How to format your references using the Journal of Housing Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Housing Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wodarz, D., 2001. Mechanisms underlying antigen-specific CD8+ T cell homeostasis. Science 292, 595.
A journal article with 2 authors
Guydosh, N.R., Block, S.M., 2009. Direct observation of the binding state of the kinesin head to the microtubule. Nature 461, 125–128.
A journal article with 3 authors
Melton, C., Judson, R.L., Blelloch, R., 2010. Opposing microRNA families regulate self-renewal in mouse embryonic stem cells. Nature 463, 621–626.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Schroeter, H., Holt, R.R., Orozco, T.J., Schmitz, H.H., Keen, C.L., 2003. Nutrition: milk and absorption of dietary flavanols. Nature 426, 787–8; discussion 788.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brown, H., Prescott, R., 2014. Applied Mixed Models in Medicine. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Demirdjian, A. (Ed.), 2016. The Armenian Genocide Legacy, Palgrave Studies in the History of Genocide. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Correa, J.R., Feuilloley, L., Soto, J.A., 2014. Independent and Hitting Sets of Rectangles Intersecting a Diagonal Line, in: Pardo, A., Viola, A. (Eds.), LATIN 2014: Theoretical Informatics: 11th Latin American Symposium, Montevideo, Uruguay, March 31–April 4, 2014. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 35–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Housing Economics.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2017. This Technique Could Detect Radiation Up To 1 Kilometer Away [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999. Customs Service Modernization: Impact of New Trade Compliance Strategy Needs to Be Assessed (No. GGD-00-23). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Williamson, K.M., 2010. The effects of communist policies, the democratic transition, and EU accession on gender equality in Germany and the Czech Republic (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C., 2011. A Great TV Series Set in Texas? Sorry, You’re Canceled. New York Times A29B.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wodarz, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Guydosh and Block, 2009; Wodarz, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Guydosh and Block, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Schroeter et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Housing Economics
AbbreviationJ. Hous. Econ.
ISSN (print)1051-1377
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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