How to format your references using the Journal of Informetrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Informetrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Seliktar, D. (2012). Designing cell-compatible hydrogels for biomedical applications. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6085), 1124–1128.
A journal article with 2 authors
Maechler, P., & Wollheim, C. B. (2001). Mitochondrial function in normal and diabetic beta-cells. Nature, 414(6865), 807–812.
A journal article with 3 authors
Titus, T. N., Kieffer, H. H., & Christensen, P. R. (2003). Exposed water ice discovered near the south pole of Mars. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5609), 1048–1051.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Toppani, A., Robert, F., Libourel, G., de Donato, P., Barres, O., d’Hendecourt, L., & Ghanbaja, J. (2005). A “dry” condensation origin for circumstellar carbonates. Nature, 437(7062), 1121–1124.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yu, J., & Tao, D. (2013). Modern Machine Learning Techniques and Their Applications in Cartoon Animation Research. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Arestis, P., & Sawyer, M. (Eds.). (2016). Financial Liberalisation: Past, Present and Future. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Kosch, S., & Beck, J. C. (2014). A New MIP Model for Parallel-Batch Scheduling with Non-identical Job Sizes. In H. Simonis (Ed.), Integration of AI and OR Techniques in Constraint Programming: 11th International Conference, CPAIOR 2014, Cork, Ireland, May 19-23, 2014. Proceedings (pp. 55–70). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Informetrics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, August 16). Divers Find The Flying Spaghetti Monster Under The Ocean. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1981). Coordinating and Linking Programs Directed Toward Increasing the Numbers of Minority and Disadvantaged Individuals in the Health Professions (No. HRD-81-87). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schmisseur, B. E. (2002). An Evaluation of Noise Reduction Effectiveness in Four Digital Hearing Aids (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear, M. D., & Davis, J. H. (2017, September 5). U.S. Ends Program Giving ‘Dreamers’ Legal Protection. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Seliktar, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Maechler & Wollheim, 2001; Seliktar, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Maechler & Wollheim, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Titus, Kieffer, & Christensen, 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Toppani et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Informetrics
AbbreviationJ. Informetr.
ISSN (print)1751-1577
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Library and Information Sciences

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