How to format your references using the Aquatic Geochemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquatic Geochemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Briciu A-E (2014) Wavelet analysis of lunar semidiurnal tidal influence on selected inland rivers across the globe. Sci Rep 4:4193
A journal article with 2 authors
Promislow DEL, Kaeberlein M (2014) Development. Chemical warfare in the battle of the sexes. Science 343:491–492
A journal article with 3 authors
Vance D, Teagle DAH, Foster GL (2009) Variable Quaternary chemical weathering fluxes and imbalances in marine geochemical budgets. Nature 458:493–496
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Seres J, Seres E, Verhoef AJ, et al (2005) Laser technology: source of coherent kiloelectronvolt X-rays. Nature 433:596

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Korst J, Pronk V (2006) Multimedia Storage and Retrieval. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Karl HA, Scarlett L, Vargas-Moreno JC, Flaxman M (eds) (2012) Restoring Lands - Coordinating Science, Politics and Action: Complexities of Climate and Governance. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Ciesielski V, Barile P, Trist K (2013) Finding Image Features Associated with High Aesthetic Value by Machine Learning. In: Machado P, McDermott J, Carballal A (eds) Evolutionary and Biologically Inspired Music, Sound, Art and Design: Second International Conference, EvoMUSART 2013, Vienna, Austria, April 3-5, 2013. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 47–58

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquatic Geochemistry.

Blog post
Andrews R (2015) El Niño Brings Venomous Sea Snakes To California. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2000) Aviation Security: Long-Standing Problems Impair Airport Screeners’ Performance. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Borgman GA (2017) Loneliness and the Hermitic Psyche. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B (2016) What Would a Modern Sophocles Do? Perhaps He Would Pucker Up. New York Times C5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Briciu 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Promislow and Kaeberlein 2014; Briciu 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Promislow and Kaeberlein 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Seres et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquatic Geochemistry
AbbreviationAquat. Geochem.
ISSN (print)1380-6165
ISSN (online)1573-1421
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

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