How to format your references using the Current Geriatrics Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Geriatrics Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Campbell PN. Health care in former soviet republics. Science. 2000;288:2131b.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Mudd JO, Kass DA. Tackling heart failure in the twenty-first century. Nature. 2008;451:919–28.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Ringstad N, Abe N, Horvitz HR. Ligand-gated chloride channels are receptors for biogenic amines in C. elegans. Science. 2009;325:96–100.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Teemu J, Makinen T, Bertaux JL, Laakso H, Pulkkinen T, Summanen T, et al. Discovery of a comet by its Lyman-alpha emission. Nature. 2000;405:321–2.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Knight HJ. Patent Strategy. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
1. Suzuki T, Ohtsubo K, Taniguchi N, editors. Sugar Chains: Decoding the Functions of Glycans. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Burns R. Clinical Experience and Diseases of the Woolly Monkey (Lagothrix lagothricha) at the Louisville Zoo. In: Defler TR, Stevenson PR, editors. The Woolly Monkey: Behavior, Ecology, Systematics, and Captive Research. New York, NY: Springer; 2014. p. 75–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Geriatrics Reports.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Images Of Pluto’s Moon Charon Show Huge Fractures And Hints Of Icy ‘Lava Flows’ [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/images-pluto-s-moon-charon-show-huge-fractures-and-hints-icy-lava-flows/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. School-Linked Human Services: A Comprehensive Strategy for Aiding Students at Risk of School Failure. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993 Dec. Report No.: HRD-94-21.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Gibb A. Implementing U.S. security strategy in the 21st century: A three-part examination of the evolving role of the military in American foreign and security policy [Doctoral dissertation]. [Chapel Hill, NC]: University of North Carolina; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Vecsey G. Chase Is Over, But Pressure Is Still On. New York Times. 2010 Aug 5;B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Geriatrics Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Geriatr. Rep.
ISSN (online)2196-7865
Scope

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