How to format your references using the Frontiers in Food Microbiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Food Microbiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marchetti, M. C. (2015). Soft matter: Frictionless fluids from bacterial teamwork. Nature 525, 37–39.
A journal article with 2 authors
Moënne-Loccoz, P., and Fee, J. A. (2010). Biochemistry. Catalyzing NO to N2O in the nitrogen cycle. Science 330, 1632–1633.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zikherman, J., Parameswaran, R., and Weiss, A. (2012). Endogenous antigen tunes the responsiveness of naive B cells but not T cells. Nature 489, 160–164.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Gomez-Nicola, D., Riecken, K., Fehse, B., and Perry, V. H. (2014). In-vivo RGB marking and multicolour single-cell tracking in the adult brain. Sci. Rep. 4, 7520.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Biegelman, M. T., and Biegelman, D. R. (2010). Foreign Corrupt Practices Act Compliance Guidebook. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Lin, L. (2012). Statistical Tools for Measuring Agreement. 1st ed. , eds. A. S. Hedayat and W. Wu New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Sharma, D., Saharan, B. S., and Kapil, S. (2016). “Structural Properties of Biosurfactants of Lab,” in Biosurfactants of Lactic Acid Bacteria SpringerBriefs in Microbiology., eds. B. S. Saharan and S. Kapil (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 47–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Food Microbiology.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014). Moon Dances With Planets. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004). Homeland Security: Efforts Under Way to Develop Enterprise Architecture, but Much Work Remains. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nambiar, V. R. (2012). A Grounded Theory Study on Business Excellence Models in the United Arab Emirates.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2003). Reclaiming a Shabby Block of Maritime History. New York Times, 147.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Marchetti, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Moënne-Loccoz and Fee, 2010; Marchetti, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Moënne-Loccoz and Fee, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Gomez-Nicola et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Food Microbiology
AbbreviationFront. Microbiol.
ISSN (online)1664-302X
Microbiology (medical)

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