How to format your references using the Journal of Innate Immunity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Innate Immunity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Egan G. Only connect. Nature. 2000 Feb;403(6770):599.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Lancaster MA, Knoblich JA. Organogenesis in a dish: modeling development and disease using organoid technologies. Science. 2014 Jul;345(6194):1247125.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Lukens JM, Leaird DE, Weiner AM. A temporal cloak at telecommunication data rate. Nature. 2013 Jun;498(7453):205–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Zacharias DA, Violin JD, Newton AC, Tsien RY. Partitioning of lipid-modified monomeric GFPs into membrane microdomains of live cells. Science. 2002 May;296(5569):913–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Perez A. VoLTE and ViLTE. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1
Picci P, Manfrini M, Fabbri N, Gambarotti M, Vanel D, editors. Atlas of Musculoskeletal Tumors and Tumorlike Lesions: The Rizzoli Case Archive. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Golubic S, Radtke G. The trace Rhopalia clavigera isp. n. reflects the development of its maker Eugomontia sacculata Kornmann, 1960. In: Wisshak M, Tapanila L, editors. Current Developments in Bioerosion. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008; pp 95–108.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Innate Immunity.

Blog post
1
Davis J. New Metal Composite Can Float On Water [Internet]. IFLScience. 2015 May [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/physics/new-metal-composite-so-light-it-floats/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Airport Financing: Annual Funding As Much As $3 Billion Less Than Planned Development. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Jackson M. A Bibliometric Analysis of Green Building Literature. 2012

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Poniewozik J. Harshing the Mellow of Angsty Hipsters. New York Times. 2016 Sep;C9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Innate Immunity
AbbreviationJ. Innate Immun.
ISSN (print)1662-811X
ISSN (online)1662-8128
ScopeImmunology and Allergy

Other styles