How to format your references using the Frontiers in Food Microbiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Food Microbiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Keitt, T. H. (2008). Coherent ecological dynamics induced by large-scale disturbance. Nature 454, 331–334.
A journal article with 2 authors
Clark, J. S., and McLachlan, J. S. (2003). Stability of forest biodiversity. Nature 423, 635–638.
A journal article with 3 authors
Brandes, M., Willimann, K., and Moser, B. (2005). Professional antigen-presentation function by human gammadelta T Cells. Science 309, 264–268.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kemiktarak, U., Ndukum, T., Schwab, K. C., and Ekinci, K. L. (2007). Radio-frequency scanning tunnelling microscopy. Nature 450, 85–88.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Häberlin, H. (2012). Photovoltaics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
David, R. (2010). Discrete, Continuous, and Hybrid Petri Nets. , ed. H. Alla Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Geoffrion, A. M., and Graves§, G. W. (2010). “Multicommodity Distribution System Design by Benders Decomposition * † ‡,” in A Long View of Research and Practice in Operations Research and Management Science: The Past and the Future International Series in Operations Research & Management Science., eds. M. S. Sodhi and C. S. Tang (Boston, MA: Springer US), 35–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Food Microbiology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). Genet Rides Piggyback on Rhinos and Buffaloes. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1977). Problems Found With Government Acquisition and Use of Computers From November 1965 to December 1976. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pan, A. (2017). The Mental Health and Well-Being of College Students in Cambodia.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S. K. (2002). World Briefing | Europe: Ukraine: Panel To Study Reforms. New York Times, A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Keitt, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Clark and McLachlan, 2003; Keitt, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Clark and McLachlan, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Kemiktarak et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Food Microbiology
AbbreviationFront. Microbiol.
ISSN (online)1664-302X
Microbiology (medical)

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