How to format your references using the Journal of Geriatric Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Geriatric Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Schimpf D. A benefit of being big. Science 2000;290:453c.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Clark AG, Messer PW. Evolutionary genomics. Conundrum of jumbled mosquito genomes. Science 2015;347:27–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Bennett MJ, Lebrón JA, Bjorkman PJ. Crystal structure of the hereditary haemochromatosis protein HFE complexed with transferrin receptor. Nature 2000;403:46–53.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Suenaga K, Tence M, Mory C, Colliex C, Kato H, Okazaki T, et al. Element-selective single atom imaging. Science 2000;290:2280–2.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Stamp M. Information Security. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
[1]
Yorke J. Learning Standards and the Assessment of Quality in Higher Education: Contested Policy Trajectories. vol. 7. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Fouché-Weber LY, Dutton RP. Blood Transfusion and Coagulation Disorders. In: Scher CS, editor. Anesthesia for Trauma: New Evidence and New Challenges, New York, NY: Springer; 2014, p. 67–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Geriatric Oncology.

Blog post
[1]
Fang J. Is There a Parallel Universe That’s Moving Backwards in Time? IFLScience 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/physics/there-parallel-universe-thats-moving-backwards-time/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Defaulted Student Loans: Guaranty Agencies’ Collection Practices and Procedures. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1986.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Johnson JM. Service learning: Providing the building blocks for a socially responsible nursing role. Doctoral dissertation. Capella University, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Scott M, Kanter J. European Officials Say Facebook Misled Them About WhatsApp. New York Times 2016:B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Geriatric Oncology
ISSN (print)1879-4068
Scope

Other styles