How to format your references using the Journal of Information Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Information Technology (JIT). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Maxmen, A. (2015). Animal behaviour: Come mate with me, Nature 526(7572): S8-10.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lavik, E. and Ustin, J. (2012). Medicine. Leveraging shear stress to bust clots with nanoparticles, Science (New York, N.Y.) 337(6095): 658–659.
A journal article with 3 authors
Miyazawa, A., Fujiyoshi, Y. and Unwin, N. (2003). Structure and gating mechanism of the acetylcholine receptor pore, Nature 423(6943): 949–955.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Depuydt, M., Leonard, S. E., Vertommen, D., Denoncin, K., Morsomme, P., Wahni, K., Messens, J., Carroll, K. S. and Collet, J.-F. (2009). A periplasmic reducing system protects single cysteine residues from oxidation, Science (New York, N.Y.) 326(5956): 1109–1111.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kuus, M. (2013). Geopolitics and Expertise, Oxford: John Wiley & Sons.
An edited book
Cudd, A. E. and Lee, W.-C. (Eds.). (2016). Citizenship and Immigration - Borders, Migration and Political Membership in a Global Age, Vol. 6, Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Park, K.-H. and Song, H.-Y. (2008). A Probabilistic Approach on Estimating the Number of Modular Sonar Sequences, In S. W. Golomb, M. G. Parker, A. Pott, & A. Winterhof (Eds.), Sequences and Their Applications - SETA 2008: 5th International Conference Lexington, KY, USA, September 14-18, 2008 Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, pp. 42–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Information Technology.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2015, October 8). Crows Fear And Learn From Death, IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Transportation Infrastructure: Review of Project Selection Process for Five FHWA Discretionary Programs (No. RCED-98-14), Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Griffith, A. (2017). The Curious Case of Implementation: Enactment of the California Community College Student Equity Initiative (Doctoral dissertation).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B. (2017, June 10). Australian Persists in Chase for Elusive Title, New York Times, p. SP2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Maxmen, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Lavik and Ustin, 2012; Maxmen, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lavik and Ustin, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Depuydt et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Information Technology
AbbreviationJ. Inf. Technol.
ISSN (print)0268-3962
ISSN (online)1466-4437
ScopeStrategy and Management
Information Systems
Library and Information Sciences

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