How to format your references using the Matrix Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Matrix Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
S.C. Webb, The Earth’s “hum” is driven by ocean waves over the continental shelves, Nature. 445 (2007) 754–756.
A journal article with 2 authors
C.-H. Ho, H.-H. Chen, Optically decomposed near-band-edge structure and excitonic transitions in Ga₂S₃, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 6143.
A journal article with 3 authors
C. Grosman, M. Zhou, A. Auerbach, Mapping the conformational wave of acetylcholine receptor channel gating, Nature. 403 (2000) 773–776.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Z. Liu, C. Sun, E.T. Olejniczak, R.P. Meadows, S.F. Betz, T. Oost, J. Herrmann, J.C. Wu, S.W. Fesik, Structural basis for binding of Smac/DIABLO to the XIAP BIR3 domain, Nature. 408 (2000) 1004–1008.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
G. Held, Virtual Private Networking, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2005.
An edited book
W. Kim, Y. Ding, H.-G. Kim, eds., Semantic Technology: Third Joint International Conference, JIST 2013, Seoul, South Korea, November 28--30, 2013, Revised Selected Papers, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
D. Brandon, A. Thomson, M. Ansell, J. Bregulla, R. Harris, P. Walker, Stiffness Modelling of Non-metallic Timber Connections with Pultruded Dowels, in: R. Hassan, M. Yusoff, Z. Ismail, N.M. Amin, M.A. Fadzil (Eds.), InCIEC 2013: Proceedings of the International Civil and Infrastructure Engineering Conference 2013, Springer, Singapore, 2014: pp. 37–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Matrix Biology.

Blog post
S. Luntz, Sleepless Mice Have Memory Protected, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, NASA Procurement: Approach to Sharing Risk Under Certain Research and Development Contracts Is Starting to Change, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
X. Pan, Using Structural Information in Modeling and Multiple Alignments for Phylogenetics, Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Saslow, Nassau and Suffolk Rate Poorly on Air Quality, New York Times. (2007) LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMatrix Biology
AbbreviationMatrix Biol.
ISSN (print)0945-053X
ScopeMolecular Biology

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