How to format your references using the Matrix Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Matrix Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A. Abbott, Physicists haunted by hints of Higgs boson, Nature. 407 (2000) 118.
A journal article with 2 authors
S. Sachdev, S.-C. Zhang, Superconductivity. Tuning order in cuprate superconductors, Science. 295 (2002) 452–454.
A journal article with 3 authors
T.J. Desai, D.G. Brownfield, M.A. Krasnow, Alveolar progenitor and stem cells in lung development, renewal and cancer, Nature. 507 (2014) 190–194.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
H.J. Kim, D.W. Graham, A.A. DiSpirito, M.A. Alterman, N. Galeva, C.K. Larive, D. Asunskis, P.M.A. Sherwood, Methanobactin, a copper-acquisition compound from methane-oxidizing bacteria, Science. 305 (2004) 1612–1615.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
E.F.G. Dickson, Personal Protective Equipment for Chemical, Biological, and Radiological Hazards, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2012.
An edited book
U.H. Rao, The InfoSec Handbook: An Introduction to Information Security, Apress, Berkeley, CA, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
A. Ghorani-Azam, M. Balali-Mood, Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology of Mustard Compounds, in: M. Balali-Mood, M. Abdollahi (Eds.), Basic and Clinical Toxicology of Mustard Compounds, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015: pp. 63–99.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Matrix Biology.

Blog post
T. Hale, Earthquake Scientists Have Lost Their Favorite Curb In San Francisco, IFLScience. (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Electromagnetic Interference with Medical Devices, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K.W. Wurster, Management matter? Effects of charcoal production management on woodland regeneration in Senegal, Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Schwirtz, B. Mueller, Inmate at Rikers Is Missing After Eluding Several Guards, New York Times. (2017) A25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMatrix Biology
AbbreviationMatrix Biol.
ISSN (print)0945-053X
ScopeMolecular Biology

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