How to format your references using the Journal of Global Optimization citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Global Optimization. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Greally, J.: Journal club. A biologist considers a link between jumping genes and immune-system enzymes. Nature. 456, 549 (2008)
A journal article with 2 authors
Weeds, A., Yeoh, S.: Structure. Action at the Y-branch. Science. 294, 1660–1661 (2001)
A journal article with 3 authors
Ahn, K.H., Lookman, T., Bishop, A.R.: Strain-induced metal-insulator phase coexistence in perovskite manganites. Nature. 428, 401–404 (2004)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Fritz, J.H., Rojas, O.L., Simard, N., McCarthy, D.D., Hapfelmeier, S., Rubino, S., Robertson, S.J., Larijani, M., Gosselin, J., Ivanov, I.I., Martin, A., Casellas, R., Philpott, D.J., Girardin, S.E., McCoy, K.D., Macpherson, A.J., Paige, C.J., Gommerman, J.L.: Acquisition of a multifunctional IgA+ plasma cell phenotype in the gut. Nature. 481, 199–203 (2011)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cremona, C.: Structural Performance. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2013)
An edited book
Wheeler, D.S., Wong, H.R., Shanley, T.P. eds: The Respiratory Tract in Pediatric Critical Illness and Injury. Springer, London (2009)
A chapter in an edited book
Howell, A.J., Keyes, C.L.M., Passmore, H.-A.: Flourishing Among Children and Adolescents: Structure and Correlates of Positive Mental Health, and Interventions for Its Enhancement. In: Proctor, C. and Linley, P.A. (eds.) Research, Applications, and Interventions for Children and Adolescents: A Positive Psychology Perspective. pp. 59–79. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2013)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Global Optimization.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: The strangest and biggest things in space


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: OPM Retirement Modernization: Progress Has Been Hindered by Longstanding Information Technology Management Weaknesses. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2012)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ryan, J.I.: Analysis of the role of the Jackson Prairie in prehistoric/protohistoric settlement patterns using survey data from the Bienville National Forest, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Macintyre, B.: The Fog of War, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Global Optimization
AbbreviationJ. Glob. Optim.
ISSN (print)0925-5001
ISSN (online)1573-2916
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Management Science and Operations Research
Applied Mathematics
Control and Optimization

Other styles