How to format your references using the Journal of Gynecologic Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Gynecologic Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Friedlander M. Physics: A century of cosmic rays. Nature. 2012 Mar 21;483(7390):400–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kurtz J, Franz K. Innate defence: evidence for memory in invertebrate immunity. Nature. 2003 Sep 4;425(6953):37–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nishida K, Montagner J-P, Kawakatsu H. Global surface wave tomography using seismic hum. Science. 2009 Oct 2;326(5949):112.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kaltenboeck G, Harris T, Sun K, Tran T, Chang G, Schramm JP, et al. Accessing thermoplastic processing windows in metallic glasses using rapid capacitive discharge. Sci Rep. 2014 Oct 1;4:6441.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hoschette JA. The Engineer’s Career Guide. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Merbach W. The Long-Term Fertilization Trials in Halle (Saale), Germany: A Tool for Sustainable and Environmentally Compatible Land Management — Contributions of Plant Nutrition Science in Halle 13. 2nd revised Edition. Deubel A, editor. Wiesbaden: DUV; 2007. VIII, 191 p.
A chapter in an edited book
Lazaric A. Transfer in Reinforcement Learning: A Framework and a Survey. In: Wiering M, Otterlo M van, editors. Reinforcement Learning: State-of-the-Art. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 143–73. (Adaptation, Learning, and Optimization).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Gynecologic Oncology.

Blog post
Andrew D. LG Display Unveils Incredible New Flexible Televisions [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Research Grants: Compensation Paid to Graduate Students at the University of California. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999 Jun. Report No.: OSI-99-8.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Berezin S. Catechols as membrane anion transporters [Doctoral dissertation]. [College Park, MD]: University of Maryland, College Park; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M. The View From the Back Row. New York Times. 2016 Feb 4;D7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Gynecologic Oncology
AbbreviationJ. Gynecol. Oncol.
ISSN (print)2005-0380
ISSN (online)2005-0399
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Other styles