How to format your references using the Journal of Gynecologic Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Gynecologic Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lea DW. Paleoclimate. The glacial tropical Pacific--not just a west side story. Science. 2002 Jul 12;297(5579):202–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Maslin M, Austin P. Uncertainty: Climate models at their limit? Nature. 2012 Jun 13;486(7402):183–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sigman DM, Jaccard SL, Haug GH. Polar ocean stratification in a cold climate. Nature. 2004 Mar 4;428(6978):59–63.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Dominguez AA, Chiang HR, Sukhwani M, Orwig KE, Reijo Pera RA. Human germ cell formation in xenotransplants of induced pluripotent stem cells carrying X chromosome aneuploidies. Sci Rep. 2014 Sep 22;4:6432.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zito R. Electrochemical Water Processing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Bons PDD, Koehn D, Jessell MW, editors. Microdynamics Simulation. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. XXI, 405 p. (Lecture Notes in Earth Sciences; vol. 106).
A chapter in an edited book
Paul DJ. Quantum Cascade Lasers. In: Perenzoni M, Paul DJ, editors. Physics and Applications of Terahertz Radiation. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014. p. 103–21. (Springer Series in Optical Sciences).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Gynecologic Oncology.

Blog post
Andrew D. Scientists Are Tweeting Photos Of Animal Genitals In A #JunkOff. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Market Research: Better Documentation Needed to Inform Future Procurements at Selected Agencies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014 Oct. Report No.: GAO-15-8.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Byeon G. More than words: A comparative study of Liszt’s Liebesträume and the songs from which they were transcribed [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K. Only Soy Died for These Dishes. New York Times. 2010 Mar 28;NJ8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Gynecologic Oncology
AbbreviationJ. Gynecol. Oncol.
ISSN (print)2005-0380
ISSN (online)2005-0399
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Other styles