How to format your references using the Journal of Human Evolution citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Human Evolution. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Maiani, L., 2010. Obituary: Nicola Cabibbo (1935-2010). Nature. 467, 284.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hertzfeld, H.R., Pace, S.N., 2013. Space law. International cooperation on human lunar heritage. Science (New York, N.Y.). 342, 1049–1050.
A journal article with 3 authors
Alby, K., Schaefer, D., Bennett, R.J., 2009. Homothallic and heterothallic mating in the opportunistic pathogen Candida albicans. Nature. 460, 890–893.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Shima, S., Pilak, O., Vogt, S., Schick, M., Stagni, M.S., Meyer-Klaucke, W., Warkentin, E., Thauer, R.K., Ermler, U., 2008. The crystal structure of [Fe]-hydrogenase reveals the geometry of the active site. Science (New York, N.Y.). 321, 572–575.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Li, F.-C., Yu, B., Wei, J.-J., Kawaguchi, Y., 2011. Turbulent Drag Reduction by Surfactant Additives. John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd., Singapore.
An edited book
Zimmermann, K.-H., 2008. DNA Computing Models. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Kastrinogiannis, T., Tcholtchev, N., Prakash, A., Chaparadza, R., Kaldanis, V., Coskun, H., Papavassiliou, S., 2011. Addressing Stability in Future Autonomic Networking. In: Pentikousis, K., Agüero, R., García-Arranz, M., Papavassiliou, S. (Eds.), Mobile Networks and Management: Second International ICST Conference, MONAMI 2010, Santander, Spain, September 22-24, 2010, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 50–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Human Evolution.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Coin Spiders Chop Off Their Own Genitals After Sex [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2012. Millennium Challenge Corporation: Results of Transportation Infrastructure Projects in Seven Countries ( No. GAO-12-631). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jategaonkar, S.P., 2009. Two essays on stock repurchases and insider trading (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2006. Justices Ponder Conditions For Automatic Deportation. New York Times. A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Maiani, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Maiani, 2010; Hertzfeld and Pace, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hertzfeld and Pace, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Shima et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Human Evolution
AbbreviationJ. Hum. Evol.
ISSN (print)0047-2484
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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