How to format your references using the Journal of Immunological Methods citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Immunological Methods. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lander, E.S., 2011. Genome-sequencing anniversary. The accelerator. Science 331, 1024.
A journal article with 2 authors
Skotheim, J.M., Mahadevan, L., 2005. Physical limits and design principles for plant and fungal movements. Science 308, 1308–1310.
A journal article with 3 authors
Di Toro, G., Goldsby, D.L., Tullis, T.E., 2004. Friction falls towards zero in quartz rock as slip velocity approaches seismic rates. Nature 427, 436–439.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Jung, Y.K., Lee, T., Shin, E., Kim, B.-S., 2013. Highly tunable aptasensing microarrays with graphene oxide multilayers. Sci. Rep. 3, 3367.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dijksterhuis, G.B., 2008. Multivariate Data Analysis in Sensory and Consumer Science. Food & Nutrition Press, Inc., Trumbull, Connecticut, USA.
An edited book
Vrbová, G., 2008. Application of Muscle/Nerve Stimulation in Health and Disease, Advances in Muscle Research. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Kim, H.J., Lee, Y., Kim, H.-H., 2013. Intracellular Calcium Signaling for Osteoclast Differentiation, in: Choi, Y. (Ed.), Osteoimmunology: Interactions of the Immune and Skeletal Systems. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 23–30.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Immunological Methods.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2017. Carbon Emissions In The UK The Lowest Since 1894 [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2002. Transportation Infrastructure: Cost and Oversight Issues on Major Highway and Bridge Projects (No. GAO-02-702T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gary, J.O., 2011. Women’s social networking: Steps that organize low-technology users with emergency needs (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2010. On Road to Super Bowl, Sprinkle Some Eye of Newt. New York Times SP3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lander, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Lander, 2011; Skotheim and Mahadevan, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Skotheim and Mahadevan, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Jung et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Immunological Methods
AbbreviationJ. Immunol. Methods
ISSN (print)0022-1759
Immunology and Allergy

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