How to format your references using the Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schloss PD (2014) Microbiology: An integrated view of the skin microbiome. Nature 514:44–45
A journal article with 2 authors
Hadders MA, Lens SMA (2014) Cell biology. Mind the midzone. Science 345:265–266
A journal article with 3 authors
Mulch A, Graham SA, Chamberlain CP (2006) Hydrogen isotopes in Eocene river gravels and paleoelevation of the Sierra Nevada. Science 313:87–89
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Benenson Y, Paz-Elizur T, Adar R, et al (2001) Programmable and autonomous computing machine made of biomolecules. Nature 414:430–434

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Church RL, Murray AT (2008) Business Site Selection, Location Analysis and GIS. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Camesano TA (ed) (2015) Nanotechnology to Aid Chemical and Biological Defense, 1st ed. 2015. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Ruhsam M (2016) I Want to Work With You Because I Can Speak for Myself: The Potential of Postconsensual Collaboration in Choreographic Practice. In: Colin N, Sachsenmaier S (eds) Collaboration in Performance Practice: Premises, Workings and Failures. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, pp 75–92

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease.

Blog post
Luntz S (2014) New Study Suggests Genetic Link To Homosexuality. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2015) Information Security: Department of Education and Other Federal Agencies Need to Better Implement Controls. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lincoln JJ (2010) Creating a lesson that addresses gender differences in physics testing a specific instructional technique in college level physics education. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hartocollis A (2014) Snow Brings Days of Tumult for Nursing Home Residents. New York Times A21

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schloss 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Hadders and Lens 2014; Schloss 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hadders and Lens 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Benenson et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
AbbreviationJ. Inherit. Metab. Dis.
ISSN (print)0141-8955
ISSN (online)1573-2665

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