How to format your references using the Journal of Information Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Information Technology (JIT). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Prusiner, S. B. (2012). Cell biology. A unifying role for prions in neurodegenerative diseases, Science (New York, N.Y.) 336(6088): 1511–1513.
A journal article with 2 authors
Orkin, S. H. and Higgs, D. R. (2010). Medicine. Sickle cell disease at 100 years, Science (New York, N.Y.) 329(5989): 291–292.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kilb, D., Gomberg, J. and Bodin, P. (2000). Triggering of earthquake aftershocks by dynamic stresses, Nature 408(6812): 570–574.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lee, W.-J., Ma, J. W., Bae, J. M., Jeong, K.-S., Cho, M.-H., Kang, C. and Wi, J.-S. (2013). Strongly enhanced THz emission caused by localized surface charges in semiconducting Germanium nanowires, Scientific reports 3: 1984.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sauter, M. (2010). From GSM to LTE, Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Šamaj, J., Baluška, F. and Menzel, D. (Eds.). (2006). Plant Endocytosis, Vol. 1, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Al-Shihabi, L., Wysocki, R. W. and Ruch, D. S. (2015). Management of Type 1A TFCC Tears, In W. B. Geissler (Ed.), Wrist and Elbow Arthroscopy: A Practical Surgical Guide to Techniques, New York, NY: Springer, pp. 59–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Information Technology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, September 3). Human Trial Shows Engineered Immune Cells Could Help Fight Leukemia, IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2005). Digital Television Transition: Issues Related to an Information Campaign Regarding the Transition (No. GAO-05-940R), Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pratt, P. R. (2009). Analysis of the thermo-mechanical characteristics of the LENSTM process for steels using the finite element method (Doctoral dissertation).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gorman, J. (2016, November 10). When Tickled, Rats Giggle and Leap, Researchers Find, New York Times, p. A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Prusiner, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Orkin and Higgs, 2010; Prusiner, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Orkin and Higgs, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Lee et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Information Technology
AbbreviationJ. Inf. Technol.
ISSN (print)0268-3962
ISSN (online)1466-4437
ScopeStrategy and Management
Information Systems
Library and Information Sciences

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