How to format your references using the Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Merryfield B (2005) Ocean science. Ocean mixing in 10 steps. Science 308:641–642
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang T, Overgaard J (2007) Ecology. The heartbreak of adapting to global warming. Science 315:49–50
A journal article with 3 authors
Niethammer P, Bastiaens P, Karsenti E (2004) Stathmin-tubulin interaction gradients in motile and mitotic cells. Science 303:1862–1866
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Burt RK, Abinun M, Farge-Bancel D, et al (2010) Risks of immune system treatments. Science 328:825–826

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety (2015) Guidelines for Defining Process Safety Competency Requirements. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Wilson VG (ed) (2009) SUMO Regulation of Cellular Processes. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Civettini AJW (2011) Barack Obama and the Political Science of Hope. In: Engelken-Jorge M, Güell PI, del Río CM (eds) Politics and Emotions: The Obama Phenomenon. VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, Wiesbaden, pp 95–106

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Russian Company Announces It Is Planning To Build A Lunar Base. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2014) FAA Reauthorization Act: Progress and Challenges Implementing Various Provisions of the 2012 Act. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Calderwood A (2014) Improving the singer’s understanding of bebop language: Transcription application. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Conte L (2011) Scouting Report. New York Times E5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Merryfield 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Merryfield 2005; Wang and Overgaard 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wang and Overgaard 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Burt et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
AbbreviationJ. Inherit. Metab. Dis.
ISSN (print)0141-8955
ISSN (online)1573-2665

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