How to format your references using the Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Russell, T. P. (2001). Polymer dynamics. Chance encounters. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5529), 446–447.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jaffe, M., & Allam, S. (2015). POLYMER CHEMISTRY. Safer fuels by integrating polymer theory into design. Science (New York, N.Y.), 350(6256), 32.
A journal article with 3 authors
Baugh, L. R., Demodena, J., & Sternberg, P. W. (2009). RNA Pol II accumulates at promoters of growth genes during developmental arrest. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5923), 92–94.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Misra, S., Kumar, A., Ratnasekhar, C., Sharma, V., Mudiam, M. K. R., & Ravi Ram, K. (2014). Exposure to endosulfan influences sperm competition in Drosophila melanogaster. Scientific reports, 4, 7433.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hamdan, M., & Righetti, P. G. (2005). Proteomics Today. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Yamanaka, R. (Ed.). (2012). Glioma: Immunotherapeutic Approaches (Vol. 746). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Lepisto, E. (2015). Azerbaijan. In W. Hörner, H. Döbert, L. R. Reuter, & B. von Kopp (Eds.), The Education Systems of Europe (pp. 61–76). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, August 3). Researchers Find Earliest Example Of Reproduction In A Complex Organism. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1990). ADP Telecommunications: HCFA Needs to Expedite Transition to FTS 2000 (No. IMTEC-91-10). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Decker, K. M. (2013). A study of relationships between counselor education, social justice advocacy competence, and likelihood to advocate (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2006, January 24). Justices Curb States’ Immunity From Suit. New York Times, p. A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Russell 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Jaffe and Allam 2015; Russell 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jaffe and Allam 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Misra et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship
AbbreviationJ. Innov. Entrep..
ISSN (online)2192-5372

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