How to format your references using the Journal of Housing and the Built Environment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Housing and the Built Environment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Buchanan, M. (2015). Physics in finance: Trading at the speed of light. Nature, 518(7538), 161–163.
A journal article with 2 authors
Singer, A. L., & Koretzky, G. A. (2002). Control of T cell function by positive and negative regulators. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5573), 1639–1640.
A journal article with 3 authors
Harmon, J. P., Moran, N. A., & Ives, A. R. (2009). Species response to environmental change: impacts of food web interactions and evolution. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5919), 1347–1350.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Tian, B., Reser, D., Durham, A., Kustov, A., & Rauschecker, J. P. (2001). Functional specialization in rhesus monkey auditory cortex. Science (New York, N.Y.), 292(5515), 290–293.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhang, P. G., & Chan, T. (2011). The Chinese Yuan. 2 Clementi Loop, #02-01, Singapore 129809: John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte. Ltd.
An edited book
Budak, H., & Spangenberg, G. (Eds.). (2015). Molecular Breeding of Forage and Turf: The Proceedings of the 8th International Symposium on the Molecular Breeding of Forage and Turf. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Dillmann, W. H. (2009). Mechanism of Action of Thyroid Hormone on the Cardiac Vascular System. In G. Iervasi & A. Pingitore (Eds.), Thyroid and Heart Failure: From Pathophysiology to Clinics (pp. 45–54). Milano: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Housing and the Built Environment.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, November 12). Why New Law Banning All Psychoactive Substances Will Be Just Another ‘War On Drugs’ Disaster. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2005). Airport and Airway Trust Fund: Preliminary Observations on Past, Present, and Future (No. GAO-05-657T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Williams, C. (2013). It’s not a beauty pageant!: An examination of leadership development through Alaska native pageants (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2016, May 7). Treasury Dept. Rejects Plan to Cut Benefits for Teamsters. New York Times, p. B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Buchanan 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Buchanan 2015; Singer and Koretzky 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Singer and Koretzky 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Tian et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Housing and the Built Environment
AbbreviationJ. Housing Built Environ.
ISSN (print)1566-4910
ISSN (online)1573-7772
ScopeGeography, Planning and Development
Urban Studies

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