How to format your references using the Journal of Informetrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Informetrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Manasse, H. R., Jr. (2005). Public health. Conscientious objection and the pharmacist. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5728), 1558–1559.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hachet, O., & Ephrussi, A. (2004). Splicing of oskar RNA in the nucleus is coupled to its cytoplasmic localization. Nature, 428(6986), 959–963.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sia, G. M., Clem, R. L., & Huganir, R. L. (2013). The human language-associated gene SRPX2 regulates synapse formation and vocalization in mice. Science (New York, N.Y.), 342(6161), 987–991.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Mukherjee, A., Sen, T. K., Ghorai, P. K., & Mandal, S. K. (2013). The non-innocent phenalenyl unit: an electronic nest to modulate the catalytic activity in hydroamination reaction. Scientific Reports, 3, 2821.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Attoh-Okine, N. O. (2017). Big Data and Differential Privacy. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Siarry, P. (Ed.). (2016). Metaheuristics. Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Bial, D., Appelmann, T., Rukzio, E., & Schmidt, A. (2012). Improving Cyclists Training with Tactile Feedback on Feet. In C. Magnusson, D. Szymczak, & S. Brewster (Eds.), Haptic and Audio Interaction Design: 7th International Conference, HAID 2012, Lund, Sweden, August 23-24, 2012. Proceedings (pp. 41–50). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Informetrics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, September 12). Giant Manta Ray Tangled In Fishing Line Appears To “Ask For Help” From Divers. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). Early Childhood Programs: Characteristics Affect the Availability of School Readiness Information (HEHS-00-38). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hensley, A. L. (2009). Gender, personality, and coping: Unraveling gender in military post -deployment physical and mental wellness [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mueller, B., & Baker, A. L. (2016, October 7). A Mother Slain on a Playground, a Sea of Witnesses Gone Silent. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Manasse, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Hachet & Ephrussi, 2004; Manasse, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hachet & Ephrussi, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Sia et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Mukherjee et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Informetrics
AbbreviationJ. Informetr.
ISSN (print)1751-1577
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Library and Information Sciences

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