How to format your references using the Frontiers in Food Microbiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Food Microbiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bonnell, D. A. (2013). Materials science. Ferroelectric organic materials catch up with oxides. Science 339, 401–402.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gantz, V. M., and Bier, E. (2015). Genome editing. The mutagenic chain reaction: a method for converting heterozygous to homozygous mutations. Science 348, 442–444.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cerritelli, S. M., Chon, H., and Crouch, R. J. (2011). Molecular biology. A new twist for topoisomerase. Science 332, 1510–1511.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Gauvin, L., Panisson, A., Cattuto, C., and Barrat, A. (2013). Activity clocks: spreading dynamics on temporal networks of human contact. Sci. Rep. 3, 3099.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rémond, Y., Ahzi, S., Baniassadi, M., and Garmestani, H. (2016). Applied RVE Reconstruction and Homogenization of Heterogeneous Materials. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Papathanassis, A., Breitner, M. H., Schoen, C., and Guhr, N. eds. (2012). Cruise Management: Information and Decision Support Systems. Wiesbaden: Gabler Verlag.
A chapter in an edited book
Li, J., Chen, J., and Wang, S. (2011). “Dynamic Inventory Management with Short-Term Financing,” in Risk Management of Supply and Cash Flows in Supply Chains International Series in Operations Research & Management Science., eds. J. Chen and S. Wang (New York, NY: Springer), 127–148.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Food Microbiology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2016). These Are Actual Images Of Sunspots On A Star 181 Light-Years Away. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2006). Homeland Security: Progress Continues, but Challenges Remain on Department’s Management of Information Technology. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cannon, M. P. (2013). Cenozoic kinematics of the Little Pine fault, Santa Maria Basin, California.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J. (2017). Netflix Signs New Deal With Rhimes. New York Times, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bonnell, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Bonnell, 2013; Gantz and Bier, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gantz and Bier, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Gauvin et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Food Microbiology
AbbreviationFront. Microbiol.
ISSN (online)1664-302X
Microbiology (medical)

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