How to format your references using the Journal of Industrial Information Integration citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Industrial Information Integration. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. Watanabe, A developing theme for AIDS, Nature. 426 (2003) 736–737.
A journal article with 2 authors
D.A. Norton, R.K. Didham, Comment on “Why are there so many species of herbivorous insects in tropical rainforests?,” Science. 315 (2007) 1666; author reply 1666.
A journal article with 3 authors
S. Tong, S. Meagher, B. Vollenhoven, Sonography: dizygotic twin survival in early pregnancy, Nature. 416 (2002) 142.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Y. Tomaru, K. Toyoda, H. Suzuki, T. Nagumo, K. Kimura, Y. Takao, New single-stranded DNA virus with a unique genomic structure that infects marine diatom Chaetoceros setoensis, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 3337.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Kuzmeski, The Connectors, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2009.
An edited book
G. Regine, Ecocontrastografia dell’apparato urinario, Springer, Milano, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
E. Naredo, E. Dunn, L. Trujillo, Disparity Map Estimation by Combining Cost Volume Measures Using Genetic Programming, in: O. Schütze, C.A. Coello Coello, A.-A. Tantar, E. Tantar, P. Bouvry, P. Del Moral, P. Legrand (Eds.), EVOLVE - A Bridge between Probability, Set Oriented Numerics, and Evolutionary Computation II, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013: pp. 71–86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Industrial Information Integration.

Blog post
A. Carpineti, Curious Object Discovered Near Famous Supermassive Black Hole, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Financial Market Preparedness: Improvements Made, but More Action Needed to Prepare for Wide-Scale Disasters, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D. Anderson, Chamber Music in Early Piano Study: A Guide to Repertoire, Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati, 2004.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Shpigel, Jets Look to Restore a Lost Connection, New York Times. (2016) SP2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Industrial Information Integration
AbbreviationJ. Ind. Inf. Integr.
ISSN (print)2452-414X
ScopeInformation Systems and Management
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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