How to format your references using the Journal of Innate Immunity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Innate Immunity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
’t Hooft G. The making of the standard model. Nature. 2007 Jul;448(7151):271–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
van der Goes van Naters W, Carlson JR. Insects as chemosensors of humans and crops. Nature. 2006 Nov;444(7117):302–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
van Os J, Kenis G, Rutten BPF. The environment and schizophrenia. Nature. 2010 Nov;468(7321):203–12.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Knapp AK, Fay PA, Blair JM, Collins SL, Smith MD, Carlisle JD, et al. Rainfall variability, carbon cycling, and plant species diversity in a mesic grassland. Science. 2002 Dec;298(5601):2202–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Massad JJ, Cagna DR, Goodacre CJ, Wicks RA, Ahuja SA. Application of the Neutral Zone in Prosthodontics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
1
Hervás R, Lee S, Nugent C, Bravo J, editors. Ubiquitous Computing and Ambient Intelligence. Personalisation and User Adapted Services: 8th International Conference, UCAmI 2014, Belfast, UK, December 2-5, 2014. Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Dong G, Pei J. Sequence Motifs: Identifying and Characterizing Sequence Families. In: Pei J, editor. Sequence Data Mining. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2007; pp 67–87.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Innate Immunity.

Blog post
1
Carpineti A. Intelligent Dressing Glows When Wounds Are Infected [Internet]. IFLScience. 2015 Oct

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Space Station: Cost to Operate After Assembly is Uncertain. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Dinneny PN. End of August. 2017

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Vecsey G. As Colts Rested, Jets Awoke. New York Times. 2010 Jan;D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Innate Immunity
AbbreviationJ. Innate Immun.
ISSN (print)1662-811X
ISSN (online)1662-8128
ScopeImmunology and Allergy

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