How to format your references using the Aquatic Geochemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquatic Geochemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Aho AV (2004) Software and the future of programming languages. Science 303:1331–1333
A journal article with 2 authors
Pullum GK, Scholz BC (2001) More than words. Nature 413:367
A journal article with 3 authors
Liljas A, Ehrenberg M, Åqvist J (2011) Comment on “The mechanism for activation of GTP hydrolysis on the ribosome.” Science 333:37; author reply 37
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Della M, Palmbos PL, Tseng H-M, et al (2004) Mycobacterial Ku and ligase proteins constitute a two-component NHEJ repair machine. Science 306:683–685

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hogg RM, Fulk RD (2011) A Grammar of Old English. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Lenarcic J, Husty M (eds) (2012) Latest Advances in Robot Kinematics. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
McComas WF (2014) Advance Organizers. In: McComas WF (ed) The Language of Science Education: An Expanded Glossary of Key Terms and Concepts in Science Teaching and Learning. SensePublishers, Rotterdam, pp 4–4

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquatic Geochemistry.

Blog post
Fang J (2014) Some Thought She Was Possessed By The Devil, But Doctors Figured Out What Was Causing This Little Girls Uncontrollable Laughter. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2014) Air Traffic Control System: Selected Stakeholders’ Perspectives on Operations, Modernization, and Structure. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cole Jackson M (2015) National school reform: the benefits of civility and ethics instruction. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S (2003) A Prosperous Russian City Is Also Fatal for Journalists. New York Times A3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Aho 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Pullum and Scholz 2001; Aho 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pullum and Scholz 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Della et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquatic Geochemistry
AbbreviationAquat. Geochem.
ISSN (print)1380-6165
ISSN (online)1573-1421
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

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