How to format your references using the Journal of Human Evolution citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Human Evolution. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Koenig, R., 2000. HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS: Bulgarians Sue CERN for Leniency. Science (New York, N.Y.). 290, 252.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vajda, V., McLoughlin, S., 2004. Fungal proliferation at the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary. Science (New York, N.Y.). 303, 1489.
A journal article with 3 authors
Grandison, R.C., Piper, M.D.W., Partridge, L., 2009. Amino-acid imbalance explains extension of lifespan by dietary restriction in Drosophila. Nature. 462, 1061–1064.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Pertel, T., Hausmann, S., Morger, D., Züger, S., Guerra, J., Lascano, J., Reinhard, C., Santoni, F.A., Uchil, P.D., Chatel, L., Bisiaux, A., Albert, M.L., Strambio-De-Castillia, C., Mothes, W., Pizzato, M., Grütter, M.G., Luban, J., 2011. TRIM5 is an innate immune sensor for the retrovirus capsid lattice. Nature. 472, 361–365.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bauldry, W.C., 2009. Introduction to Real Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Fritsche-Neto, R., Borém, A. (Eds.), 2012. Plant Breeding for Biotic Stress Resistance. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Minier, M., Thomas, G., 2013. An Integral Distinguisher on Grøstl-512 v3. In: Paul, G., Vaudenay, S. (Eds.), Progress in Cryptology – INDOCRYPT 2013: 14th International Conference on Cryptology in India, Mumbai, India, December 7-10, 2013. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 50–59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Human Evolution.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2016. Harvard Study: Policy Issues Nearly Absent In Presidential Campaign Coverage [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997. Social Security Administration: Internet Access to Personal Earnings and Benefits Information ( No. T-AIMD/HEHS-97-123). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
DeLutis-Eichenberger, A.N., 2010. El proceso semiótico de un héroe decimonónico: Un estudio en torno a los “textos-tumbas” de Andrés Bello (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2010. Education of a Point Guard Comes Full Circle. New York Times. B18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Koenig, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Koenig, 2000; Vajda and McLoughlin, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vajda and McLoughlin, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Pertel et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Human Evolution
AbbreviationJ. Hum. Evol.
ISSN (print)0047-2484
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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