How to format your references using the Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brown, G. C. (2003). Cell biology. NO says yes to mitochondria. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5608), 838–839.
A journal article with 2 authors
Burton, D. R., & Weiss, R. A. (2010). AIDS/HIV. A boost for HIV vaccine design. Science (New York, N.Y.), 329(5993), 770–773.
A journal article with 3 authors
McGinty, R. K., Henrici, R. C., & Tan, S. (2014). Crystal structure of the PRC1 ubiquitylation module bound to the nucleosome. Nature, 514(7524), 591–596.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yu, I.-M., Zhang, W., Holdaway, H. A., Li, L., Kostyuchenko, V. A., Chipman, P. R., et al. (2008). Structure of the immature dengue virus at low pH primes proteolytic maturation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5871), 1834–1837.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stull, C., Myers, P., & Scott, D. M. (2008). Tuned In. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Pardede, E. (Ed.). (2011). Community-Built Databases: Research and Development. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Noor, N. M., & Abdullah, S. (2015). A Data-Driven Study of the English Lexical Verbs Some Quantitative and Qualitative Evidence in Learners’ Academic Writing. In R. Hashim & A. B. Abdul Majeed (Eds.), Proceedings of the Colloquium on Administrative Science and Technology: CoAST 2013 (pp. 41–50). Singapore: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, July 23). Human Quadrupeds Are Not Examples of Devolution. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1974). Need for Additional Bilingual Education Teachers and the Availability of Training Programs To Prepare Them for Classroom Service (No. B-164031(1)). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Harris, K. R. (2010). The need for social workers in community clinic settings: A grant writing project (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vernon, J. (2016, October 21). The Emperor Makes a Friend. New York Times, p. BR27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brown 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Brown 2003; Burton and Weiss 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Burton and Weiss 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Yu et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship
AbbreviationJ. Innov. Entrep..
ISSN (online)2192-5372

Other styles