How to format your references using the Journal of Information Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Information Technology (JIT). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Folbre, N. (2008). Economics. When a commodity is not exactly a commodity, Science (New York, N.Y.) 319(5871): 1769–1770.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cullimore, J. and Dénarié, J. (2003). Plant sciences. How legumes select their sweet talking symbionts, Science (New York, N.Y.) 302(5645): 575–578.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee, J., Park, J. and Choi, C. (2014). Identification of phenotype deterministic genes using systemic analysis of transcriptional response, Scientific reports 4: 4413.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gogolla, N., Caroni, P., Lüthi, A. and Herry, C. (2009). Perineuronal nets protect fear memories from erasure, Science (New York, N.Y.) 325(5945): 1258–1261.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Franssen, J.-M. and Vila Real, P. (2016). Fire Design of Steel Structures, Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Havelund, K., Majumdar, R. and Palsberg, J. (Eds.). (2008). Model Checking Software: 15th International SPIN Workshop, Los Angeles, CA, USA, August 10-12, 2008 Proceedings, Vol. 5156, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Gjedrem, T. and Olesen, I. (2005). Basic Statistical Parameters, In T. Gjedrem (Ed.), Selection and Breeding Programs in Aquaculture, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, pp. 45–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Information Technology.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, September 7). Scientists Have ‘Squeezed’ Light, IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2009). Transportation Programs: Challenges Facing the Department of Transportation and Congress (No. GAO-09-435T), Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stefania, S. (2017). From Italian American Icon to Working Class Hero: Perspectives on Pietro di Donato’s ‘Christ in Concrete’ (Doctoral dissertation).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barnes, B. (2012, July 9). In the Footsteps of Marvel, New York Times, p. B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macilwain, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Gladstone, 2014; Young, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cullimore and Dénarié, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Hundley et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Information Technology
AbbreviationJ. Inf. Technol.
ISSN (print)0268-3962
ISSN (online)1466-4437
ScopeStrategy and Management
Information Systems
Library and Information Sciences

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