How to format your references using the IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
N. Gruber, “Ocean biogeochemistry: Carbon at the coastal interface,” Nature, vol. 517, no. 7533, pp. 148–149, Jan. 2015.
A journal article with 2 authors
M. E. Rout and R. M. Callaway, “Plant science. An invasive plant paradox,” Science, vol. 324, no. 5928, pp. 734–735, May 2009.
A journal article with 3 authors
C. Li, A. Zhou, and T. Sang, “Rice domestication by reducing shattering,” Science, vol. 311, no. 5769, pp. 1936–1939, Mar. 2006.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
B. Yurke, A. J. Turberfield, A. P. Mills Jr, F. C. Simmel, and J. L. Neumann, “A DNA-fuelled molecular machine made of DNA,” Nature, vol. 406, no. 6796, pp. 605–608, Aug. 2000.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S. M. Bragg, Accounting Best Practices. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2013.
An edited book
Y. Zhu, Transforming Rural Communities in China and Beyond: Community Entrepreneurship and Enterprises, Infrastructure Development and Investment Modes. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
S. Bandyopadhyay and S. Saha, “Clustering Algorithms,” in Unsupervised Classification: Similarity Measures, Classical and Metaheuristic Approaches, and Applications, S. Saha, Ed. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2013, pp. 75–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “The Secret of the World’s Smelliest Flower,” IFLScience, Jul. 09, 2015. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Acquisition of Automatic Data Processing Equipment at Federal Judicial Center,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, B-193861, Aug. 1979.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
N.-Q. Ton, “A hierarchical wireless network architecture for building automation and control systems: Implementation and simulation study,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. G. Gustines, “In New Digital Comics, Each Tap Holds a Surprise,” New York Times, p. F5, May 31, 2012.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering
AbbreviationIEEE Rev. Biomed. Eng.
ISSN (print)1937-3333
ScopeBiomedical Engineering

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