrically driven lasers. Nature 421:241–245

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rowe P (2015) Essential Statistics for the Pharmaceutical Sciences. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Falkenburg B, Morrison M (eds) (2015) Why More Is Different: Philosophical Issues in Condensed Matter Physics and Complex Systems. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Jeske S, Meinhardt F, Klassen R (2007) Extranuclear Inheritance: Virus-Like DNA-Elements in Yeast. In: Esser K, Löttge U, Beyschlag W, Murata J (eds) Progress in Botany. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 98–129

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Insect Behavior.

Blog post
Luntz S (2017) Iron Additive Turns Bacteria Into Electricity Producers. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1979) A Single Federal Authority Is Needed for Establishing or Constructing Rehabilitation Facilities. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Slade SW (2010) The complexity of leading in the 21st century: A case study of a successful charter school in an urban school district. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum MM (2017) CNN Severs Its Ties With a Host After His Vulgar Criticism of Trump. New York Times B3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gumbsch 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Gumbsch 2003; Klagsbrun and Moses 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Klagsbrun and Moses 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Duan et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Insect Behavior
AbbreviationJ. Insect Behav.
ISSN (print)0892-7553
ISSN (online)1572-8889
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Insect Science

Other styles