How to format your references using the Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fischhoff B (2015) The realities of risk-cost-benefit analysis. Science 350:aaa6516
A journal article with 2 authors
Byers J, Dunn S (2012) Bateman in nature: predation on offspring reduces the potential for sexual selection. Science 338:802–804
A journal article with 3 authors
Dian BC, Clarkson JR, Zwier TS (2004) Direct measurement of energy thresholds to conformational isomerization in tryptamine. Science 303:1169–1173
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Sondermann P, Huber R, Oosthuizen V, Jacob U (2000) The 3.2-A crystal structure of the human IgG1 Fc fragment-Fc gammaRIII complex. Nature 406:267–273

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pardoe I (2006) Applied Regression Modeling. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Chow JH (ed) (2013) Power System Coherency and Model Reduction. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Xidonas P, Mavrotas G, Krintas T, et al (2012) Portfolio Performance Evaluation. In: Mavrotas G, Krintas T, Psarras J, Zopounidis C (eds) Multicriteria Portfolio Management. Springer, New York, NY, pp 85–104

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2016) Leaked Paper Suggests That The EmDrive Actually Works. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2010) Joint Strike Fighter: Significant Challenges Remain as DOD Restructures Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lewis DS (2010) Global Educational Ecosystem: Case study of a partnership with K–12 schools, community organizations, and business. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Parker J (2016) Dear Diary (Volume 1 of 148). New York Times BR23

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fischhoff 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Byers and Dunn 2012; Fischhoff 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Byers and Dunn 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Sondermann et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
AbbreviationJ. Inherit. Metab. Dis.
ISSN (print)0141-8955
ISSN (online)1573-2665

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