How to format your references using the Rethinking History citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Rethinking History. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dalton, R. 2000. “Los Alamos Labs Are Safe from Fire.” Nature 405 (6784): 264.
A journal article with 2 authors
Villaume, Matthew T., and Phil S. Baran. 2014. “Organic Chemistry: Reactivity Tamed One Bond at a Time.” Nature 513 (7518): 324–325.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ginzberg, Miriam B., Ran Kafri, and Marc Kirschner. 2015. “Cell Biology. On Being the Right (Cell) Size.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 348 (6236): 1245075.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Chamberlain, Samuel R., Ulrich Müller, Andrew D. Blackwell, Luke Clark, Trevor W. Robbins, and Barbara J. Sahakian. 2006. “Neurochemical Modulation of Response Inhibition and Probabilistic Learning in Humans.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 311 (5762): 861–863.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Decreusefond, Laurent, and Pascal Moyal. 2012. Stochastic Modeling and Analysis of Telecom Networks. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Andina, Diego, and Duc Truong Pham, eds. 2007. Computational Intelligence: For Engineering and Manufacturing. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Achterbergh, Jan, and Dirk Vriens. 2010. “Epilogue to Part I: The Two ‘Archai’ Combined.” In Organizations: Social Systems Conducting Experiments, edited by Dirk Vriens, 167–177. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Rethinking History.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, Jonathan. 2015. “Milky Way-Like Galaxies In The Early Universe Suggest It Was Not As Chaotic As We Thought.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1978. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Organization Organic Act. 105671. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lu, Yeh-Chung. 2009. “From Confrontation to Accommodation: China’s Policy toward the U.S. in the Post-Cold War Era.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
MacFARQUHAR, Neil. 2016. “Russia’s Government Does Little as H.I.V. Cases Surpass a Million.” New York Times, December 28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dalton 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Dalton 2000; Villaume and Baran 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Villaume and Baran 2014)
  • Three authors: (Ginzberg, Kafri, and Kirschner 2015)
  • 4 or more authors: (Chamberlain et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleRethinking History
AbbreviationRethink. Hist.
ISSN (print)1364-2529
ISSN (online)1470-1154

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