How to format your references using the Journal of Housing and the Built Environment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Housing and the Built Environment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Theobald, D. L. (2010). A formal test of the theory of universal common ancestry. Nature, 465(7295), 219–222.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chae, H. G., & Kumar, S. (2008). Materials science. Making strong fibers. Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5865), 908–909.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chou, S. Y., Keimel, C., & Gu, J. (2002). Ultrafast and direct imprint of nanostructures in silicon. Nature, 417(6891), 835–837.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kinchen, J. M., Cabello, J., Klingele, D., Wong, K., Feichtinger, R., Schnabel, H., et al. (2005). Two pathways converge at CED-10 to mediate actin rearrangement and corpse removal in C. elegans. Nature, 434(7029), 93–99.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brown, C. (2012). Mastering Elliott Wave Principle. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Dura, G., Kambourova, V., & Simeonova, F. (Eds.). (2006). Management of Intentional and Accidental Water Pollution. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Costanzo, M., Blandón-Gitlin, I., & Davis, D. (2016). The Purpose, Content, and Effects of Expert Testimony on Interrogations and Confessions. In B. H. Bornstein & M. K. Miller (Eds.), Advances in Psychology and Law: Volume 2 (pp. 141–178). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Housing and the Built Environment.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, May 12). Sri Lanka Becomes First Nation To Protect All Of Its Mangrove Forests. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1971). Computer Simulations, War Gaming, and Contract Studies (No. B-163074). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Araki, P. R. (2017). Golden Years Home Residential Care Facility for the Elderly (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Benanav, M. (2017, August 28). A Way of Life, Fading Away. New York Times, p. TR8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Theobald 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Chae and Kumar 2008; Theobald 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chae and Kumar 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Kinchen et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Housing and the Built Environment
AbbreviationJ. Housing Built Environ.
ISSN (print)1566-4910
ISSN (online)1573-7772
ScopeGeography, Planning and Development
Urban Studies

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