How to format your references using the Journal of Geriatric Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Geriatric Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Tromans A. Entomology. Love is not puffed up. Nature 2000;404:138.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Khosla C, Tang Y. Chemistry. A new route to designer antibiotics. Science 2005;308:367–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Baumgart T, Hess ST, Webb WW. Imaging coexisting fluid domains in biomembrane models coupling curvature and line tension. Nature 2003;425:821–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Sekitani T, Noguchi Y, Hata K, Fukushima T, Aida T, Someya T. A rubberlike stretchable active matrix using elastic conductors. Science 2008;321:1468–72.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Knight HJ. Patent Strategy. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
[1]
Stella VJ, Borchardt RT, Hageman MJ, Oliyai R, Maag H, Tilley JW, editors. Prodrugs: Challenges and Rewards Part 1. vol. V. New York, NY: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Straubhaar T. Some Short Thoughts on “The Economics of Slavery.” In: Backhaus JG, editor. The Liberation of the Serfs: The Economics of Unfree Labor, New York, NY: Springer; 2012, p. 15–8.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Geriatric Oncology.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew D. How Do Animals See In The Dark? IFLScience 2017.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Forecasting: FAA Should Implement Additional Risk-Management Practices in Forecasting Aviation Activity. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Galyer DL. The Influence of Reference Objects on Vector-Based Memory Representations. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2019.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Dynarski S. A Little Breathing Room in the Financial Aid Gantlet. New York Times 2016:BU3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Geriatric Oncology
ISSN (print)1879-4068
Scope

Other styles