How to format your references using the Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Koen, D. (2004). Nuts & bolts. Nature, 431(7005), 228.
A journal article with 2 authors
Domon, B., & Aebersold, R. (2006). Mass spectrometry and protein analysis. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5771), 212–217.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shubin, N., Tabin, C., & Carroll, S. (2009). Deep homology and the origins of evolutionary novelty. Nature, 457(7231), 818–823.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ren, Y., Zhang, Y., Liu, R. Z., Fenstermacher, D. A., Wright, K. L., Teer, J. K., & Wu, J. (2013). JAK1 truncating mutations in gynecologic cancer define new role of cancer-associated protein tyrosine kinase aberrations. Scientific reports, 3, 3042.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McKean, J. (2014). Customer’s New Voice. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Martin, K. (2013). Agroecology. (J. Sauerborn, Ed.). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Fogel, E., Halperin, D., & Wein, R. (2012). Arrangements of Unbounded Curves. In D. Halperin & R. Wein (Eds.), CGAL Arrangements and Their Applications: A Step-by-Step Guide (pp. 67–81). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, November 14). Watch a Gorilla Reunite With The Man Who Raised Him. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1987). [Recommendation to Congress To Relieve FAA Employee of Liability for Erroneous Payment] (No. B-227513). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Munim, A. (2013). Studies on the role of vitamin D in asthma patients from a south Florida pulmonary practice (Doctoral dissertation). Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2011, October 16). Back to Brooklyn for a U.S. Eagle. New York Times, p. SP10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Koen 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Domon and Aebersold 2006; Koen 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Domon and Aebersold 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Ren et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship
AbbreviationJ. Innov. Entrep..
ISSN (online)2192-5372

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