How to format your references using the Journal of Information Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Information Technology (JIT). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dando, P. R. (2008). Obituary: Alan J. Southward (1928-2007), Nature 451(7174): 28.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reineke, S. and Baldo, M. A. (2014). Room temperature triplet state spectroscopy of organic semiconductors, Scientific reports 4: 3797.
A journal article with 3 authors
MacLeod, N., Benfield, M. and Culverhouse, P. (2010). Time to automate identification, Nature 467(7312): 154–155.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lasorella, A., Noseda, M., Beyna, M., Yokota, Y. and Iavarone, A. (2000). Id2 is a retinoblastoma protein target and mediates signalling by Myc oncoproteins, Nature 407(6804): 592–598.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Runcie, T. and Dochtermann, M. (2013). Making Effective Business Decisions Using Microsoft Project, Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Martinelli, E. (Ed.). (2011). Classi caratteristiche e questioni connesse, Vol. 41, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Monnet, C., De Baets, K. and Yacobucci, M. M. (2015). Buckman’s Rules of Covariation, In C. Klug, D. Korn, K. De Baets, I. Kruta, & R. H. Mapes (Eds.), Ammonoid Paleobiology: From Macroevolution to Paleogeography, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, pp. 67–94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Information Technology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, June 12). Imagine A World Without Oil, IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). USDA Research and Extension Agencies: Missions, Structures, and Budgets (No. RCED-93-74FS), Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yasa, S. R. (2017). Visual Basic Simulation of H2S Removal from Natural Gas at Downhole in an Extraction Well (Doctoral dissertation).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. (1992, November 5). The Winners Shift Gears: What Now?, New York Times, p. B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dando, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Dando, 2008; Reineke and Baldo, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Reineke and Baldo, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Lasorella et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Information Technology
AbbreviationJ. Inf. Technol.
ISSN (print)0268-3962
ISSN (online)1466-4437
ScopeStrategy and Management
Information Systems
Library and Information Sciences

Other styles