How to format your references using the Journal of Gynecologic Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Gynecologic Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McLaughlin S. Cell biology. Tools to tamper with phosphoinositides. Science. 2006 Dec 1;314(5804):1402–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Miyanari Y, Torres-Padilla ME. Control of ground-state pluripotency by allelic regulation of Nanog. Nature. 2012 Feb 12;483(7390):470–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cao A, Romanowicz B, Takeuchi N. An observation of PKJKP: inferences on inner core shear properties. Science. 2005 Jun 3;308(5727):1453–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Saito Y, Takeda J, Okada M, Kobayashi J, Kato A, Hirota K, et al. The proteasome factor Bag101 binds to Rad22 and suppresses homologous recombination. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2022.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Carvalho MC. Practical Laboratory Automation. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2016.
An edited book
Shayler DJ. Manned Spaceflight Log II—2006–2012. Shayler MD, editor. New York, NY: Springer; 2013. XXXVIII, 392 p. 34 illus., 18 illus. in color. (Springer Praxis Books; vol. 158).
A chapter in an edited book
Sudarsan SD, Jetley RP, Ramaswamy S. Security and Privacy of Big Data. In: Mohanty H, Bhuyan P, Chenthati D, editors. Big Data: A Primer. New Delhi: Springer India; 2015. p. 121–36. (Studies in Big Data).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Gynecologic Oncology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Mars One Mission Selects Final 100 Candidates to Colonize Mars [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Highway Infrastructure: Preliminary Information on the Timely Completion of Highway Construction Projects. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2002 Sep. Report No.: GAO-02-1067T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nguyen M. Therapeutic groups for adults with mental illness and their caregivers: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron J. Allegories of 2 Boroughs Prepare for a Homecoming. New York Times. 2016 Dec 21;A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Gynecologic Oncology
AbbreviationJ. Gynecol. Oncol.
ISSN (print)2005-0380
ISSN (online)2005-0399
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Other styles