How to format your references using the Journal of Human Evolution citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Human Evolution. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fessenden, M., 2015. The cell menagerie: human immune profiling. Nature. 525, 409–411.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ratcliff, W.C., Denison, R.F., 2011. Microbiology. Alternative actions for antibiotics. Science (New York, N.Y.). 332, 547–548.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bouchard, M.J., Wang, L.H., Schneider, R.J., 2001. Calcium signaling by HBx protein in hepatitis B virus DNA replication. Science (New York, N.Y.). 294, 2376–2378.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Nelson, C.A., 3rd, Zeanah, C.H., Fox, N.A., Marshall, P.J., Smyke, A.T., Guthrie, D., 2007. Cognitive recovery in socially deprived young children: the Bucharest Early Intervention Project. Science (New York, N.Y.). 318, 1937–1940.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lhabitant, F.-S., 2004. Hedge Funds. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Sadrieh, A., Ockenfels, A. (Eds.), 2010. The Selten School of Behavioral Economics: A Collection of Essays in Honor of Reinhard Selten. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Ayguadé, E., Beyer, J., Duran, A., Ferrer, R., Haab, G., Li, K., Massaioli, F., 2010. An Extension to Improve OpenMP Tasking Control. In: Sato, M., Hanawa, T., Müller, M.S., Chapman, B.M., Supinski, B.R. de (Eds.), Beyond Loop Level Parallelism in OpenMP: Accelerators, Tasking and More: 6th Internationan Workshop on OpenMP, IWOMP 2010, Tsukuba, Japan, June 14-16, 2010 Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 56–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Human Evolution.

Blog post
Evans, K., 2016. Eating Real Meat Without Killing Animals Could Be A Reality [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2004. Intellectual Property: Economic Arrangements Among Small Webcasters and Third Parties and Their Effect on Royalties ( No. GAO-04-700). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zimmerman, T.F., 2010. A descriptive review of the development and implementation of a funding model for the Kentucky Community and Technical College System: The first 10 years, 1998–2008 (Doctoral dissertation). Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2009. Two Stars, Meeting Across a Bible. New York Times. WK1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fessenden, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Ratcliff and Denison, 2011; Fessenden, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ratcliff and Denison, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Nelson et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Human Evolution
AbbreviationJ. Hum. Evol.
ISSN (print)0047-2484
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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