How to format your references using the Journal of Human Evolution citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Human Evolution. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McClung, C.R., 2014. Plant science. Making hunger yield. Science (New York, N.Y.). 344, 699–700.
A journal article with 2 authors
Meldrum, F.C., Sear, R.P., 2008. Materials science. Now you see them. Science (New York, N.Y.). 322, 1802–1803.
A journal article with 3 authors
Katsanis, S.H., Javitt, G., Hudson, K., 2008. Public health. A case study of personalized medicine. Science (New York, N.Y.). 320, 53–54.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Boehr, D.D., McElheny, D., Dyson, H.J., Wright, P.E., 2006. The dynamic energy landscape of dihydrofolate reductase catalysis. Science (New York, N.Y.). 313, 1638–1642.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pétrowski, A., Ben-Hamida, S., 2017. Evolutionary Algorithms. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Krueger, G.R.F., Buja, L.M. (Eds.), 2013. Atlas of Anatomic Pathology with Imaging: A Correlative Diagnostic Companion. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
O’Connell, D.C., Kowal, S., 2008. The Written. In: Kowal, S. (Ed.), Communicating with One Another: Toward a Psychology of Spontaneous Spoken Discourse. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 1–9.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Human Evolution.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2016. A Clue To How Supermassive Black Holes Heat Up Galaxies And Kill Stars [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1990. Staffing, Training, and Funding Issues for FAA’s Major Work Forces ( No. T-RCED-90-42). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Slade, M.R., 2008. The adaptive nature of organizational silence: A cybernetic exploration of the hidden factory (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Choi, M.H.K., 2015. LaCroix Sparkling Water. New York Times. MM28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McClung, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Meldrum and Sear, 2008; McClung, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Meldrum and Sear, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Boehr et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Human Evolution
AbbreviationJ. Hum. Evol.
ISSN (print)0047-2484
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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