How to format your references using the Frontiers in Food Microbiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Food Microbiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wadman, M. (2002). Power vacuum expands as CDC director resigns. Nature 415, 946.
A journal article with 2 authors
Oki, T., and Kanae, S. (2006). Global hydrological cycles and world water resources. Science 313, 1068–1072.
A journal article with 3 authors
Marhas, K. K., Goswami, J. N., and Davis, A. M. (2002). Short-lived nuclides in hibonite grains from Murchison: evidence for solar system evolution. Science 298, 2182–2185.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Rusakov, D. A., Scimemi, A., Walker, M. C., and Kullmann, D. M. (2004). Comment on “Role of NMDA receptor subtypes in governing the direction of hippocampal synaptic plasticity.” Science 305, 1912; author reply.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D’Amico, G., Di Biase, G., Janssen, J., and Manca, R. (2017). Semi-Markov Migration Models for Credit Risk. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Fred, A., De Marsico, M., and Figueiredo, M. eds. (2015). Pattern Recognition: Applications and Methods: 4th International Conference, ICPRAM 2015, Lisbon, Portugal, January 10-12, 2015, Revised Selected Papers. 1st ed. 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Joardder, M. U. H., Karim, A., Kumar, C., and Brown, R. J. (2016). “Effect of Porosity on Drying Kinetics and Food Properties,” in Porosity: Establishing the Relationship between Drying Parameters and Dried Food Quality SpringerBriefs in Food, Health, and Nutrition., eds. A. Karim, C. Kumar, and R. J. Brown (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 47–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Food Microbiology.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016). New Treatment “Reverses” Alzheimer’s Disease. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2012). Ownership by Minority, Female, and Disadvantaged Firms in the Pipeline Industry. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Harris, K. R. (2010). The need for social workers in community clinic settings: A grant writing project.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C. (2013). At These Screenings, the Writers Get the Applause. New York Times, A25B.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wadman, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Wadman, 2002; Oki and Kanae, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Oki and Kanae, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Rusakov et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Food Microbiology
AbbreviationFront. Microbiol.
ISSN (online)1664-302X
Microbiology (medical)

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