How to format your references using the IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. Harley, “Scholarly communication: cultural contexts, evolving models,” Science, vol. 342, no. 6154, pp. 80–82, Oct. 2013.
A journal article with 2 authors
D. Ortíz-Barrientos and M. A. F. Noor, “Evidence for a one-allele assortative mating locus,” Science, vol. 310, no. 5753, p. 1467, Dec. 2005.
A journal article with 3 authors
G. Dominguez, G. Wilkins, and M. H. Thiemens, “The Soret effect and isotopic fractionation in high-temperature silicate melts,” Nature, vol. 473, no. 7345, pp. 70–73, May 2011.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. F. Gillooly, E. L. Charnov, G. B. West, V. M. Savage, and J. H. Brown, “Effects of size and temperature on developmental time,” Nature, vol. 417, no. 6884, pp. 70–73, May 2002.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S. P. Srivastava, Developments in Lubricant Technology. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2014.
An edited book
S. P. C. Marques, Computational Viscoelasticity. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
D. Ye, L. Mei, and Y. Zhang, “Strategy-Proof Mechanism for Obnoxious Facility Location on a Line,” in Computing and Combinatorics: 21st International Conference, COCOON 2015, Beijing, China, August 4-6, 2015, Proceedings, D. Xu, D. Du, and D. Du, Eds. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015, pp. 45–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering.

Blog post
J. Fang, “How Ethiopian Highlanders Adapted To Their Low Oxygen Conditions,” IFLScience, Aug. 06, 2015. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “USDA Telecommunications: Strong Leadership Needed to Resolve Management Weaknesses, Achieve Savings,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, AIMD-98-131, Jun. 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
P. M. McGrath, “Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act of 2008: A policy analysis,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Sisario, “The Pianist Behind Dylan’s Nobel Lecture,” New York Times, p. C2, Jun. 07, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering
AbbreviationIEEE Rev. Biomed. Eng.
ISSN (print)1937-3333
ScopeBiomedical Engineering

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