How to format your references using the Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lewis, S. L. (2010). How to beat the media in the climate street fight. Nature, 468(7320), 7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sutherland, W. J., & Burgman, M. (2015). Policy advice: Use experts wisely. Nature, 526(7573), 317–318.
A journal article with 3 authors
Manoharan, V. N., Elsesser, M. T., & Pine, D. J. (2003). Dense packing and symmetry in small clusters of microspheres. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5632), 483–487.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Mukhtasimova, N., Lee, W. Y., Wang, H.-L., & Sine, S. M. (2009). Detection and trapping of intermediate states priming nicotinic receptor channel opening. Nature, 459(7245), 451–454.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gilhus, N. E., Barnes, M. P., & Brainin, M. (2010). European Handbook of Neurological Management. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Keller, H. B., Plödereder, E., Dencker, P., & Klenk, H. (Eds.). (2013). Reliable Software Technologies – Ada-Europe 2013: 18th Ada-Europe International Conference on Reliable Software Technologies, Berlin, Germany, June 10-14, 2013. Proceedings (Vol. 7896). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Cavalli, R. M. (2013). Integrated Approach for Archaeological Prospection Exploiting Airborne Hyperspectral Remote Sensing. In C. Corsi, B. Slapšak, & F. Vermeulen (Eds.), Good Practice in Archaeological Diagnostics: Non-invasive Survey of Complex Archaeological Sites (pp. 87–112). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, July 12). Controversial GM Food Labeling Bill Approved By US Senate. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). Information Technology: Assessment of the Commerce Department’s Report on Worker Demand and Supply (No. T-HEHS-98-144). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hatton, H. (2013). How Rural Elementary Building Principals Conceptualize the Programs in Their Schools, the Processes of Connecting Students to Programs, and Their Leadership Role in Doing So (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. (2009, May 10). Soul Food With a Secret. New York Times, p. NJ9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lewis 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Lewis 2010; Sutherland and Burgman 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sutherland and Burgman 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Mukhtasimova et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship
AbbreviationJ. Innov. Entrep..
ISSN (online)2192-5372

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