How to format your references using the Journal of Informetrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Informetrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain, C. (2015). And the winner is: not science. Nature, 518(7538), 139.
A journal article with 2 authors
Della Valle, M., & Gilmozzi, R. (2002). Rebirth of novae as distance indicators due to efficient, large telescopes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5571), 1275.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ohde, T., Yaginuma, T., & Niimi, T. (2013). Insect morphological diversification through the modification of wing serial homologs. Science (New York, N.Y.), 340(6131), 495–498.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Johnson, P. A., Savage, H., Knuth, M., Gomberg, J., & Marone, C. (2008). Effects of acoustic waves on stick-slip in granular media and implications for earthquakes. Nature, 451(7174), 57–60.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rezg, N., Dellagi, S., & Khatab, A. (2014). Joint Optimization of Maintenance and Production Policies. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Astashev, V. K. (2007). Ultrasonic Processes and Machines: Dynamics, Control and Applications (V. I. Babitsky & K. Khusnutdinova, Eds.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Martín, M. E., Sánchez, M. L., Muñoz-Losa, A., Fdez. Galván, I., & Aguilar, M. A. (2015). Accelerating QM/MM Calculations by Using the Mean Field Approximation. In J.-L. Rivail, M. Ruiz-Lopez, & X. Assfeld (Eds.), Quantum Modeling of Complex Molecular Systems (pp. 135–152). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Informetrics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, August 26). Clouds Of Water Vapour Detected Just 7 Light-Years Away. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). Federal Research: The SEMATECH Consortium’s Start-up Activities (RCED-90-37). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hansell, L. (2017). Perceptions of Supervisor Ethical Behavior by Psychology Interns [Doctoral dissertation]. Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mueller, B. (2015, June 28). Size of Manhunt Area for 2nd Prison Escapee Significantly Expanded. New York Times, A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macilwain, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Della Valle & Gilmozzi, 2002; Macilwain, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Della Valle & Gilmozzi, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Ohde et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Johnson et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Informetrics
AbbreviationJ. Informetr.
ISSN (print)1751-1577
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Library and Information Sciences

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