How to format your references using the Blood Purification citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Blood Purification. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Cohen J. Knife-edge of design. Nature. 2001 May;411(6837):529.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Catania KC, Remple FE. Asymptotic prey profitability drives star-nosed moles to the foraging speed limit. Nature. 2005 Feb;433(7025):519–22.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Strick TR, Croquette V, Bensimon D. Single-molecule analysis of DNA uncoiling by a type II topoisomerase. Nature. 2000 Apr;404(6780):901–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Hancox CI, Doret SC, Hummon MT, Luo L, Doyle JM. Magnetic trapping of rare-earth atoms at millikelvin temperatures. Nature. 2004 Sep;431(7006):281–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Arthur D. Little, Inc. Making EHS an Integral Part of Process Design. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1
Rotini F. Re-engineering of Products and Processes: How to Achieve Global Success in the Changing Marketplace. London: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Spiess-Knafl W, Jansen SA. Social Enterprises and the Financing of Different Scaling Strategies. In: Pate L, Wankel C, editors. Emerging Research Directions in Social Entrepreneurship. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014; pp 67–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Blood Purification.

Blog post
1
Andrew E. Everything You Need To Know About The Legal High Ban [Internet]. IFLScience. 2016 Jun [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/everything-you-need-know-about-legal-high-ban/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Commercial Space Launches: FAA’s Risk Assessment Process Is Not Yet Updated. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Rogers S. Teacher Induction Programs: How Key Components Influence Teacher Retention Rates in Rural School Districts. 2014

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Hubbard B, Sanger DE. 3 Nations Meet for Syria Talks, Excluding U.S. New York Times. 2016 Dec;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBlood Purification
AbbreviationBlood Purif.
ISSN (print)0253-5068
ISSN (online)1421-9735
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Hematology
Nephrology

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