How to format your references using the Journal of Human Evolution citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Human Evolution. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Campbell, P., 2001. Declaration of financial interests. Nature. 412, 751.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hertzfeld, H.R., Pace, S.N., 2013. Space law. International cooperation on human lunar heritage. Science (New York, N.Y.). 342, 1049–1050.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kalokairinou, L., Howard, H.C., Borry, P., 2014. Science and Regulation. Changes on the horizon for consumer genomics in the EU. Science (New York, N.Y.). 346, 296–298.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Choi, J.-H., Ryu, W.-H., Park, K., Jo, J.-D., Jo, S.-M., Lim, D.-S., Kim, I.-D., 2014. Multi-layer electrode with nano-Li4Ti5O12 aggregates sandwiched between carbon nanotube and graphene networks for high power Li-ion batteries. Scientific reports. 4, 7334.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ramirez, J., 2015. Accounting for Derivatives. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Ignatov, D.I., Khachay, M.Y., Panchenko, A., Konstantinova, N., Yavorsky, R.E. (Eds.), 2014. Analysis of Images, Social Networks and Texts: Third International Conference, AIST 2014, Yekaterinburg, Russia, April 10-12, 2014, Revised Selected Papers, Communications in Computer and Information Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Constable, M., Dauwels, J., Dauwels, S., Umer, R., Zhou, M., Tahir, Y., 2016. Modelling Conversation. In: Magnenat-Thalmann, N., Yuan, J., Thalmann, D., You, B.-J. (Eds.), Context Aware Human-Robot and Human-Agent Interaction, Human–Computer Interaction Series. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 81–111.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Human Evolution.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. 7 Deep Sea Dwellers Who Hardly Look Like Animals At All [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1973. Training and Education Programs for Civilian Employees in the Federal Government ( No. B-164031(1)). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wang, B., 2017. An Embedded Method for Near-Wellbore Streamline Simulation (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J., 2017. Robles Melts Down at End Of a Strange Mets Loss. New York Times. B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Campbell, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Campbell, 2001; Hertzfeld and Pace, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hertzfeld and Pace, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Choi et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Human Evolution
AbbreviationJ. Hum. Evol.
ISSN (print)0047-2484
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Other styles