How to format your references using the Journal of Housing Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Housing Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Watts, D.J., 2007. A twenty-first century science. Nature 445, 489.
A journal article with 2 authors
Matzke, M., Matzke, A.J.M., 2003. RNAi extends its reach. Science 301, 1060–1061.
A journal article with 3 authors
Trillo, S., Gongora, J.S.T., Fratalocchi, A., 2014. Wave instabilities in the presence of non vanishing background in nonlinear Schrödinger systems. Sci. Rep. 4, 7285.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Liu, B., Wang, L., Xu, M., Tao, H., Zou, J., Gao, D., Lan, L., Ning, H., Peng, J., Cao, Y., 2014. Efficient hybrid white organic light-emitting diodes with extremely long lifetime: the effect of n-type interlayer. Sci. Rep. 4, 7198.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ansorge, R., 2005. Mathematical Models of Fluiddynamics. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Zeng, Z., Wang, J. (Eds.), 2010. Advances in Neural Network Research and Applications, Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Sracic, M.W., Allen, M.S., 2011. Numerical Continuation of Periodic Orbits for Harmonically Forced Nonlinear Systems, in: Proulx, T. (Ed.), Civil Engineering Topics, Volume 4: Proceedings of the 29th IMAC, A Conference on Structural Dynamics, 2011, Conference Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Mechanics Series. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 51–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Housing Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2015. Cymatics: When Science And Music Dance [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1992. Air Traffic Control: FAA Needs to Justify Further Investment in Its Oceanic Display System (No. IMTEC-92-80). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Travis, M.J., 2008. The relationship between a connections math class and math Criterion Referenced Competency Test scores (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M.J.O., 2013. Dosas, Big and Bigger. New York Times LI8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Watts, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Matzke and Matzke, 2003; Watts, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Matzke and Matzke, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Housing Economics
AbbreviationJ. Hous. Econ.
ISSN (print)1051-1377
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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