How to format your references using the IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
B. Shore, “Obituary: Sir Raymond Firth (1901-2002),” Nature, vol. 416, no. 6879, p. 384, Mar. 2002.
A journal article with 2 authors
S. Clausen and A. B. Smith, “Palaeoanatomy and biological affinities of a Cambrian deuterostome (Stylophora),” Nature, vol. 438, no. 7066, pp. 351–354, Nov. 2005.
A journal article with 3 authors
K. Nagashima, A. N. Krot, and H. Yurimoto, “Stardust silicates from primitive meteorites,” Nature, vol. 428, no. 6986, pp. 921–924, Apr. 2004.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
R. Lee, I.-S. Kim, N. Han, S. Yun, K. I. Park, and K.-H. Yoo, “Real-time discrimination between proliferation and neuronal and astroglial differentiation of human neural stem cells,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 6319, Sep. 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. Imrie and E. Street, Architectural Design and Regulation. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd., 2011.
An edited book
R. D. Cohen, Ed., Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Diagnosis and Therapeutics, 2nd ed. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
D. F. Walls and G. J. Milburn, “Representations of the Electromagnetic Field,” in Quantum Optics, D. F. Walls and G. J. Milburn, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2008, pp. 57–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering.

Blog post
S. Luntz, “Vitamin D Supplments Prevent Autism In Mice,” IFLScience, Mar. 22, 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Space Shuttle Main Engine: NASA Has Not Evaluated the Alternate Fuel Turbopump Costs and Benefits,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, NSIAD-94-54, Oct. 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. D. Meeks, “From the belly of the HUAC: The HUAC investigations of Hollywood, 1947–1952,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. W. Walsh, “A Chilly Reception,” New York Times, p. B1, Oct. 23, 2015.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering
AbbreviationIEEE Rev. Biomed. Eng.
ISSN (print)1937-3333
ScopeBiomedical Engineering

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