How to format your references using the Journal of Human Evolution citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Human Evolution. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baillie, J.K., 2014. Translational genomics. Targeting the host immune response to fight infection. Science (New York, N.Y.). 344, 807–808.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hering, J.G., Ingold, K.M., 2012. Water management. Water resources management: what should be integrated? Science (New York, N.Y.). 336, 1234–1235.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hovenden, M.J., Newton, P.C.D., Wills, K.E., 2014. Seasonal not annual rainfall determines grassland biomass response to carbon dioxide. Nature. 511, 583–586.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Norkko, A., Villnäs, A., Norkko, J., Valanko, S., Pilditch, C., 2013. Size matters: implications of the loss of large individuals for ecosystem function. Scientific reports. 3, 2646.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kirwan, M.J., 2013. Handbook of Paper and Paperboard Packaging Technology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford.
An edited book
Neustein, A., Markowitz, J.A. (Eds.), 2013. Mobile Speech and Advanced Natural Language Solutions. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Giverso, C., Preziosi, L., 2014. Using Mathematical Modelling as a Virtual Microscope to Support Biomedical Research. In: Celletti, A., Locatelli, U., Ruggeri, T., Strickland, E. (Eds.), Mathematical Models and Methods for Planet Earth, Springer INdAM Series. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 59–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Human Evolution.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2013. Ultra-Thin Membranes Could Lead To Chip-Sized Electroosmotic Pumps [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Readiness Improving, But Much Work Remains to Avoid Major Disruptions ( No. T-AIMD-99-50). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Watson, D.J., 2010. How the Lead Systems Integrator Experience Should Enhance Efforts to Rebuild the Defense Acquisition Workforce (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear, M.D., Yee, V., 2017. ‘Dreamers’ to Stay in U.S. for Now, but Their Long-Term Fate Is Unclear. New York Times. A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tishkoff, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Greensfelder, 2000; Fortin, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hering and Ingold, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Tang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Human Evolution
AbbreviationJ. Hum. Evol.
ISSN (print)0047-2484
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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