How to format your references using the Journal of Housing Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Housing Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Adam, D., 2001. UK changes policy on life insurance. Nature 414, 6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ruths, J., Ruths, D., 2014. Network models. Response to Comment on “Control profiles of complex networks.” Science 346, 561.
A journal article with 3 authors
Esposito, M.S., Capelli, P., Arber, S., 2014. Brainstem nucleus MdV mediates skilled forelimb motor tasks. Nature 508, 351–356.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Nakazato, M., Murakami, N., Date, Y., Kojima, M., Matsuo, H., Kangawa, K., Matsukura, S., 2001. A role for ghrelin in the central regulation of feeding. Nature 409, 194–198.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fortey, R.A., Bruton, D.L., 2013. Lower Ordovician Trilobites of the Kirtonryggen Formation, Spitsbergen. The Lethaia Foundation, Norway.
An edited book
Campbell, T., Miller, S. (Eds.), 2005. Human Rights and the Moral Responsibilities of Corporate and Public Sector Organisations, Issues in Business Ethics. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Hanyu, T., 2015. Challenge of Nonvolatile Logic LSI Using MTJ-Based Logic-in-Memory Architecture, in: Zhao, W., Prenat, G. (Eds.), Spintronics-Based Computing. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 159–177.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Housing Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Female Insects Prefer Dinner To “Handcuffs” [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1989. Observations on Management of Department of Education’s Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (No. T-HRD-89-34). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schmittel, M., 2013. The Children First Foundation Parenting Education Program: A Study on the Effectiveness of a Divorce Parenting Education Program (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, S., 2015. Joyful Puzzles of Home and Transition. New York Times WE9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Adam, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Adam, 2001; Ruths and Ruths, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ruths and Ruths, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Nakazato et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Housing Economics
AbbreviationJ. Hous. Econ.
ISSN (print)1051-1377
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

Other styles