How to format your references using the Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Renne, P. R. (2002). Geology. Flood basalts--bigger and badder. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5574), 1812–1813.
A journal article with 2 authors
Masataka, N., & Perlovsky, L. (2013). Cognitive interference can be mitigated by consonant music and facilitated by dissonant music. Scientific reports, 3, 2028.
A journal article with 3 authors
Andersson, J. O., Doolittle, W. F., & Nesbø, C. L. (2001). Genomics. Are there bugs in our genome? Science (New York, N.Y.), 292(5523), 1848–1850.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Veneti, Z., Bentley, J. K., Koana, T., Braig, H. R., & Hurst, G. D. D. (2005). A functional dosage compensation complex required for male killing in Drosophila. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5714), 1461–1463.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety, & American Industrial Hygiene Association. (2009). Continuous Monitoring for Hazardous Material Releases. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Rogers, R. (2005). Fundamentals of Forensic Practice: Mental Health and Criminal Law. (D. W. Shuman, Ed.). Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
East, K., Fitzgerald, L. M., & Heston, M. L. (2009). Talking Teaching and Learning: Using Dialogue in Self-Study. In L. Fitzgerald, M. Heston, & D. Tidwell (Eds.), Research Methods for the Self-study of Practice (pp. 55–72). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2017, March 6). Air Pollution Kills More Children Globally Than Malaria. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). Railroad Safety: Accident Trends and FRA Safety Programs (No. T-RCED-92-23). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Reynolds, P. R. (2004). Midkine (MK) Regulates Pulmonary Vascular Remodeling During Hypoxia (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Qiu, L. (2017, March 22). Democrats Are Unified, but Not Always Accurate, on Health Bill Attacks. New York Times, p. A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Renne 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Masataka and Perlovsky 2013; Renne 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Masataka and Perlovsky 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Veneti et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship
AbbreviationJ. Innov. Entrep..
ISSN (online)2192-5372

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