How to format your references using the Journal of Human Evolution citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Human Evolution. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vespignani, A., 2009. Predicting the behavior of techno-social systems. Science (New York, N.Y.). 325, 425–428.
A journal article with 2 authors
Roth, M.S., Deheyn, D.D., 2013. Effects of cold stress and heat stress on coral fluorescence in reef-building corals. Scientific reports. 3, 1421.
A journal article with 3 authors
He, Y., Xue, G.-H., Fu, J.-Z., 2014. Fabrication of low cost soft tissue prostheses with the desktop 3D printer. Scientific reports. 4, 6973.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Shinozaki, Y., Nomura, M., Iwatsuki, K., Moriyama, Y., Gachet, C., Koizumi, S., 2014. Microglia trigger astrocyte-mediated neuroprotection via purinergic gliotransmission. Scientific reports. 4, 4329.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Eicker, U., 2005. Solar Technologies for Buildings. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Yong, C., 2011. The Wenchuan Earthquake of 2008: Anatomy of a Disaster. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Kaushik, B.K., Majumder, M.K., 2015. Mixed Carbon Nanotube Bundle. In: Majumder, M.K. (Ed.), Carbon Nanotube Based VLSI Interconnects: Analysis and Design, SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology. Springer India, New Delhi, pp. 69–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Human Evolution.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. New International Climate Chief Faces A Serious Communication Challenge [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2003. Aviation Safety: Information on FAA’s Data on Operational Errors At Air Traffic Control Towers ( No. GAO-03-1175R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pederson, H.M., 2012. Decreasing blame and building therapeutic alliance: Clarifying central change processes in functional family therapy (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, B., 2017. Bomber Hits Courthouse in Damascus. New York Times. A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Vespignani, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Vespignani, 2009; Roth and Deheyn, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Roth and Deheyn, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Shinozaki et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Human Evolution
AbbreviationJ. Hum. Evol.
ISSN (print)0047-2484
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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