How to format your references using the Rethinking History citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Rethinking History. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Squires, Jerry E. 2002. “Artificial Blood.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 295 (5557): 1002–1005.
A journal article with 2 authors
Scott, Stephen H., and Frédéric Crevecoeur. 2014. “Neuroscience: Feedback Throttled down for Smooth Moves.” Nature 509 (7498): 38–39.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lieberman, Debra, John Tooby, and Leda Cosmides. 2007. “The Architecture of Human Kin Detection.” Nature 445 (7129): 727–731.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Bianchi, E., S. Denti, A. Granata, G. Bossi, J. Geginat, A. Villa, L. Rogge, and R. Pardi. 2000. “Integrin LFA-1 Interacts with the Transcriptional Co-Activator JAB1 to Modulate AP-1 Activity.” Nature 404 (6778): 617–621.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lewis, Sarah. 2016. Positive Psychology and Change. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Campos, Javier, and Boudewijn R. Haverkort, eds. 2015. Quantitative Evaluation of Systems: 12th International Conference, QEST 2015, Madrid, Spain, September 1-3, 2015, Proceedings. 1st ed. 2015. Vol. 9259. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Torras, Carme. 2005. “Natural Inspiration for Artificial Adaptivity: Some Neurocomputing Experiences in Robotics.” In Unconventional Computation: 4th International Conference, UC 2005, Sevilla, Spain, October 3 – 7, 2005. Proceedings, edited by Cristian S. Calude, Michael J. Dinneen, Gheorghe Păun, Mario J. Pérez-Jímenez, and Grzegorz Rozenberg, 32–45. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Rethinking History.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Imagining Strange New Lifeforms Could Help Us Discover Our Own Origins.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1993. Airport Improvement Program: Program Funding by State Relative to Enplanements for Selected Years. RCED-94-7FS. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
PerLee-Lange, Dene L. 2010. “An Introduction to the Juvenile Dependency Court Process and the Child Welfare System: A Curriculum for Parents.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, Linda. 2015. “The Supreme Court and the Politics of Fear.” New York Times, July 4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Squires 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Squires 2002; Scott and Crevecoeur 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Scott and Crevecoeur 2014)
  • Three authors: (Lieberman, Tooby, and Cosmides 2007)
  • 4 or more authors: (Bianchi et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleRethinking History
AbbreviationRethink. Hist.
ISSN (print)1364-2529
ISSN (online)1470-1154

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