How to format your references using the Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
White, N. J. (2008). Qinghaosu (artemisinin): the price of success. Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5874), 330–334.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mongiat, L. A., & Schinder, A. F. (2014). Neuroscience. A price to pay for adult neurogenesis. Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6184), 594–595.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yuan, F., Depew, R., & Soltis-Muth, C. (2014). Ecosystem regime change inferred from the distribution of trace metals in Lake Erie sediments. Scientific reports, 4, 7265.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Paterson, S., Vogwill, T., Buckling, A., Benmayor, R., Spiers, A. J., Thomson, N. R., et al. (2010). Antagonistic coevolution accelerates molecular evolution. Nature, 464(7286), 275–278.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Iacus, S. M. (2011). Option Pricing and Estimation of Financial Models with R. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Marković, D. (2012). DSP Architecture Design Essentials. (R. W. Brodersen, Ed.). Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Ohori, K. A., Damiand, G., & Ledoux, H. (2014). Constructing an n-dimensional Cell Complex from a Soup of (n − 1)-Dimensional Faces. In P. Gupta & C. Zaroliagis (Eds.), Applied Algorithms: First International Conference, ICAA 2014, Kolkata, India, January 13-15, 2014. Proceedings (pp. 37–48). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, June 10). Contender For Most Massive Dinosaur May Not Have Been So Hefty After All. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). Revisions to OMB’s Circular A-130 (No. AIMD-00-183R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Humphreys, B. P. (2013). The Role of Developmental Screening Practices in Early Diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorders: An Analysis of All-Payer Claims Data in New Hampshire (Doctoral dissertation). University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. (2006, October 15). QUICK BITE | Peapack; Chocolate And a Touch Of Chic. New York Times, p. 14NJ11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (White 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Mongiat and Schinder 2014; White 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mongiat and Schinder 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Paterson et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship
AbbreviationJ. Innov. Entrep..
ISSN (online)2192-5372

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