How to format your references using the Journal of Housing and the Built Environment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Housing and the Built Environment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Powell, K. (2005). Save now, don’t pay later. Nature, 433(7023), 336–337.
A journal article with 2 authors
van der Goes van Naters, W., & Carlson, J. R. (2006). Insects as chemosensors of humans and crops. Nature, 444(7117), 302–307.
A journal article with 3 authors
Woodruff, J. D., Irish, J. L., & Camargo, S. J. (2013). Coastal flooding by tropical cyclones and sea-level rise. Nature, 504(7478), 44–52.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Mereghetti, S., Tiengo, A., Esposito, P., La Palombara, N., Israel, G. L., & Stella, L. (2009). An ultramassive, fast-spinning white dwarf in a peculiar binary system. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5945), 1222–1223.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Davis, T. G. (2010). Java® and Mac OS® X. Indianapolis, IN, USA: Wiley Publishing, Inc.
An edited book
Kiselevsky, M. V. (Ed.). (2012). Malignant Effusions: Pleuritis, Ascites, Pericardites. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Dong, L., & Jiang, F. (2012). A Novel Multi-Strategy Routing for UWB Ad Hoc Networks. In Y. Wang & T. Li (Eds.), Practical Applications of Intelligent Systems: Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Intelligent Systems and Knowledge Engineering, Shanghai, China, Dec 2011 (ISKE2011) (pp. 25–30). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Housing and the Built Environment.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, July 8). Low-Carbohydrate Diets May Be Useless For Weight Loss. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1969). Deficiencies in the Recording and Reporting of Contractor-Held, Government-Owned Property, Goddard Space Flight Center (No. 092675). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Litt, D. (2010). Social networking sites and adolescent alcohol use: The role of social images, social norms, and social comparison (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B. (2016, December 10). Don’t Let a Dallas Receiver’s Size Fool You. New York Times, p. SP1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Powell 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Powell 2005; van der Goes van Naters and Carlson 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (van der Goes van Naters and Carlson 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Mereghetti et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Housing and the Built Environment
AbbreviationJ. Housing Built Environ.
ISSN (print)1566-4910
ISSN (online)1573-7772
ScopeGeography, Planning and Development
Urban Studies

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