How to format your references using the Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Leonard DC (2007) Astronomy. A supernova riddle. Science 315:193–194
A journal article with 2 authors
Wallenfang MR, Matunis E (2003) Developmental biology. Orienting stem cells. Science 301:1490–1491
A journal article with 3 authors
Peñalver E, Grimaldi DA, Delclòs X (2006) Early Cretaceous spider web with its prey. Science 312:1761
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Abram NJ, Gagan MK, McCulloch MT, et al (2003) Coral reef death during the 1997 Indian Ocean Dipole linked to Indonesian wildfires. Science 301:952–955

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ben Mahmoud MS, Larrieu N, Pirovano A (2013) Risk Propagation Assessment for Network Security. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Gentili G (2016) The Ulnar Nerve: Sensory and Motor Conduction Studies. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Shirikyan A (2008) Exponential Mixing for Randomly Forced Partial Differential Equations: Method of Coupling. In: Bardos C, Fursikov A (eds) Instability in Models Connected with Fluid Flows II. Springer, New York, NY, pp 155–188

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Could The Pill Save The Polar Bear? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1984) New Directions for Federal Programs To Aid Mathematics and Science Teaching. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wilson P (2015) A Case Study of the Efficacy of Middle College on Educational Advancement. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Marx L (2014) Saying ‘Yes’ Before a Studio Audience. New York Times ST18

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Leonard 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Wallenfang and Matunis 2003; Leonard 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wallenfang and Matunis 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Abram et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
AbbreviationJ. Inherit. Metab. Dis.
ISSN (print)0141-8955
ISSN (online)1573-2665

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