How to format your references using the Journal of Housing Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Housing Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Logothetis, N.K., 2010. Bold claims for optogenetics. Nature 468, E3-4; discussion E4-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Taylor, W.R., Lin, K., 2003. Protein knots: A tangled problem. Nature 421, 25.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ng, B., Cai, W., Walsh, K., 2014. The role of the SST-thermocline relationship in Indian Ocean Dipole skewness and its response to global warming. Sci. Rep. 4, 6034.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Garabato, A.C.N., Polzin, K.L., King, B.A., Heywood, K.J., Visbeck, M., 2004. Widespread intense turbulent mixing in the Southern Ocean. Science 303, 210–213.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Norwitz, E.R., Saade, G.R., Miller, H., Davidson, C.M., 2016. Obstetric Clinical Algorithms. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Demina, L.L., Galkin, S.V. (Eds.), 2016. Trace Metal Biogeochemistry and Ecology of Deep-Sea Hydrothermal Vent Systems, The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Gilbert, H.D., Pack, D.J., McGuirk, J.S., 2007. A Comparative Study of Target Localization Methods for Large GDOP, in: Grundel, D., Murphey, R., Pardalos, P., Prokopyev, O. (Eds.), Cooperative Systems: Control and Optimization, Lecture Notes in Economics and Mathematical Systems. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 67–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Housing Economics.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016. Brian Cox Explains Why We Haven’t Seen Aliens Yet – And It Isn’t Pretty [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2015. Teacher Preparation Programs: Education Should Ensure States Identify Low-Performing Programs and Improve Information-Sharing (No. GAO-15-598). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nellenbach, K.M., 2010. Contributions of oral language, problem-solving, and reading attitudes to young adolescents’ silent reading comprehension (Doctoral dissertation). University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2006. Justices Weigh Limits on Punitive Damages. New York Times A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Logothetis, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Logothetis, 2010; Taylor and Lin, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Taylor and Lin, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Garabato et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Housing Economics
AbbreviationJ. Hous. Econ.
ISSN (print)1051-1377
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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