How to format your references using the IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Braun, “Journal club. A geoscientist ponders possible links between erosion and Earth’s climate,” Nature, vol. 466, no. 7304, p. 299, Jul. 2010.
A journal article with 2 authors
M. Loreau and A. Hector, “Partitioning selection and complementarity in biodiversity experiments,” Nature, vol. 412, no. 6842, pp. 72–76, Jul. 2001.
A journal article with 3 authors
A. Baskin, H. R. Sadeghpour, and P. Král, “Correlated diskoid-like electronic states,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 5913, Aug. 2014.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
L. Ding, K. J. Wang, W. Wang, D. F. Zhu, C. Y. Yin, and J. S. Liu, “Experimental verification and investigation of disks scattering slab modes in metal-dielectric heterostructures,” Sci. Rep., vol. 3, p. 2493, 2013.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D. H. Rogstad, A. Mileant, and T. T. Pham, Antenna Arraying Techniques in the Deep Space Network. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2005.
An edited book
R. Bergmann, G. Lindemann, S. Kirn, and M. Pěchouček, Eds., Multiagent System Technologies: 6th German Conference, MATES 2008, Kaiserslautern, Germany, September 23-26, 2008. Proceedings, vol. 5244. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
A. Ostfeld, “Water Distribution Networks,” in Intelligent Monitoring, Control, and Security of Critical Infrastructure Systems, E. Kyriakides and M. Polycarpou, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2015, pp. 101–124.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Drying Inland Seas Probably Helped Kill Australia’s Megafauna,” IFLScience, 26-Feb-2015. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Summary of Improvement Actions Taken by the Government Printing Office in the Utilization and Management of Automatic Data Processing Resources,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, FGMSD-76-58, May 1976.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
E. Castro Deller, “Recognizing signs of dementia: A curriculum for child welfare workers,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Vecsey, “Of Horns and Whines And the Humble Earplug,” New York Times, p. B11, 16-Jun-2010.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering
AbbreviationIEEE Rev. Biomed. Eng.
ISSN (print)1937-3333
ScopeBiomedical Engineering

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