How to format your references using the Journal of Insect Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Insect Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jenkins A (2012) Literature: Wonders and ologies. Nature 482:32–33
A journal article with 2 authors
O’Higgins P, Elton S (2007) Anthropology. Walking on trees. Science 316:1292–1294
A journal article with 3 authors
Wasmuth EV, Januszyk K, Lima CD (2014) Structure of an Rrp6-RNA exosome complex bound to poly(A) RNA. Nature 511:435–439
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Wei H, Wei S, Tian W, et al (2014) Fabrication of thickness controllable free-standing sandwich-structured hybrid carbon film for high-rate and high-power supercapacitor. Sci Rep 4:7050

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hendrick J (2010) Law and Ethics in Children’s Nursing. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Cho WCS (ed) (2012) Acupuncture and Moxibustion as an Evidence-based Therapy for Cancer. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Dias PMC, Stuchi TJ (2011) Isaac Newton, Robert Hooke and the Mystery of the Orbit. In: Krause D, Videira A (eds) Brazilian Studies in Philosophy and History of Science: An account of recent works. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 77–94

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Insect Behavior.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Why Do Leaves Change Color In Fall? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1987) FAA’s Preboard Passenger Screening Process. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
De los Santos E (2014) Increasing the psychological well-being of undocumented Latino youth students in California: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K (2001) Pardon My Dust? Neighbors of a College Project Say No. New York Times 146

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jenkins 2012).
This sentence cites two references (O’Higgins and Elton 2007; Jenkins 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (O’Higgins and Elton 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Wei et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Insect Behavior
AbbreviationJ. Insect Behav.
ISSN (print)0892-7553
ISSN (online)1572-8889
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Insect Science

Other styles