How to format your references using the Journal of Global Fashion Marketing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Global Fashion Marketing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kappe, C. O. (2010). Journal club. A chemist muses on the technique of microwaving flowing chemical reactions. Nature, 464(7290), 817.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhang, W., & Luck, S. J. (2008). Discrete fixed-resolution representations in visual working memory. Nature, 453(7192), 233–235.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhu, M., Yu, X., & Ahlberg, P. E. (2001). A primitive sarcopterygian fish with an eyestalk. Nature, 410(6824), 81–84.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Tang, W., Kim, T.-W., Oses-Prieto, J. A., Sun, Y., Deng, Z., Zhu, S., … Wang, Z.-Y. (2008). BSKs mediate signal transduction from the receptor kinase BRI1 in Arabidopsis. Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5888), 557–560.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fisher, R. B., Breckon, T. P., Dawson-Howe, K., Fitzgibbon, A., Robertson, C., Trucco, E., & Williams, C. K. I. (2016). Dictionary of Computer Vision and Image Processing. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Bičák, J., & Ledvinka, T. (Eds.). (2014). General Relativity, Cosmology and Astrophysics: Perspectives 100 years after Einstein’s stay in Prague (Vol. 177). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Chiu, C.-J. (2016). Cultivating a Humanistic Mind: A View from Taiwan. In E. T. Y. Chan & M. O’Sullivan (Eds.), The Humanities in Contemporary Chinese Contexts (pp. 57–75). Singapore: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Global Fashion Marketing.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, September 17). In Defence Of Sex Machines: Why Trying To Ban Sex Robots Is Wrong. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2005). 21st Century Challenges: Reexamining the Base of the Federal Government (No. GAO-05-325SP). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kay, K. (2013). A support group for older adult males struggling with depression: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lee, L. (2013, July 11). Connect the Blocks. New York Times, p. D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kappe, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Kappe, 2010; Zhang & Luck, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zhang & Luck, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Zhu, Yu, & Ahlberg, 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Tang et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Global Fashion Marketing
AbbreviationJ. Glob. Fashion Mark.
ISSN (print)2093-2685
ISSN (online)2325-4483
ScopeManagement of Technology and Innovation
Strategy and Management
Cultural Studies

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