How to format your references using the Journal of Insect Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Insect Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Allen PB (2000) Condensed-matter physics. Misbehaviour in metals. Nature 405:1007–1008
A journal article with 2 authors
Kumar K, Yang E-H (2013) On the growth mode of two-lobed curvilinear graphene domains at atmospheric pressure. Sci Rep 3:2571
A journal article with 3 authors
Grund T, Waloszek C, Helbing D (2013) How natural selection can create both self- and other-regarding preferences, and networked minds. Sci Rep 3:1480
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Radic S, Geitner NK, Podila R, et al (2013) Competitive binding of natural amphiphiles with graphene derivatives. Sci Rep 3:2273

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Scott DM (2009) World Wide Rave. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Sendra JR (2008) Rational Algebraic Curves: A Computer Algebra Approach. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Petrusel R (2012) Aggregating Individual Models of Decision-Making Processes. In: Ralyté J, Franch X, Brinkkemper S, Wrycza S (eds) Advanced Information Systems Engineering: 24th International Conference, CAiSE 2012, Gdansk, Poland, June 25-29, 2012. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 47–63

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Insect Behavior.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) How We Can Break Free From Sexism In Science. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2015) Information Technology: Library of Congress Needs to Implement Recommendations to Address Management Weaknesses. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bissell GH (2011) Working in the transference as a multicultural intervention. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L (2006) Supreme Court Set to Weigh Central Election-Law Issues. New York Times A14

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Allen 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Allen 2000; Kumar and Yang 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kumar and Yang 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Radic et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Insect Behavior
AbbreviationJ. Insect Behav.
ISSN (print)0892-7553
ISSN (online)1572-8889
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Insect Science

Other styles