How to format your references using the IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
V. Gewin, “Industry lured by the gains of going green,” Nature, vol. 436, no. 7048, p. 173, Jul. 2005.
A journal article with 2 authors
W. Chameides and M. Oppenheimer, “Climate change. Carbon trading over taxes,” Science, vol. 315, no. 5819, p. 1670, Mar. 2007.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. Krüger, M. Schenk, and P. Hommelhoff, “Attosecond control of electrons emitted from a nanoscale metal tip,” Nature, vol. 475, no. 7354, pp. 78–81, Jul. 2011.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Y. Zhang, Y. Liu, J. Chen, Q. Guo, T. Wang, and H. Pang, “Cobalt vanadium oxide thin nanoplates: primary electrochemical capacitor application,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 5687, Jul. 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
B. R. Gelbaum, Modern Real and Complex Analysis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1995.
An edited book
S. He, Energy-Efficient Area Coverage for Intruder Detection in Sensor Networks. in SpringerBriefs in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
F. Yanagidate and G. R. Strichartz, “Local Anesthetics,” in Analgesia, C. Stein, Ed., in Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2006, pp. 95–127.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Study Suggests Rats Capable Of Feeling Regret Over Poor Choices,” IFLScience, Jun. 09, 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “James Webb Space Telescope: Project Meeting Cost and Schedule Commitments but Continues to Use Reserves to Address Challenges,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-17-71, Dec. 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
P. A. Lewis, “Love and hate: The study of school principals moving from job motivation to job frustration,” Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, Minneapolis, MN, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Brantley, “Marriage, That Cozy Battlefield,” New York Times, p. C1, May 11, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering
AbbreviationIEEE Rev. Biomed. Eng.
ISSN (print)1937-3333
ScopeBiomedical Engineering

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