How to format your references using the Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Simons BD (2013) Development. Getting your gut into shape. Science 342:203–204
A journal article with 2 authors
Wardle DA, Lindahl BD (2014) Ecology. Disentangling global soil fungal diversity. Science 346:1052–1053
A journal article with 3 authors
McCloskey J, Nalbant SS, Steacy S (2005) Indonesian earthquake: earthquake risk from co-seismic stress. Nature 434:291
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Abzhanov A, Protas M, Grant BR, et al (2004) Bmp4 and morphological variation of beaks in Darwin’s finches. Science 305:1462–1465

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Black R (2016) Pragmatic Software Testing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Indianapolis, Indiana
An edited book
Elleithy K, Sobh T (eds) (2015) New Trends in Networking, Computing, E-learning, Systems Sciences, and Engineering. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Galtung J, Fischer D (2013) Cultural Violence. In: Fischer D (ed) Johan Galtung: Pioneer of Peace Research. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 41–58

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease.

Blog post
Luntz S (2017) How Learning To Read Transforms Your Deep Brain. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999) Federal Research Grants: Compensation Paid to Graduate Students at the University of California. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Swofford DM (2009) Impact of a pharmaceutical company’s leadership development program on participant leadership behavior. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K (2001) Columbia Roils Neighbors Again, Now Over an Elementary School. New York Times 144

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Simons 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Simons 2013; Wardle and Lindahl 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wardle and Lindahl 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Abzhanov et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
AbbreviationJ. Inherit. Metab. Dis.
ISSN (print)0141-8955
ISSN (online)1573-2665

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