How to format your references using the Journal of Immunological Methods citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Immunological Methods. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hughes, V., 2011. Microenvironment: Neighbourhood watch. Nature 480, S48-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Prado, M.T.P., Cepeda-Jiménez, C.M., 2015. Materials science: Strength ceiling smashed for light metals. Nature 528, 486–487.
A journal article with 3 authors
Grenfell, B.T., Bjørnstad, O.N., Kappey, J., 2001. Travelling waves and spatial hierarchies in measles epidemics. Nature 414, 716–723.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Almeida, M.P., de Melo, F., Hor-Meyll, M., Salles, A., Walborn, S.P., Ribeiro, P.H.S., Davidovich, L., 2007. Environment-induced sudden death of entanglement. Science 316, 579–582.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Noyer, J.-M., 2016. Transformation of Collective Intelligences. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Benth, F.E., 2013. Paris-Princeton Lectures on Mathematical Finance 2013: Editors: Vicky Henderson, Ronnie Sircar, Lecture Notes in Mathematics. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Bertucci, C., Duru, F., Edberg, N., Fraenz, M., Martinecz, C., Szego, K., Vaisberg, O., 2012. The Induced Magnetospheres of Mars, Venus, and Titan, in: Szego, Karoly (Ed.), The Plasma Environment of Venus, Mars, and Titan, Space Sciences Series of ISSI. Springer US, New York, NY, pp. 113–171.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Immunological Methods.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016. Medical And Recreational Marijuana Approved In Several US States [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1975. Administration of the Science Education Project “Man: A Course of Study”(MACOS) (No. MWD-76-26). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Young, J.L., 2010. A community college’s loss of accreditation: A case study (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wines, M., 2017. Wisconsin Law Deterred Voters, Study Finds. New York Times A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hughes, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Hughes, 2011; Prado and Cepeda-Jiménez, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Prado and Cepeda-Jiménez, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Almeida et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Immunological Methods
AbbreviationJ. Immunol. Methods
ISSN (print)0022-1759
Immunology and Allergy

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