How to format your references using the Journal of Industrial Information Integration citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Industrial Information Integration. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
G.E. Allen, Essays on science and society. Is a new eugenics afoot?, Science. 294 (2001) 59–61.
A journal article with 2 authors
D.M. Kerrick, J.A. Connolly, Metamorphic devolatilization of subducted marine sediments and the transport of volatiles into the Earth’s mantle, Nature. 411 (2001) 293–296.
A journal article with 3 authors
N.C. Manoukis, B. Hall, S.M. Geib, A computer model of insect traps in a landscape, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 7015.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J.A. Long, K. Trinajstic, G.C. Young, T. Senden, Live birth in the Devonian period, Nature. 453 (2008) 650–652.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
K. Lißner, W. Rug, Der Eurocode 5 für Deutschland Eurocode 5: Bemessung und Konstruktion von Holzbauten, Wilhelm Ernst & Sohn Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG, Berlin, Germany, 2016.
An edited book
H.-J. Petsche, G. Keßler, L. Kannenberg, J. Liskowacka, eds., Hermann Graßmann Roots and Traces: Autographs and Unknown Documents, Birkhäuser, Basel, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
R. Bahadur, W.B. Samuels, Wastewater Critical Infrastructure Security and Protection, in: R.M. Clark, S. Hakim, A. Ostfeld (Eds.), Handbook of Water and Wastewater Systems Protection, Springer, New York, NY, 2011: pp. 87–102.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Industrial Information Integration.

Blog post
R. Andrews, The National Park Where Rangers Have A Licence To Kill Poachers, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, National Laboratories: Better Performance Reporting Could Aid Oversight of Laboratory-Directed R&D Program, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. Orozco, Music preference and its effects on emotion processes and identity development in young adult females: An examination of the “emo” subculture, Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M.D. Shear, R. Nixon, A. Liptak, Justices Cancel Hearing on Travel Ban as Questions Linger on New Policy, New York Times. (2017) A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Industrial Information Integration
AbbreviationJ. Ind. Inf. Integr.
ISSN (print)2452-414X
ScopeInformation Systems and Management
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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