How to format your references using the Journal of Gynecologic Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Gynecologic Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Diamandis EP. Getting noticed is half the battle. Science. 2015 Jul 10;349(6244):206.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vogt N, Desplan C. Developmental biology. Flipping the light switch. Science. 2010 Oct 22;330(6003):454–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tynan CT, DeMaster DP, Peterson WT. Endangered right whales on the southeastern Bering Sea shelf. Science. 2001 Nov 30;294(5548):1894.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Pappalardo L, D’Auria L, Cavallo A, Fiore S. Petrological and seismic precursors of the paroxysmal phase of the last Vesuvius eruption on March 1944. Sci Rep. 2014 Sep 9;4:6297.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sandén BI. Design of Multithreaded Software. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Charlés LL, Samarasinghe G, editors. Family Therapy in Global Humanitarian Contexts: Voices and Issues from the Field. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. VIII, 138 p. (AFTA SpringerBriefs in Family Therapy).
A chapter in an edited book
Amarasingam A, Poologaindran A. Diaspora, Development, and Intra-community Politics: Sri Lankan Tamils in Canada and Post-War Debates. In: Chikanda A, Crush J, Walton-Roberts M, editors. Diasporas, Development and Governance. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 49–63. (Global Migration Issues).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Gynecologic Oncology.

Blog post
Andrew E. What Is Insomnia And What Can You Do About It? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Research: Information on DOE’s Laboratory-Directed R&D Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004 Apr. Report No.: GAO-04-489.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jernigan MB. Use of uprooted invasive buffelgrass (Pennisetum ciliare ) parent plants as thatch to reduce progeny seedling emergence [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tucson, AZ]: University of Arizona; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hughes O, Kelly C. It’s Enough to Make the Generous Turn Grinchy. New York Times. 2010 Dec 19;MB9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,1].
This sentence cites four references [1,1,1,1].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Gynecologic Oncology
AbbreviationJ. Gynecol. Oncol.
ISSN (print)2005-0380
ISSN (online)2005-0399
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Other styles