How to format your references using the Frontiers in Food Microbiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Food Microbiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Watzman, H. (2000). Software spend boosts Israeli R&D. Nature 405, 603.
A journal article with 2 authors
Greenberg, D. A., and Jin, K. (2005). From angiogenesis to neuropathology. Nature 438, 954–959.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kormendy, J., Bender, R., and Cornell, M. E. (2011). Supermassive black holes do not correlate with galaxy disks or pseudobulges. Nature 469, 374–376.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Diddams, S. A., Bergquist, J. C., Jefferts, S. R., and Oates, C. W. (2004). Standards of time and frequency at the outset of the 21st century. Science 306, 1318–1324.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kay, J., and Tasman, A. (2006). Essentials of Psychiatry. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Meier, A. (2009). eBusiness & eCommerce: Managing the Digital Value Chain. , ed. H. Stormer Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Gisonni, C., and Hager, W. H. (2012). “Sistemi di pompaggio e dispositivi di controllo,” in Idraulica dei sistemi fognari: Dalla teoria alla pratica, ed. W. H. Hager (Milano: Springer), 71–97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Food Microbiology.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015). Astronomers Observe Traces Of A Galactic Dance. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007). Federal Family Education Loan Program: Eliminating the Exceptional Performer Designation Would Result in Substantial Savings without Adversely Affecting the Loan Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Roberson, K. L. (2017). Patient and Family Engagement Initiative: A Quantitative Causal-Comparative Analysis.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S. K. (2004). World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Summer Camp For Budding Thieves. New York Times, A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Watzman, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Watzman, 2000; Greenberg and Jin, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Greenberg and Jin, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Diddams et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Food Microbiology
AbbreviationFront. Microbiol.
ISSN (online)1664-302X
Microbiology (medical)

Other styles