How to format your references using the IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Mervis, “Environmental science. Climate sensors dropped from U.S. weather satellite package,” Science, vol. 312, no. 5780, p. 1580, Jun. 2006.
A journal article with 2 authors
I. Mellman and M. Nussenzweig, “Retrospective. Ralph M. Steinman (1943-2011),” Science, vol. 334, no. 6055, p. 466, Oct. 2011.
A journal article with 3 authors
S. Kersten, B. Desvergne, and W. Wahli, “Roles of PPARs in health and disease,” Nature, vol. 405, no. 6785, pp. 421–424, May 2000.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. Repp, G. Meyer, F. E. Olsson, and M. Persson, “Controlling the charge state of individual gold adatoms,” Science, vol. 305, no. 5683, pp. 493–495, Jul. 2004.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
G. Sewell, The Numerical Solution of Ordinary and Partial Differential Equations. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2005.
An edited book
G. J. Sefa Dei and M. McDermott, Eds., Politics of Anti-Racism Education: In Search of Strategies for Transformative Learning, vol. 27. in Explorations of Educational Purpose, vol. 27. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
P. R. Mills, “Folk Housing in the Middle of the Pacific: Architectural Lime, Creolized Ideologies, and Expressions of Power in Nineteenth-Century Hawaii,” in The Materiality of Individuality: Archaeological Studies of Individual Lives, C. White, Ed., New York, NY: Springer US, 2009, pp. 75–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Entire Human Genome Can Now Be Sequenced For Just $1,000,” IFLScience. Accessed: Oct. 30, 2018. [Online]. Available:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Information Technology Reform: Progress Made; More Needs to Be Done to Complete Actions and Measure Results,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-12-745T, May 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. Tang, “Understanding the college experiences of Cambodian American students,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Feeney, “At the Gym Site, Food For Fitness Lovers,” New York Times, p. NJ8, Jan. 01, 2012.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering
AbbreviationIEEE Rev. Biomed. Eng.
ISSN (print)1937-3333
ScopeBiomedical Engineering

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