How to format your references using the Journal of Geriatric Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Geriatric Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Zhang X. The epigenetic landscape of plants. Science 2008;320:489–92.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Patel MR, Shen K. RSY-1 is a local inhibitor of presynaptic assembly in C. elegans. Science 2009;323:1500–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Vogelstein B, Alberts B, Shine K. Genetics. Please don’t call it cloning! Science 2002;295:1237.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Li S-Z, Song Y, Zhang H-H, Jin B-X, Liu Y, Liu W-B, et al. UbcH10 overexpression increases carcinogenesis and blocks ALLN susceptibility in colorectal cancer. Sci Rep 2014;4:6910.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Saccone C, Pesole G. Handbook of Comparative Genomics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
[1]
Crowe AR, editor. Advancing Social Studies Education through Self-Study Methodology: The Power, Promise, and Use of Self-Study in Social Studies Education. vol. 10. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Becher T, Broggio A, Ferroglia A. Resummation by RG Evolution. In: Broggio A, Ferroglia A, editors. Introduction to Soft-Collinear Effective Theory, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 57–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Geriatric Oncology.

Blog post
[1]
O`Callaghan J. This Is The Message We Have Sent To Aliens. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/space/our-message-aliens/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Survey of the Activities of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s National Weather Service. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1976.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Tsang SD. The depth range of azimuthal anisotropy beneath Southern California via analyses of long-period Rayleigh-waves. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Brantley B. This Means Something, as Well as Something Else. New York Times 2016:C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Geriatric Oncology
ISSN (print)1879-4068
Scope

Other styles