How to format your references using the Journal of Immunological Methods citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Immunological Methods. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sawyers, C., 2004. Targeted cancer therapy. Nature 432, 294–297.
A journal article with 2 authors
Messina, R., Ben-Abdallah, P., 2013. Graphene-based photovoltaic cells for near-field thermal energy conversion. Sci. Rep. 3, 1383.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bayley, P.J., Frascino, J.C., Squire, L.R., 2005. Robust habit learning in the absence of awareness and independent of the medial temporal lobe. Nature 436, 550–553.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Klussmann, M., Iwamura, H., Mathew, S.P., Wells, D.H., Jr, Pandya, U., Armstrong, A., Blackmond, D.G., 2006. Thermodynamic control of asymmetric amplification in amino acid catalysis. Nature 441, 621–623.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Saksena, F.B., 2015. Patient Studies in Valvular, Congenital, and Rarer Forms of Cardiovascular Disease. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Harrison, T., Ibrahim, E. (Eds.), 2016. Islamic Finance: Principles, Performance and Prospects. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Casalta, J.-P., Gouriet, F., Edouard, S., Fournier, P.-E., Lepidi, H., Raoult, D., 2016. Microbiological Diagnosis in Infective Endocarditis, in: Habib, G. (Ed.), Infective Endocarditis: Epidemiology, Diagnosis, Imaging, Therapy, and Prevention. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 31–36.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Immunological Methods.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2016. New Research On How Galaxies Spin Could Break One Of Our Best Dark Matter Theories [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1994. Pell Grants for Prison Inmates (No. HEHS-94-224R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Watterson, T., 2012. Changes in Attitudes and Behaviors Toward Physical Activity, Nutrition, and Social Support for Middle School Students Using the AFIT App as a Supplement to Instruction in a Physical Education Class (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chira, S., 2016. Can She Keep You Safe? New York Times SR6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sawyers, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Messina and Ben-Abdallah, 2013; Sawyers, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Messina and Ben-Abdallah, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Klussmann et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Immunological Methods
AbbreviationJ. Immunol. Methods
ISSN (print)0022-1759
Immunology and Allergy

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