How to format your references using the Journal of Information Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Information Technology (JIT). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schier, A. F. (2007). The maternal-zygotic transition: death and birth of RNAs, Science (New York, N.Y.) 316(5823): 406–407.
A journal article with 2 authors
Campbell, N. and Grayson, M. (2014). Index 2014 Global, Nature 515(7526): S49.
A journal article with 3 authors
Saeed, Y., Singh, N. and Schwingenschlögl, U. (2014). Superior thermoelectric response in the 3R phases of hydrated NaxRhO2, Scientific reports 4: 4390.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Budowle, B., Schutzer, S. E., Einseln, A., Kelley, L. C., Walsh, A. C., Smith, J. A. L., Marrone, B. L., Robertson, J. and Campos, J. (2003). Public health. Building microbial forensics as a response to bioterrorism, Science (New York, N.Y.) 301(5641): 1852–1853.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bartley, T. (2011). Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for Cancer, Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Futer, D. (2013). Guts of Surfaces and the Colored Jones Polynomial, (E. Kalfagianni & J. Purcell, Eds.), Vol. 2069, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Barni, M., Bernaschi, M., Lazzeretti, R., Pignata, T. and Sabellico, A. (2014). Parallel Implementation of GC-Based MPC Protocols in the Semi-Honest Setting, In J. Garcia-Alfaro, G. Lioudakis, N. Cuppens-Boulahia, S. Foley, & W. M. Fitzgerald (Eds.), Data Privacy Management and Autonomous Spontaneous Security: 8th International Workshop, DPM 2013, and 6th International Workshop, SETOP 2013, Egham, UK, September 12-13, 2013, Revised Selected Papers, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, pp. 66–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Information Technology.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, May 20). The Two-Spot Octopus Can See Without Eyes, IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2012). Review of FAA’s Collegiate Training Initiative as Mandated in the FAA Modernization and Reform Act of 2012 (No. GAO-12-996R), Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Valley, M. T. (2010). Deciphering the function of granule cell interneurons in the mouse main olfactory bulb: Insights from adult neurogenesis and local-field potentials (Doctoral dissertation).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lee, L. (2012, March 4). Chandana Kanithi and Siva Korukonda, New York Times, p. ST14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schier, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Campbell and Grayson, 2014; Schier, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Campbell and Grayson, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Budowle et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Information Technology
AbbreviationJ. Inf. Technol.
ISSN (print)0268-3962
ISSN (online)1466-4437
ScopeStrategy and Management
Information Systems
Library and Information Sciences

Other styles