How to format your references using the Blood Purification citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Blood Purification. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Doney SC. The growing human footprint on coastal and open-ocean biogeochemistry. Science. 2010 Jun;328(5985):1512–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Hornby GS, Kurtoglu T. Computer science. Toward a smarter Web. Science. 2009 Jul;325(5938):277–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Gillespie AR, Montgomery DR, Mushkin A. Planetary science: are there active glaciers on Mars? Nature. 2005 Dec;438(7069):E9-10; discussion E10.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
DeMattos RB, Bales KR, Cummins DJ, Paul SM, Holtzman DM. Brain to plasma amyloid-beta efflux: a measure of brain amyloid burden in a mouse model of Alzheimer’s disease. Science. 2002 Mar;295(5563):2264–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Kracke E-A, Lodde K. Leitfaden Straßenbrücken. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2011.
An edited book
1
Goel TC. Lymphatic Filariasis. Singapore: Springer; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Adeli A, Sinaee M, Zomorodian MJ, Hamzeh A. Harmony-Based Feature Weighting to Improve the Nearest Neighbor Classification. In: Meghanathan N, Nagamalai D, Chaki N, editors. Advances in Computing and Information Technology: Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Advances in Computing and Information Technology (ACITY) July 13-15, 2012, Chennai, India - Volume 2. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013; pp 27–36.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Blood Purification.

Blog post
1
Andrew D. Climate Change ‘Hotspots’: Why They Matter And Why We Should Invest In Them [Internet]. IFLScience. 2016 Nov [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/climate-change-hotspots-why-they-matter-and-why-we-should-invest-in-them/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. NASA Report May Overstate the Economic Benefits of Research and Development Spending. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Hobbs E. Rehearing Florence Price: A Closer Look at Her Symphony in E Minor. 2017

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Greenhouse L. JUSTICES TO RULE ON A CHALLENGE TO U.S. TRIBUNALS. New York Times. 2005 Nov;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBlood Purification
AbbreviationBlood Purif.
ISSN (print)0253-5068
ISSN (online)1421-9735
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Hematology
Nephrology

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